resilience

  • Resilience, Refugee Children and Children’s Rights

    Author: Ina Lekkai
    Institution: Independent scholar
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 39-54
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2019.02.03
    PDF: kie/124/kie12403.pdf

    In the light of recent world facts, there has been growing attention paid to refugee minors who, fleeing from violence, war, poverty and climate change, or seeking better opportunities, hope to reach safety in Europe. Challenging life experiences such as war, violence, forced displacement, etc., can potentially threaten children’s development. However, many succeed in turning their lives around and develop well despite such negative circumstances. Refugee children, often overlooked by immigration laws and policy makers, prove to be a particularly resilient group, very resourceful in mechanisms for overcoming life adversities. By taking this understanding of refugee minors as a starting point, this article provides an overview of research in the field of resilience, aiming to discuss the implications that tie refugee minors’ well-being to the human and children’s rights obligations that society bears towards them. The article concludes that there is an urgent need for interventions and programs which target factors that promote refugee children’s resilience in their design and implementation, informed by current knowledge of refugee children’s life and cultural background, and their self-ratings of negative and positive life events. The standards defined by human and children’s rights instruments and equity regarding children’s rights to achieve a good life should be a matter to be taken seriously for all children worldwide.

  • The Phenomenon of Resilience in the Biography Narratives of the Gdańsk Seniors

    Author: Agnieszka Bzymek
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 196-210
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.02.14
    PDF: kie/116/kie11614.pdf

    The narratives included in this article were collected within the framework of the project “We Support Senior Citizens in the Local Environment-Culture as an Element of the Identity of the Elderly”, implemented in the Daily Care Home of the Local Support Center in Gdańsk in 2016. They are the result of the author’s personal observations of seniors being in need of telling their past, sharing it, and at the same time sorting it out, and reconciling themselves with the difficult moments in their lives. There is also a need for reflection on one’s past, which gives power and strength to go on in life. In other words, who and/or what makes you want to live and even enjoy life? What is resilience in my life? Remaining impressed by the power of their stories, the stories of people who in the moments of difficulty and pain were able to say: ‘I want to live’, and asking them to reflect on the past, I came to realize what it is that determines the sources to keep the resilience described below and the ability to regenerate.

  • Resilience and Early School Age Children’s Needs Satisfied Through Art

    Author: Małgorzata Łączyk
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 211-224
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2017.02.15
    PDF: kie/116/kie11615.pdf

    The article is an attempt at describing the relation between resilience and needs. It is based on the assumption that these are two sets of variables vital for harmonious development that resonate with each other in a peculiar manner. Resilience and human needs are both contextually and hereditarily conditioned, but the relation between them seems not necessarily a linear one. In adults, resilience might be a significant medium in the satisfaction of needs and even condition them. In children, however, the relation between these variables is different. A child is born with certain potential determining its level of resilience, but deprivation of their key needs, especially during first years, might simply impair their development or disturb its synchronisation. The main issue discussed in this article is the basis of the relation between resilience and the needs that must be satisfied at school. The article contains observations made while carrying out an experimental project that enables the youngest pupils to access and fulfil their multidimensional needs.

  • Profilaktyka społeczna jako działalność intensyfikująca odporność psychiczną

    Author: Karol Łukowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3057-792X
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 211-225
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.12
    PDF: kie/133/kie13312.pdf

    Social prevention as an activity to intensify mental resilience

    Preventive activities prevent emerging social problems, using various methods and tools for work. This article will introduce the idea of conducting social prevention using paintball and survival, as tools for therapeutic work. Social prevention based on the elements of survival has the nature of recreational activities that prepare participants to take action in difficult conditions and to look for ways to deal with their own weaknesses. In research on strengthening mental resilience, I adopt the concept of grounded theory, based on interviews and participant observation. Social prophylaxis with elements of paintball and the art of survival has features that strengthen mental resilience, teach self-confidence and persistence. Movement prophylaxis uses human potential, energy, and verve to make the best use of these elements in the practical experience of life. Physical activity causes positive changes in human functioning and teaches how to react to difficult situations. The aim of the article is to provide research knowledge on the strength of mental resilience from paintball players who organize preventive measures. The developed materials will be used to build an alternative vision of spending free time for children, adolescents, and their parents.

  • Difficulties Perceived by Polish Academic Teachers in Connection with the COVID-19 Pandemic: Predictive Role of Resilience

    Author: Agnieszka Gabryś
    Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8502-7119
    Author: Magdalena Boczkowska
    Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3435-8193
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 115-130
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.08
    PDF: kie/132/kie13208.pdf

    Coronavirus epidemic (COVID-19) poses a significant challenge for the society. One of such social groups are academic teachers. The aim of this study is to become acquainted with the perceived difficulties of Polish academic teachers connected with the COVID-19 pandemic and to assess the importance of resilience in perceiving these difficulties. One hundred and one (n = 101) Polish academic teachers completed the Scale of Perceived Difficulties Associated with the COVID-19 Pandemic SOTCov19 (NA) and the Resilience Assessment Scale SPP-25. The descriptive statistics, correlation analysis (Pearson’s correlations coefficient), and progressive stepwise regression analysis were used. The study shows that Polish academic teachers experience the greatest difficulties in three areas: recreational and cultural aspect, health and care aspects, and remote working - online lessons. A significant correlation between included variables was obtained. It is also well worth mentioning that the two subscales of resilience - tolerance for failure and treating life as a challenge, and personal competence to deal with and tolerance of negative emotions - entail a predictive function in explaining the perceived difficulties, however the percentage of variance is low, unlike expected.

  • The Impact of Teachers’ Level of Awe, Resilience , and Self-Compassion on Their Performance During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Author: Alicja Gałązka
    Institution: University of Silesia
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6266-5038
    Author: Joanna Jarosz
    Institution: University of Silesia
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6309-2171
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 196-206
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.22.67.1.15
    PDF: tner/202201/tner6715.pdf

    Emergency following the COVID-19 pandemic has forced educational institutions in over 190 countries to close, and teachers worldwide worked hard to adapt their curriculum to an online format and face multiple related challenges. The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate the impact that the COVID-19 pandemic had on teachers’ performance and verify whether this change may have been justified by individual resilience, self-compassion and awe levels. The respondents perceived a significant drop in performance following the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic across all investigated subscales. Preliminary data obtained in this study indicate that this drop may be explained by a link between performance and Awe, Resilience and Self-Compassion.

  • Resilience and Coping with Stress vs. Trauma Effects in People Living with HIV

    Author: Sebastian Skalski
    Institution: Polish Academy of Sciences
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6336-7251
    Author: Paweł Dobrakowski
    Institution: Institute of Psychology, Humanitas University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6436-2487
    Author: Anna Wasilewska
    Institution: Independent researcher
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1983-5601
    Year of publication: 2022
    Source: Show
    Pages: 78-95
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.02.05
    PDF: kie/136/kie13605.pdf

    There are approximately 38 million HIV-positive patients in the world. The effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy has significantly increased the life expectancy of infected patients. The objective of this study was to observe the relationship between resilience (assessed using the SPP-25 Scale), coping strategies (Mini-COPE Scale) as well as trauma effects (SF-CiOQ Scale) and quality of life (SWLS Scale) in people living with HIV. The study included 78 individuals (26 women and 52 men) aged 18–65 years. Significant relationships between resilience and coping strategies were demonstrated in people living with HIV. Resilience and active coping were conducive to positive trauma effects and satisfaction with life. Non-adaptive coping strategies favored negative trauma effects. The strategy of positive reframing acted as a mediator in the relationship between resilience vs. positive and negative trauma effects in people living with HIV. The scores indicate the need for practitioners to focus on interventions which elevate resilience and active coping to improve mental health in people living with HIV.

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