• Terrorism and Media – an Interactive Modelling of a Message: the Research Framework

    Author: Alicja Stańco-Wawrzyńska
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland), War Studies University in Warsaw (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 328-336
    DOI Address:
    PDF: ppsy/46-1/ppsy2017121.pdf

    The report presents theoretical framework of relationships between terrorist organisations and media, and it describes them as an interactive modelling of a message. It introduces the concept of mediatisation of terrorism, and it offers a definition of this process. Moreover, the report develops it with six theoretical hypotheses related to: influence of media on selection of terrorists’ targets, adaptation of an act of terror to the ‘logic of media communication’, personalisation of terrorism and celebritisation of terrorists, creation of biased and oversimplified stereotypes, transformation of terrorist objectives into catch-phrases, as well as a role of political violence in agenda-setting of main news broadcasts. The presented concept will be verified in the ongoing comprehensive, quantitative-and-qualitative study on mediatisation of terrorism in American television, that will investigate the process between September 11, 2001 and the Boston Marathon Bombing in 2013. 

  • The Enemy Stereotype in the Political Activity – Theoretical Reflections

    Author: Sabina Olszyk
    Institution: Pedagogical University of Cracow
    Year of publication: 2015
    Source: Show
    Pages: 17-36
    DOI Address:
    PDF: apsp/48/apsp4802.pdf

    The concept of the enemy stereotype, which is permanently present in colloquial, journalistic, and academic discussions, has not been scientifically analysed so far. In this article, an attempt to provide a definition of “the enemy stereotype” as an independent linguistic being has been made. The stages of this term taking shape in the political reality have also been presented. The article has strictly theoretical nature, and is based on scientific achievements in the fields of research related to stereotypes and hostility. In the author’s opinion, the analysis of the phenomenon of stereotyping carried out from a sociological, psychological, and linguistic point of view is necessary. A reflection on the issue of hostility in general, and on the image of the enemy in political activities in particular is also fundamental.

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