Prejudices behind Algorithms: Automated Surveillance Systems as Tools of Segregation and Discrimination

Author: Maciej Gurtowski
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University, Toruń, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2990-9088
Author: Jan Waszewski
Institution: War Studies University, Warsaw, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7370-3714
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 94-109
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.04.05
PDF: kie/122/kie12205.pdf

The aim of this paper is to describe the emerging phenomenon of new racism brought by the development of automated surveillance tools. We would like to show that this new system of discrimination is a byproduct of some general transformations in the field of social control. For this purpose, we will refer to invisible hand type of explanation, and the concept of perverse effect in particular. We will also relate widely to some cases and concepts from the “new surveillance” and social control literature and we will try to summarize it.

Searching for Progress: Progressivism and the U.S. Supreme Court Jurisprudence (Some Remarks)

Author: Edyta Sokalska
Institution: Warmia and Mazury University in Olsztyn
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0903-7726
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 443-462
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2020.05.33
PDF: ppk/57/ppk5733.pdf

In American legal historiography, the debate concerning the exact contours and reforms of the Progressive Era is still ongoing. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the American reform movements tried to match American ideals with the challenges of the times. Although progressive attitudes toward the economy, taxation, foreign policy, labor law, social standards, human rights, women’s suffrage, rapid urbanization and unrestricted immigration highlighted the necessity of reforms, such progress was seen from a variety of perspectives. We may ask the question if American legal thought that time was really progressive. The jurisprudence of the U.S. Supreme Court profoundly influenced the shape of the legal order in economic and labor law. Unfortunately, some decisions were not compatible with the visions of progressive reformers and reflected the ideological attitudes of the justices rather than an aspiration for reform.

Ekstremizm polityczny w Nowej Zelandii

Author: Marcin Wałdoch
Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8778-1780
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 29-57
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip202002
PDF: siip/19/siip1902.pdf

Political extremism in New Zealand

In this paper an author state a hypothesis that political extremism in New Zealand is a permanent phenomena that is present in New Zealand, which derives itself from globalization processes and evolves as the effect of idea’s diffusion. System theory is used as a theoretical perspective and a priori assumption that political extremism deepen state-phobia is made. Research methods such as lexical analysis and comparative analysis are used. During the research main extremist political trends are reveal, such as leftist, rightist, pro-ecological, islamic and postcolonial, and „lone-wolf” extremism. These phenomenon are highlighted in the perspective of potential security threats to the state. Ideological sources of extreme attitudes are revealed and shown in the most current political trends.

Kwestia rasizmu w myśli ideologów Organizacji Ukraińskich Nacjonalistów (1929–1945)

Author: Marcin Jędrysiak
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2855-4430
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 214-240
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201811
PDF: siip/17/siip1711.pdf

Question of racism in the thought of the ideologists of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (1929–1945)

The goal of the article is to show what role did the racist elements play in the ideology of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists and whether they were present in that ideology at all. In the scientific discourse it remains controversial, whether OUN was in fact a fascist organization. Those discussions very often ignore the question of racism and its role in both Italian fascism and Ukrainian nationalism. It is also rarely analyzed what was the nature of those racist elements. In the article the historical-legal method has been used, as well as the comparative method. The problem has not been analyzed in the chronological manner, in order to secure the clarity of the article Applied structure of the paper allows showing the analyzed problem from the most general questions to more detailed ones. Works of the ideologists connected with OUN, such as Dmytro Dontsov, Volodymyr Martynec’, Dmytro Orlyk, Yuliyan Vassyjan and Yuriy Lypa have been analyzed, Author decided to underline most important parts of their thought presented in their books and pamphlets and compare their views on each issue. It allowed to indicate that racism is often a topic presented in the works of the ideologists of OUN, although there is no one version of that thought. Every author presents his own view on that topic and other approach. However, they seem to become gradually more interested in the problem of the race in late 30’s and 40’s. However Ukrainian racism is not a biological racism. It treats the race as the spiritual phenomenon with a biological substrate.

Paradoxical manners of understanding anti-discrimination education. Content analysis of hip-hop music lyrics from the album “Hip-Hop racism stop! #1”

Author: Zuzanna Sury
Institution: Jagiellonian University in Kraków
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0986-9370
Author: Katarzyna Smoter
Institution: Jagiellonian University in Kraków
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5180-6344
Author: Karolina Kołodziejczak
Institution: Jagiellonian University in Krakow
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9953-5245
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 191-202
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2022.04.13
PDF: em/19/em1913.pdf

The aim of the study presented in this article was to verify the presence of the assumptions of anti-discrimination education in the lyrics of songs featured on the album “Hip-Hop racism stop! #1”, a project launched as part of a Polish campaign called “Music Against Racism”. The study involved using the content analysis method in an interpretative paradigm according to the contextual theory of meaning. The main conclusion is that the use of songs as a form of educational support can be a valuable element in the anti-discrimination education, but it is crucial to call for “negotiating with young people the content of existing culture”, which may provoke discussion with students about the ways in which words are used to form a specific image of the world. Another important conclusion is the “paradox of violence” referring to a tendency to appeal for the rejection of violence, while at the same time using violence-provoking words.

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