rehabilitation

The Process of Social Reintegration of Convicts on the Background of World Penitentiary System. The Analytical and Synthetic Outline of the Issue

Author: Kazimierz Pierzchała
Institution: School of National Economy in Kutno (Poland)
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 154-170
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2015012
PDF: ppsy/44/ppsy2015012.pdf

The following text shortly outlines some basics terms and difficulties connected with social rehabilitation term of some people who had a staying in the prison; beginning from the short explanation of the term, through highlighting the characteristic of reintegration process, to main problems which a person has when comes back to the society and also some ways of solving them. 

Deportacija chechenskogo naroda: chto ehto bylo i mozhno li ehto zabyt? (K 70-letiju deportacii chechenskogo i ingushskogo narodov)

Author: Magomed Daduev
Author: Abdula Bugaev
Author: Vakhi Akaev
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 85-104
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2015205
PDF: npw/09/npw2015205.pdf

The article analyzes some historical aspects of the deportation of the Chechen people 23 February 1944. Reveals the absurdity of the law , the state decisions on the deportation of the Chechens , using previously unknown archival documents, reveals the failure of the charges brought against them by the Stalinist totalitarian regime. The questions Khrushchev criticism of the personality cult of Stalin at the Twentieth Party Congress, a long and complicated process of rehabilitation of repressed peoples, including Chechens.

Reasoned criticism subjected to allegations of certain Russian authors, contrary to elementary logic, trying to justify the crimes of the Stalin–Beria’s regime, to prove the validity of the deportation of people. It is suggested that a scientific approach to the past, tragic repression involves accurate, objective approach, overcoming political situation, reproduction in the public consciousness, studies the ideology of Stalinism. This will strengthen inter-ethnic harmony in Russia, which is very important and necessary for a civilized community.

Co polacy mają wspólnego z „Milczeniem Owiec”? „Bestie” na wolności a ich „Uczłowieczenie”. Zarys analityczno-syntetyczny problemu

Author: Kazimierz Pierzchała
Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki Krajowej w Kutnie
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 63-73
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201405
PDF: ksm/19/ksm201405.pdf

Convicted of dangerous (status “N”):

1) Subjective criteria. The embedded person is identified as a “N”, whose behawior at the offence, personal conditions, the type and size of the negative consequences of crime, motivations, the way of proceeding during the stay in prison, the degree of demoralization carry important social threat or serious danger to the plant.

2) Subject criteria, referring to the type of crime committed by the embedded person (crime with particular cruelty or use of firearms). The list of offenses is open.

The status “N” can also be obtained for especially reprehensible behavior during previous imprisonment. The list of offenses is closed (he was the perpetrator of rape, grievous bodily harm, or abused inmates).

„Znaczenie” adaptacji zawodowej w rehabilitacji osób z niepełnosprawnościami

Author: Zbigniew Chodkowski
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 108-125
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2019.01.07
PDF: kie/123/kie12307.pdf

Human adaptation to the environment plays an important role in their careers and substantially affects its professional development. Adaptation consists of many factors that imply positive or negative conditions of a person’s professional work.
The article is a theoretical outline of various possibilities for adapting people in the work environment on the basis of social sciences such as pedagogy, sociology, psychology.
The article is a theoretical outline of various possibilities of adapting a man in the work environment on the basis of social sciences such as pedagogy, sociology, psychology. The development of the topic is the analysis of the usefulness of selected theories of professional adaptation for special pedagogy in the functioning of people with disabilities. Complementing this analysis is pointing to various barriers to adaptation to the working environment of the disabled. Conclusions include, among others, strengthening of professional activation and social activation of people with disabilities.

Віктимолого-психологічна модель реабілітації неповнолітніх жертв сексуального насильства

Author: Тетяна Тіточка (Tetiana Titochka)
Institution: Donetsk State University of Internal Affairs
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5924-614X
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 55-62
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/CPLS.20224.06
PDF: cpls/4/cpls406.pdf

Victimology-Psychological Model of Rehabilitation of Minor Victims of Sexual Violence

The article examines the peculiarities of victimological and psychological rehabilitation of adolescents who suffered from sexual violence. Attention is drawn to the fact that statistical data and judicial practice show that the consequences of sexual violence against minors are often irreparable, especially if the child was not provided with timely help. It is indicated that sexual violence, in any case, is the so-called «trigger point» for counting the formation of psychological injuries, which in most cases lead to the emergence of a person, especially a minor, in a retrospective phenomenon, which consists in an episodic return to the event , which caused an injury. In this regard, the rehabilitation of such children should begin with establishing not only psychological and physiological determination, but also criminological and victimological conditions and background phenomena, which in symbiosis contributed to or facilitated the commission of sexual violence. As in the case of working with criminal offenders, as well as with victims, the creation of specific models of actual or potentially deviant behavior with the allocation of correlations with psychological and moral features of a person’s personality becomes especially relevant. Victimological prevention should always include identifying the basic conditions for the creation of deviant instructions that contributed to the adolescent getting into an unfavorable situation and working out possible ways to avoid it in retrospect. Any rehabilitation should begin with a balanced dialogue, which will give the child the opportunity in a favorable environment to work with a specialist on all aspects of a socially dangerous event and build a behavioral algorithm that will allow him to avoid victim relapse in the future. It was concluded that the main rehabilitation measures and means are: 1) creating a sense of security in the minor victim of sexual violence; 2) building a dialogue taking into account the characteristics of the child’s personality and the event of a criminal offense committed against him; 3) working out, if possible, the maximum number of trigger zones associated with a socially dangerous event; 4) adjusting the child to positive reframing; 5) prevention of repeated and secondary victimization; 6) closure of gestalts associated with episodes of sexual violence. Rehabilitation of such children should take place due to the consolidation of efforts of medical workers, teachers, psychologists, criminologists and victimologists.

Il regime disciplinare nell’ambito carcerario polacco

Author: Małgorzata Szwejkowska
Institution: Akademia Ekonomiczno-Humanistyczna w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 64-72
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2018.2.02
PDF: tpn/14/TPN2018202.pdf

This article examines issues related to prison disciplinary proceedings. At the first part the Author describes – in a synthetic way – the evolution and aims of imprisonment, starting from ancient times until the 19th century. Mentioned are also the methods od prison discipline in places of penal isolation. The second part consist of a detailed account of historical development of prison disciplinary proceeding in Poland – from the period after the First World War until contemporary times. Concluding part of the article states that the objective of disciplinary sanctions is no longer only to provide safety and order within prisons but also is an important measure of inmate rehabilitation.

The role of play in the development stimulation of deaf-blind children of kindergarten age

Author: Marzenna Zaorska
Institution: Warminsko-Mazurski University Poland
Author: Katarzyna Ćwirynkało
Institution: Warminsko-Mazurski University Poland
Year of publication: 2004
Source: Show
Pages: 181-191
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.04.3.2.14
PDF: tner/200402/tner314.pdf

Present-day research in the field of special education concentrates on these aspects of supporting the development, education, and rehabilitation of the disabled which - for years - were underestimated or unnoticed. One of the aspects is the therapy of persons with multiple disabilities, including the deaf-blind. In the main part of the article we draw the reader's attention to the opportunities of using subject plays in professional work with children who have simultaneous hearing and eye-sight impairment. We present various definitions of the term "play", classify subject plays, and show the phases of introducing subject plays in the process of education and rehabilitation of a deafblind child. We also pay attention to the functions of subject plays in the context of the development of communication, cognitive activity, and creative activity of children with simultaneous hearing and eyesight impairment as well as to the role of subject plays in the sphere of enriching the children's knowledge of different objects, natural history, and social roles.

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