sustainability

United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals and the Most Important Utilitarian Values. Social Security Approach

Author: Pawel Gromek
Institution: Main School of Fire Service
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0997-5069
Author: Tadeusz Kęsoń
Institution: Main School of Fire Service
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7047-7811
Published online: 17 September 2021
Final submission: 17 September 2021
Printed issue: 2021
Source: Show
Page no: 18
Pages: 157-174
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202146
PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202146.pdf

2030 Agenda constitutes a comprehensive framework for sustainable development. Nevertheless, not all sustainable development goals properly match the most important utilitarian values (human life and health). It is especially noticeable in terms of disasters and crises, which commonly determine social security. The research objective is to indicate the placement of the values in the particular goals. The systematic literature review indicates 47 information sources. That enables an in-depth analysis of the goals and social security specification elements, highlighting the direct or indirect character of relevant relations. The gaps can be identified considering the social character of the goals, characteristic hazards, danger to human life, and health and urgency of the response. In most cases, the relations between the goals and the values are indirect. They can be improved with a potentially positive influence on sustainable development in all circumstances (including the most dangerous ones). The goals specification states many references for the improvement in a synergistic way respecting the most important utilitarian values, especially in zero hunger, good health and well-being, sustainable cities and communities, climate action, partnership for the goals.

The Dispute about the Future: Anthropocene and Sustainability as a Challenge

Author: Christoph Wulf
Institution: Freie Universität Berlin
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 13-24
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.04.01
PDF: kie/134/kie13401.pdf

The upcoming transformations of today’s societies into sustainable societies pose numerous problems. To avoid the destruction of the foundations of life in the Anthropocene, a profound social and cultural transformation encompassing all areas of life is required. To know how this can be accomplished requires extensive research and knowledge, the reliability of which plays an important role. The more open and diverse the global world becomes, the more difficult it is to determine which facts are important and what consequences can be drawn from them for human action. Instead of a reflexive approach to the results of scientific research, today one often encounters a populist approach to science. Its results are used to support preconceived opinions. One is not interested in new findings but aims at the disparagement of people of other opinions and their hateful insult. A destructive division of society is the result of the debates that are so important for the future of humanity.

Limit zadłużenia z art. 216 ust. 5 Konstytucji RP w dobie pandemii wirusa COVID-19 oraz w obliczu agresji Rosji na Ukrainę

Author: Łukasz Kielin
Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0046-9477
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 39-50
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2023.02.03
PDF: ppk/72/ppk7203.pdf

Debt Limit from Article 216(5) of the Polish Constitution in Times of the COVID-19 Pandemic and the Russian-Ukrainian Conflict

The purpose of this article is to analyse proposed amendments to the debt limit from Article 216(5) of the Polish Constitution. The constitutionalization of the above limit raised many concerns and doubts, which returned in times the COVID-19 virus and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in 2022. In the ongoing debate in recent years, it was proposed to raise reference value of debt to 90% of GDP or to exclude defence spending from the rigour of the constitutional rule. Undertaking an assessment of the proposed amendments the author first discusses the ratio legis of the fiscal rule and the problem of its application in extraordinary situations. The analysis allows the conclusion that undoubtedly the constitutional debt limit should be amended, however the above proposals do not solve the essence of the problem and thus do not deserve to be taken into account.

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