social movements emergence

  • „I Am Not Going”: Determinants of Social Activity before Poland’s Ghost Election

    Author: Kamila Rezmer-Płotka
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus Univeristy (Poland)
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1458-5076
    Published online: 25 July 2022
    Final submission: 4 May 2022
    Printed issue: 2022
    Source: Show
    Page no: 9
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202202
    PDF: ppsy/51/ppsy202202.pdf

    The article analyses political opposition toward the date of presidential elections and conducting them in the correspondence form on May 10, 2020, in Poland. The study is embedded in the theories of quasi-militant democracy and the emergence of social movements. The method used in the study is the qualitative analysis of media messages of the main news websites in Poland. Mainly in terms of the activity and arguments of citizens against the elections in the form of correspondence. The presidential elections revealed the imperious relationship between the government and citizens in Poland’s becoming quasimilitant democracy. The emphasis was on the elements regarding the organisation of elections on May 10 that could impact a social movement’s emergence. The most significant role in stopping the May 10 elections was played by institutional opposition in the form of local self-governments’ civil disobedience and the Senate’s action, which efficiently blocked the party’s initiative. The article accounts for how election matters determined the social mobilisation and activity of the new social movement. This paper’s main finding is that institutional opposition may prevail over the social one in the pandemic.

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