public service broadcasting

The legal framework of the implementation of community media in Ukraine

Author: Oleh Dzholos
Institution: Institute of Journalism Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8069-1013
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 127-136
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/PPUSN.2022.02.13
PDF: pomi/05/pomi513.pdf

The ongoing globalization of mass media offers ample opportunities for citizen debate and pluralism of thought. One of the recent world media trends is the creation of different models of public media, which are an alternative to other means of communication. Public media might address issues of contemporary journalism, namely the quality and independence of media, ensuring that citizens receive accurate and impartial information. Ukraine has undergone tremendous changes since it has gained independence in 1991 but the political and legal systems remain unduly centralized, the economy weak, and the government attempts to limit freedom of speech and work of media. During both the Orange Revolution in 2004 and the Euromaidan 2013–2014, the need to deepen democratic freedoms was emphasized. Major advocates of the reform called for strengthening the rule of law, decentralization, denationalization of media, and the establishment of community media in the country, which will be created by the society, serve the society, and work under its control. Measures to increase the diversity of Ukrainian media are one of the practical means to guarantee freedom of speech and diversity of viewpoints. The diversity of media includes not only the diversity of content and multiplicity of media owners but also the variety of media types. Along with traditional models of public service media and private commercial broadcasting, community media emerged as the “third level” of media development that enhances freedom of speech. This article examines the legal aspects of community media implementation in Ukraine, their compliance with the standards and principles of the media law of European countries that govern the media community, and illustrates the development of community broadcasting in the world. It also provides an overview of the international standards for community media, which are backed by legislatures and regulators. Analyzing the Ukrainian media legislative draft, the author of the article offers improvements to the content and funding of community media in Ukraine.

Status prawny agencji reklamowej w ustawodawstwie polskim

Author: Katarzyna Chałubińska-Jętkiewicz
Institution: Akademia Obrony Narodowej
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 44-63
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.2.04
PDF: tpn/7/TPN2014204.pdf

The remit of public service broadcasting includes the obligation of universal programming, which covers all kinds of programmes such as culture, news, entertainment and sport. Several European Union documents stress the special role of Public Service Broadcasting (PSB) in society and acknowledge a far-reaching autonomy of Member States to define and finance their national system of public service broadcasting. All European countries have defined remits for their public service broadcasters. The definition of the mission of PSB in Poland is only related to the activity of the public radio and television. Also the way PSB gives account for its programme activities, and the control of the way PSB fulfils its remit. Theme channels are part of the remit of public service broadcasting. These channels are considered as important and almost self-evident activities of PSB. Nevertheless there is a need for such provisions to define the mission of PSB in Poland. This is necessary to further specify the criteria used to determine whether a service of theme channels which are transmitted by the public television is of an economic or a non-economic nature. This is the most important because of the requirements of state financing of public service broadcasters. These transparency requirements are internal accounts corresponding to different activities – public service and non-public service activities must be separated.

Programy wyspecjalizowane jako zadanie w realizacji misji publicznej nadawcy publicznego

Author: Katarzyna Chałubińska-Jentkiewicz
Institution: Akademia Obrony Narodowej
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 124-142
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2014.1.08
PDF: tpn/6/TPN2014108.pdf

The remit of public service broadcasting includes the obligation of universal programming, which covers all kinds of programmes such as culture, news, entertainment and sport. Several European Union documents stress the special role of Public Service Broadcasting (PSB) in society and acknowledge a far-reaching autonomy of Member States to define and finance their national system of public service broadcasting. All European countries have defined remits for their public service broadcasters. The definition of the mission of PSB in Poland is only related to the activity of the public radio and television. Also the way PSB gives account for its programme activities, and the control of the way PSB fulfils its remit. Theme channels are part of the remit of public service broadcasting. These channels are considered as important and almost self-evident activities of PSB. Nevertheless there is a need for such provisions to define the mission of PSB in Poland. This is necessary to further specify the criteria used to determine whether a service of theme channels which are transmitted by the public television is of an economic or a non-economic nature. This is the most important because of the requirements of state financing of public service broadcasters. These transparency requirements are internal accounts corresponding to different activities – public service and non-public service activities must be separated.

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