Six Thinking Hats

  • Lateral Thinking in the Process of Logistics Students’ Education Using the Example of the EOQ Model

    Author: Paweł Ślaski
    Institution: Military University of Technology (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1950-9910
    Author: Małgorzata Grzelak
    Institution: Military University of Technology (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6296-7098
    Published online: 15 June 2022
    Final submission: 21 April 2022
    Printed issue: 2023
    Source: Show
    Page no: 19
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202216
    PDF: ppsy/51/ppsy202216.pdf

    This paper explores the possibility of using lateral thinking to enhance student learning in higher education. Teams of students formed during classes using the „six thinking hats” method, a concept developed by (de Bono, 1985), analyse a problem posed by the lecturer. This problem involves solving a commonly used economic rule considered in a deterministic environment, the so-called economic order quantity (EOQ) model. Students divided into research teams first solve the problem classically, using elements of differential calculus. In the next stage, they solve the problem using process analysis, re-engineering principles, and a computer application. The most important feature of this stage is the analysis of the problem, so to speak, from the end, i.e., from the definition of the goal, which is to determine the optimal order size of goods in the supply chain at minimum cost. The six thinking hats method is extremely helpful at this stage. The key benefits for students using this type of teaching are related to verifying previous thinking in solving the problem and adopting a creative approach to solving the task. Empirical studies confirm that this type of teaching increases the attractiveness of the class and the satisfaction of acquiring creative thinking skills and provides the satisfaction of solving a complex research problem in a team. Student surveys with a small sample (

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