reforma

  • Wyzwania globalizacyjne a nowoczesny system wyborczy

    Author: Jarosław Och
    E-mail: jaroslaw-och@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2014
    Source: Show
    Pages: 181-193
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2014.05.10
    PDF: ppk/21/ppk2110.pdf

    The article focuses on one of the most essential problems of contemporary science of politics which is the issue of participation of citizens in elections and referenda and factors which stimulate and determinate this participation. It has been proved that the attendance at elections in Poland is one of the lowest in Europe and therefore ways of making Polish electoral system more citizen-friendly seem to be necessary. The state ought to stimulate the increase of political culture and create pro-civic attitudes among citizens. What may also be implemented is the reform of the electoral system which would allow citizens to vote by pro- xy, mail, the Internet, or even by sending a text message. Introduction of actions shown above seems to be inevitable and is not only linked with the fact that Polish society is aging, but also with simplifying the process of electoral decision- making for Polish migrants.

  • Dyskusje wokół konstytucyjnej reformy systemu rządów we Włoszech

    Author: Małgorzata Lorencka
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski
    Year of publication: 2010
    Source: Show
    Pages: 75-112
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2010.2-3.04
    PDF: ppk/02-03/ppk2-304.pdf

    This article presents the main ideas of constitutional reform, governments in Italy over the last thirty years. “Blocked Italian democracy” was looking for ways of overcoming the legal framework. Conceived the idea of the great constitutional reform in the late seventies. There are three main ways of that reform: 1) the establishment of the Constituent Assembly, 2) creating a bicameral committee on constitutional reform, 3) by art.138 of the Constitution for its revision. The first solution only enjoyed the support of the right of the political scene. But failed to establish three committees for the bicameral constitutional reform: in the years 1983–1985 A. Bozziego Commission, in 1992–1994 the Commission C. De Mita and N. Iotti, in 1997, the Commission M. D’Alema. Presented by reform projects have failed due to lack of agreement between the main political forces. Thus, the third way of constitutional reform became Article 138 of the Constitution. However, in cases where an amendment has been approved only by an absolute majority of both houses of parliament, it can be put to the vote in a referendum on ratification. Twice held such a constitutional referendum, once on the center-left proposals 7 October 2001 year, the second time against the center-right approach June 25–26, 2006. The last referendum did not obtain public support. So it seems that the idea of the great constitutional reform has failed to deep divisions between the main political parties.

  • Solidarnej Polski koncepcja reformy ustroju konstytucyjnego Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej

    Author: Jerzy Kuciński
    Institution: Społeczna Akademia Nauk w Warszawie
    Year of publication: 2013
    Source: Show
    Pages: 125-150
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2013.04.06
    PDF: ppk/16/ppk1606.pdf

    In May 2013 the party of the Polish Solidarity with Zbigniew Ziobro (further called „SP”) announced the project of changes in the current Constitution of the Republic of Poland from 2 April 1997 (further called „Constitution RP”). This project was presented in the form of consolidated text of the constitution which obtained the name of „New Constitution of the Republic of Poland” (further called „Project SP”). The Project SP proposes amendments or repeals of 83 articles of the Constitution RP (it makes a bit more than a third of its all articles) as well as addition of nine articles, not always completely new as for their solutions. The Project SP proposes introducing changes in the Constitution of RP covering in particular: system of legal sources, list of general rules of the system of state, forms of direct exercising power by the nation, especially introducing the presidential system of government, which mean far-reaching reforms of constitutional system of authorities. The article focuses the attention on their analysis and assesses them from the viewpoint of their democratisation, rules of legal state and contributing to rising effectiveness of activities of authorities while comparing them with regulations introduced by the Constitution of 1997. The estimate of proposals of constitutional system of RP covered by Project SP is not to be unidirectional – only approving or only critical. Some of these proposals deserve a positive mark, others arouse estimative dilemmas due to their loose ends or controversial character; finally there are those which cannot result in other than negative marks.

  • Local Government Policy in the Field of Education and Health in Poland after 2015

    Author: Paweł Grzywna
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Author: Natalia Stępień-Lampa
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 117-133
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2019.63.08
    PDF: apsp/63/apsp6308.pdf

    The considerations in the article focus on the role of territorial local government in two important spheres of welfare state – in providing access to education, and health care. The authors characterize the situation in Poland after the parliamentary elections won in 2015 by the Law and Justice (PiS). The first part of the study analyses the reforms undertaken in the education system and their consequences for territorial local government, in particular increasing the compulsory education age as well as changing the school system. The second part contains a description of planned and implemented changes in health care.

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