The Republic of Poland

Sprawa katyńska w podręcznikach polskich i rosyjskich na przełomie XX i XXI wieku

Author: Henryk Składanowski
Institution: Toruńska Wyższa Szkoła Przedsiębiorczości, Poland
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 171-187
DOI Address:
PDF: npw/11/npw2016211.pdf

Katyn crime, also known as the Katyn massacre, was one of those historical facts that were kept secret for a very long time. From 1943 when it was revealed to 1990 the soviet Union denied their responsibility for the massacre. Eventually, publishing the original documents on the order of Borys Jecyn and handing tchem down to Poland on 14 October 1992 definitely confirmed the perpetrators of the crime. In the historic consciousness of both Polish and Russian societies there are still many questions and doubts about “the background of the picture” of Katyn crime. Therefore I found it very sensible to analyze the problem of Katyn crime in various history course books in Poland and Russia.

After the collapse of the communist political system both countries Poland and Russia introduced new history course books in all types of schools. The new course books not only mention the problem of Katyn crime but also say who was responsible for it. However, the Russians try to neutralize the crime by so called anti-Katyn, emphasizing the death of several thousands of Soviet soldiers imprisoned in Poland in the war of 1920 and after it.

Представництво національних меншин Польщі в органах державної влади

Author: Світлана Матвієнків (Svitlana Matviіenkiv)
Institution: Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 281-301
DOI Address:
PDF: ksm/36/ksm3616.pdf

Representation of National Minorities of Poland in the Bodies of State Power

The question of the participation of all the public groups of the country in representative bodies of all levels is relevant to any state. However, the most difficult task is to represent the representative body of interests of national minorities. Different countries have come up with a different solution to this issue. The problem of the representation of national minorities in the authorities is for both traditionally multi-ethnic states and for countries that are reasonably homogeneous in the ethnic plan. This problem will persist as long as there are nations, nationalities, national minorities. People always seek to identify themselves with a particular community, and national identification is the most acceptable. The threat of assimilation of national minorities greatly enhances the desire to preserve its national identity, which always goes into the area of political relations and the need for political decision-making. This article analyzes the current problem of representation of national minorities in the legislative bodies of the Republic of Poland. The aim of the study was to analyze the participation of minority groups in the political (in particular, electoral) process of the state through the formation of ethnic elites and ethnopolitical parties. To complete the selected topic, the following tasks were set: to substantiate the place and the role of national minorities in the socio-political life of the state, to analyze the creation of political parties by individual national minorities and their participation in parliamentary and municipal elections. It is concluded that at the present stage all nationalities living in Poland are disproportionately represented in the state legislative bodies.

Demonstracyjne okazywanie lekceważenia w miejscu publicznym Narodowi Polskiemu, Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej lub jej konstytucyjnym organom a wolność wyrażania poglądów

Author: Maria Gołda-Sobczak
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adma Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 168-188
DOI Address:
PDF: tpn/8/TPN2015109.pdf

Public manifestation of disregard for the Polish nation, the Republic of Poland and its constitutional authorities is a misdemeanor. Such disregard is not within the scope of the freedom of public debate. Such disregard is not within the concept of insult.

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