risk

The Cosmopolitan Game? Contemporary Football in The Light of Ulrich Beck’s Theory

Author: Radosław Kossakowski
Institution: University of Gdańsk
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 36-62
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.05.03
PDF: kie/105/kie10503.pdf

In article author takes advantage of sociological theory of German thinker – Ulrich Beck – to analysis of contemporary football. He assumes that idea of cosmopolitanization developed by Beck instances interesting analytical tool to the scrutiny of that sport. The concept of cosmopolitanization emphasising on interpenetration of global flows and local environment appears as adequate to such examination. From one perspective some actors in global football field (eg. FIFA) put a lot of pressure on the rest actors (expelling national teams from countries with unstable political situations), but on the other hand football field constitutes a mixture of various influences, different kinds of “cosmopolitanization” (“coerced”, “latent”, “non-deformed”) and local dimensions of modernity. In the case of football fans it is justified to cover every day experiences with football by notion of “banal cosmopolitanization”. The author considers necessity to create the new units of analysis in exploration of contemporary football. Units from classical sociology, derived from world of first modernity need to be replaced (or enriched at least) by ones prepared in result of cosmopolitan turn in social sciences. Simultaneously, like other spectrums of social life (science, politics, identities and so on), football is found under influences of conditions of global manufactured uncertainty and risk. In article there are a few instances of risks connected to football.

Health Security Category in the 2014 and 2020 National Security Strategies of the Republic of Poland

Author: Justyna Kięczkowska
Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 107-126
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2022.76.06
PDF: apsp/76/apsp7606.pdf

The aim of this article is to analyse the category of health security in the 2014 and 2020 National Security Strategies of the Republic of Poland. The starting point is the adoption of a proper definition of health security considered as a process in which many elements participate and which is influenced by many factors of social, economic, environmental, etc., nature. This approach captures the specificity of health security as an essential element of state and citizen security. The analysis of the documents proves that the authors do not consider the multifactorial and multidimensional nature of health security, and thus do not indicate in the Strategies the key threats to health and life and, above all, effective solutions introduced at state level, whose main task would be to maintain an adequate level of health security.

Analiza dotycząca możliwości budowy modelu ryzyka kredytowego

Author: Paweł Marcinkowski
Institution: Allegro Pay sp. z o.o.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0009-0009-2082-9442
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 168-184
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ksm20230308
PDF: ksm/39/ksm3908.pdf

Analysis of the possibility of building a credit risk model

FinAi has undertaken a project focused on the development of an innovative credit risk model utilizing alternative data sources, such as data from social media platforms (Facebook, LinkedIn) and mobile phone records. This project was co-financed through the European Regional Development Fund under a funding agreement between FinAi S.A. and the National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR), headquartered in Warsaw. The initial phase of the project involved the collection of data and their utilization in constructing a network graph of customer relationships. Furthermore, leveraging external data as well as data managed by FinAi, specific indicators were formulated. These indicators were employed under the supervision of experts to train a predictive model that incorporated graph structures. The model thus constructed was to exhibit a higher predictive capability compared to conventional models commonly employed within the industry. The study explored the feasibility of creating a credit risk model based on the acquired data and assessed the quality of data originating from alternative sources. It was demonstrated that alternative data sources were populated for a small fraction of the population, and their quality has proven unsatisfactory. The scale of the dataset proved inadequate for establishing a robust credit risk model or attaining a competitive advantage over the models in use within banking institutions.

Armed Forces and Disaster Risk Reduction: A Theoretical Approach

Author: Paweł Gromek
Institution: Fire University
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 47-69
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2023.79.03
PDF: apsp/79/apsp7903.pdf

This article presents a theoretical connection of armed forces operations and a disaster risk reduction concept. The objective is to elaborate a model of armed forces participation in disaster risk reduction in relation to the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030. The research method bases on a review of the literature and a cognitive design of the participation model. General role of armed forces, potential and societal expectations are factors that place them in a context of disaster risk reduction. Soldiers are said to participate in protection of the most important utilitarian values regardless of circumstances (military hazards and non-military hazards). Their operations might be ascribed into limiting of hazard power, reducing vulnerabilities, shortening exposure, improving resilience, and strengthening capacities to cope with a disaster. They can reduce the risk associated with military hazards and non-military hazards. The concept may be a reference in designing synergy in cooperation between military and non-military entities.

Operational Risk and Shaping the Operational Domain of the National Firefighting and Rescue System. Formal and Legal Approach

Author: Paweł Gromek
Institution: The Fire Univesity, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0997-5069
Author: Monika Wojakowska
Institution: The Fire Univesity, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6201-9124
Author: Aleksandra Woźniak
Institution: The Fire Univesity, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2865-8280
Author: Monika Parada
Institution: The Fire Univesity, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0936-7437
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 25-32
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/CEJSS.2023103
PDF: cejss/1/cejss103.pdf

Operational risk is linked to the domain of the national rescue and firefighting system’s operations, from its launch to the present day. The objective of the paper was to specify relations between operational risk and changes in the above mentioned domain. It was proven that the risk concerns hazards having their origin in the interior of the system, on an interface between the system interior and external environment and in the environment. Those threats defined the adaptation policy of the system and, consequently, the gradual expansion of the domain of activities performed within the national rescue and firefighting system. This has become particularly apparent in relation to emergency medical response, as well as rescue operations that involve radiation agents and hazardous biological agents. The results of the conducted research may be used to assess operational risks in relation to other operational systems of the Polish national security system, analyse the policy of their formation and predict changes related to contemporary challenges of the Polish national security (including the armed conflict in Ukraine).

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