• The Proclamation of the Hungarian Republic in 1946

    Author: Schweitzer Gábor
    Institution: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, National University of Public Service
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 115-125
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppk/40/ppk4007.pdf

    The paper is dealing with the constitutional and historical importance of Act I. of 1946. In 1946 Hungary has changed its form of government. The passage of Act I of 1946 has defined Hungary’s form of government as a republic. In addition to the creation of a republic, the legislation provided powers for the president of the Hungarian Republic. Moreover, the Preamble of Act I. of 1946 was the first document in the Hungarian constitutional history which summarized and declared the most important natural and inalienable rights of the citizens.

  • The President of the Republic of Poland in the Light of Constitutions Adopted in Poland Between 1918 and 2018 – Selected Issues

    Author: Łukasz Danel
    Institution: Uniwersyt Ekonomiczny w Krakowie
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 7-20
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ksm/23/ksm201801.pdf

    The article concerns the constitutional position and political role of the President of the Republic of Poland. Though the Author concentrates on the current constitution of Poland, that entered info force in 1997, he also reviews all the constitutions (and important amendments to these constitutions) that were adopted over the last century, so after Poland had restored its sovereignty in 1918.
    The analysis is concentrated not only on the constitutional position and political role of the Polish president, but also on the way he was (and is) elected. The Author tries to prove a thesis that the actual political position of the head in the state in Poland depended and still depends not only on constitutional provisions, but also on specific political circumstances, and even the character and personality of the people holding this office.

  • Przyczyny sukcesu lub niepowodzenia w budowaniu państw po pierwszej wojnie światowej: Polska i Czechosłowacja versus Ukraina

    Author: Jewhen Perehuda
    Institution: Instytut Politologii Uniwersytetu Zielonogórskiego
    Author: Andrzej Małkiewicz
    Institution: Narodowy Uniwersytet Budownictwa i Architektury
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 115-131
    DOI Address:
    PDF: hso/23/hso2306.pdf

    The main goal of this paper is to show the crucial facts which led to the establishment at the end of the First World War of two sovereign states: the First Czechoslovak Republic and the Second Polish Republic. An attempt has also been made to provide background information on the reasons why the Ukraine did not gain independence in the time in question.

  • Conciliatory and Conflictual Ethnopolitical Concepts in the Republics of the Russian Federation: Tatarstan and Chechnya

    Author: Andrzej Wierzbicki
    Institution: University of Warsaw
    Author: Sylwia Gorlicka
    Institution: University of Warsaw
    Published online: 17 December 2021
    Final submission: 9 March 2021
    Printed issue: 2021
    Source: Show
    Page no: 17
    Pages: 131-147
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202157.pdf

    Russia is a state with a multi-ethnic federal structure inherited from the USSR. Implementing an ethnic policy that would unite and integrate its citizens is one of its most important goals. Among Russia’s federal subjects are also national republics pursuing their own ethno-political concepts, either conciliatory or conflictual. Tatarstan and Chechnya are examples of such republics. With the use of the comparative method, the article is an attempt at demonstrating many factors that have an impact on the shaping and implementing of the ethnic policy through such criteria as the status of the republics, the concept of the nation, and ethnocentrism, historical memory, the role of Islam and its politicization, and the language policy. The article also outlines their consequences and possible future scenarios.

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