surveillance

  • Dangerous, Yet Not So Unique. Characteristics of the Chinese Social Credit System

    Author: Jan Pabisiak
    Institution: University of Wrocław, Poland
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6102-4389
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 30-53
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020303
    PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020303.pdf

    Since 2015, the Social Credit System - an initiative of the government of the People’s Republic of China which aims to strengthen trustworthiness of the business entities and citizens, promote obedience to law and customs, and develop the Communist Party of China’s control over social trends and potential threats to the political stability - has been attracting worldwide attention. International media portrays the System as a mechanism which leads China to totalitarianism and destroys hope for development of the Chinese democratic movement. Therefore, interests of both sides, the West and China, are seen as contradictory. Harmful beliefs like the one that Chinese still export products of poor quality and on the Chinese side that the Western ideals lead to demoralization are common thanks to some sort of Occidental and Oriental propaganda. That is why it is necessary to compile and analyze the known facts regarding the Social Credit System, which in contrast to the media narration turns out to be a tool with interesting capabilities, not necessarily contradictory to the other major civilizations’ values.

  • Konstytucyjny wymiar kontroli inwigilacyjnej polityki państwa na przykładzie Stanów Zjednoczonych Ameryki

    Author: Paweł Laidler
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1338-3285
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 331-341
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.03.22
    PDF: ppk/61/ppk6122.pdf

    Constitutional Oversight of Government Surveillance in the United States

    The aim of the article is the analysis of constitutional oversightof the government surveillance in the United States. Referring to Snowden affair and COVID-19 surveillance, the Author discusses the challenges faced by the legislative and judicial branches in pursuing control over the executive’s national security policies. Focusing on the rule of secrecy and other constitutional doctrines and privileges, he tries to explain why effective control of government surveillance is today impossible.

  • The Issue of Surveillance Carried Out by Technical Means Within the Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights and the Constitutional Tribunal

    Author: Filip Radoniewicz
    Institution: War Studies Academy in Warsaw
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7917-4059
    Year of publication: 2021
    Source: Show
    Pages: 291-301
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2021.06.23
    PDF: ppk/64/ppk6423.pdf

    The importance of surveillance carried out by state authorities - especially in connection with the increasing threat of terrorism - is not disputable. State authorities, inciting the need to ensure the security of the state and citizens, often take measures to limit human rights, including, above all, the right to privacy. This paper aims to present the most important judgments delivered by the European Court of Human Rights based on Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (sanctioning the right to respect for private life) regarding surveillance and the position of the Court in this matter. Of course, the article also presents the position on the surveillance of the Polish Constitutional Tribunal.

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