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Zachowanie tajemnicy spowiedzi w sprawach karnych, cywilnych i administracyjnych jako warunek realizacji konstytucyjnego prawa do wolności sumienia i religii

Author: Piotr K. Sowiński
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2210-5877
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 217-228
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2022.04.17
PDF: ppk/68/ppk6817.pdf

Confessional Secrecy in Criminal, Civil and Administrative Cases as a Condition for the Implementation of the Constitutional Right to Freedom of Conscience and Religion

The text is devoted to the issue of protection of the secret of confession provided on the basis of criminal trial, civil and administration process. This secret is the immanent element of the rites of persons exercising their freedom of conscience and religion under Art. 53 sec. 1 of the Constitution. Freedom of conscience and religion is one of the most important. The differences in the approach to clergy witnesses and possible solutions for the unification of mechanisms governing their interrogation were presented.

Tempus et locus otwarcia testamentu w prawie rzymskim

Author: Sławomir Kursa
Institution: SWPS Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 182-195
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tpn2018.2.09
PDF: tpn/14/TPN2018209.pdf

Like all official activities, also the opening of a will was carried out in the time and place provided by law. They were the resultant of various factors, such as the place and circumstances of the death of the testator, the time of funeral, as well as the accessibility of the will itself, witnesses to its preparation and physical presence of the official for whom the procedure of opening the will had to be carried out. In each case, there were widely available places, because the opening of a will was public. This article considers the regulations regarding the time of legal opening of a will, in particular the precedence of the funeral of the deceased testator. Next explains the factors determining the place of the opening of the will, among others, the territorial competence of state officials in this respect, the availability of the witnesses of the will and the place of its storage.

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