“The Property Has Been Fiercely Divided” between the Authorities in Russia and the Capital Is a “Tasty Morsel” for the People Who Govern it – the current economic situation in Moscow

Author: Natalia Gburzyńska
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń (Poland)
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 348–362
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2014020
PDF: ppsy/43/ppsy2014020.pdf

This article refers to the contemporary situation in the Russian economy and in the Russian capital economy. Economy in Russia is based on the extraction of raw materials. However, in 2010 economic forecasts for the country were optimistic. In this period economic development was strong and the country became a member of the BRICS group. One of the issues of the Russian Federation economy was the backing of the old system. Most investments were focused on the energy sector when in the public sector the changes were smaller. To increase revenues and funds big reforms are necessary and new investments. One possibility to improve the economic situation is to focus on greater extraction of raw materials. Another option is to resign from a monocultural economy. The situation in Moscow is better than the general economic situation in the Russian Federation. GDP increased regularly. In 2008 Russia took 15th place in the ranking of the hundred largest cities GDP. Th e Moscow economy is based especially on the trade of energy resources. Moreover, profi t is gained from business activities and industry. The level of unemployment in Moscow is the lowest in comparison to all regions. In the capital city it fluctuates between 0,5% and 1%. A major problem in the capital city is the constant immigration from other part of the Federation and other foreign countries. In majority, people who come to Moscow are the job seekers. Also the signifi cant problem is ubiquitous corruption.

Położenie ludności żydowskiej w Polsce po II wojnie światowej w świetle sprawozdania Komisarza Rządu ds. Produktywizacji Ludności Żydowskiej

Author: Katarzyna Flisak
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 21-38
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201502
PDF: ksm/20/ksm201502.pdf

This document presents the report of the Commissioner of the Government for the Jewish population in Poland, which includes the period from the establishment of the Office 8 August 1946 to 22 June 1947. The task of the Government Commissioner was to help in the reconstruction of the Jewish population in postwar Poland. The Commissioner was responsible for repatriation of the Jewish people assistance in gaining employment and qualifications. He also undertook activities connected with social welfare, education, as well as emigration. In his report he also referred to a wide diversity of Jewish population in terms of political and organizational issues. This document also contains information about the organization of the Commission Government Office, and its cooperation with the authorities of the State administration and the Jewish organizations in Poland.

Таможенный союз и развитие миграционных процессов в Кыргызстане

Author: Nyrgylya K. Isakova
Institution: Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Russia
Author: Kumen I. Isakov
Institution: Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Russia
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 145-152
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016209
PDF: npw/11/npw2016209.pdf

The article discusses the impact of the Customs Union on the development of migration processes in Kyrgyzstan.

Rynek pracy w Polsce a pandemia COVID-19 jako wyzwanie dla polityki społecznej i jej polityk szczegółowych

Author: Jacek Szkurłat
Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego Kielce
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3645-5723
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 191-205
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip202111
PDF: cip/19/cip1911.pdf

Pandemia COVID-19 jest czynnikiem, który może w znaczącym stopniu zmienić sytuację na rynku pracy w Polsce. Obecnie – choć poza sporem pozostaje to, że takie przekształcenia nastąpią – można jednakże mówić raczej o pewnych prognozach co do przewidywanych kierunków i stopnia możliwych modyfikacji w tym zakresie, a finalny ich stan będzie efektem tak czasu trwania swoistego „zawieszenia” działalności szeregu firm, ale i pracowników, jak i efektywności podejmowanych działań – zarówno w sferze medycznej, jak i ekonomicznej, czy społecznej. Przedstawiony artykuł jest jednym z głosów w dyskusji na wskazany temat, toczącej się w przestrzeni publicznej, której celem jest nie tylko wskazanie potencjalnych wektorów rozwoju rynku pracy w trakcie i po trwającej pandemii, ale także zidentyfikowanie jego głównych problemów. Bowiem to właśnie w okresach znacznego pogorszenia koniunktury ujawniają się nieprawidłowości i zaniedbania, które mogą mieć istotny wpływ na rynek pracy i jego uczestników.

Social Non-Economic Effects of Education on The Level of Crime

Author: Štefan Hronec
Institution: Matej Bel University
Author: Beáta Mikušová Meričková
Institution: Matej Bel University
Author: Jana Hroncová Vicianová
Institution: Matej Bel University
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 43-56
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.
PDF: tner/201404/tner3803.pdf

The aim of the study is to quantitatively analyze and confirm the existence of a relationship of direct and indirect dependence between the number of crimes committed, or the number of persons sentenced, as the case may be, and selected factors such as expenditure on education, educational structure of population, average length of study and unemployment rate (which is directly related to education). Fulfilment of the aim assumes validation of the research assumption in the form of a hypothesis, the source of the hypothesis being partial theories of a relationship between education and crime. The hypothesis assumes the existence of a relationship of mutual direct non-linear and linear dependence between selected factors. The object of quantitative analysis is a sample from 15 EU countries. The key methods of scientific research are the methods of classification analysis, comparison and abstraction in the formation of a theoretical and methodological framework for addressing the issue; methods of quantitative analysis using statistical methods for processing and evaluation of information in validation of the hypothesis in the application section of the study and methods of synthesis and partial induction in drawing conclusions of the research. Specification of education as the public sector branch of key importance from the viewpoint of society development by public investments for its protection from sociopathic behaviours and particularly crime is an expected benefit. The contribution is an output of the sub-project KEGA 037 UMB - 4/2013 Innovative Study Programme Social Economy and Entrepreneurship.

Assessment of the Labour Market During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Author: Anna Borucka
Institution: Military University of Technology (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7892-9640
Author: Marta Chapska
Institution: Military University of Technology (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1802-8602
Author: Ewa Żaboklicka
Institution: Military University of Technology (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4711-6567
Author: Rafał Parczewski
Institution: Military University of Technology (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2603-0596
Published online: 30 July 2022
Final submission: 24 May 2022
Printed issue: 2022
Source: Show
Page no: 17
Pages: 149-164
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202236
PDF: ppsy/51/ppsy202236-10.pdf

The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted governments to take radical measures to contain the virus and protect their citizens. These included successive restrictions on social distance, which have led to closing many enterprises in various industries and dismissing their employees. Introducing restrictions has significantly weakened many countries’ economies. Stock markets have noted sharp declines. Therefore, public protection has led to severe consequences for the labour market. Attempts at defining them have been undertaken in the body of literature. However, they focus mainly on analysing selected indicators. According to the authors, it is worth analysing the correlation between the number of deaths as the variable that best reflects the disease’s severity and selected unemployment rates. It was assumed that the number of deaths is a factor significantly distinguishing the periods before and after the pandemic. Therefore, it is possible to assess the correlation between the pandemic and the labour market condition.

Analiza i ocena osiągnięć gospodarczych Polski w latach 1989 – 2015

Author: Emil Nowakowski
Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 347-371
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201519
PDF: siip/14/siip1419.pdf

Analysis and evaluation of the economic achievements of Polish in the years 1989 – 2015

The article presents a brief overview of the balance of the effects of the economic transformation in Poland, in the last 25 years. The text of the article consists of three parts. Firstly, a brief description of the circumstances of the legislation constituting the foundation for the construction of a capitalist economy in Poland. The second part is to present Polish macroeconomic indicators compared to selected other countries. The third part is the presentation of data on the impact of economic development on the Polish living standards of the country. On the basis of this analysis conclusions were drawn. They concern the Polish economic growth compared to other post-socialist countries, and the material situation of the Polish population

Absolwenci w kleszczach kryzysów? Analiza sytuacji osób kończących studia na tle przemian rynku pracy

Author: Marta Chyła
Institution: Kujawsko-Pomorska Szkoła Wyższa w Bydgoszczy
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 135-148
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.08
PDF: kie/97/kie9708.pdf

Graduates Caught by Crises? Analysis of the Situation Faced by People Finishing Education in Relation to the Transformations on the Labour Market

The article presents analysis and auto-analysis of the chances of the pedagogy students on the labour market. Only students that have finished their education between years 2006 and 2009 were considered. In these years polish labour market was between two financial crises, that could have been visible in unemployment rate, room 2004, very high unemployment rate systematically dropped, until in 2008 it reached the lowest rate since the political transformation. However, global financial crisis that begun in USA, started to affect the situation in Poland and at the beginning of 2009 unemployment started to rise. In addition to this, some global tendencies on labour market appeared, among them, deterioration of the young people situation. Despite, the examined students have finished their studies when the unemployment rate was relatively low, they chances to find dream job was not very optimistic. They have found themselves in a trap between crises, their ambitions and between the market opportunities.

Bezrobotni 50+ na rynku pracy – trudności zatrudnieniowe oraz wybrane działania wspomagające

Author: Lidia Domańska
Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 213-233
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.04.12
PDF: kie/97/kie9712.pdf

The Unemployed Over the Age of 50 on the Labour Market – Employment Difficulties and Chosen Supportive Actions

The author deals in her article with situation of the unemployed over 50 years of age on labour market. She presents structure of this population and its place in the unemployment as a whole. The article describes occurrence of ageism, i.e. unequal treatment of this group on labour market. Employment rate of this group in Poland is one of the lowest amongst the European Union countries. The author pays attention to progressive demographic changes and the need of opening labour market to people at the age of 50 and more. This is a special group of the unemployed, which should be included in labour force. Stereotypical thinking of employers about fewer abilities of older people compared with group of 24-year-olds, is the lingering myth of Polish society. Long-term labour market policy should eliminate discriminatory actions, encourage employing people in this age group and emphasize the significance of work experience.

Fenomen Grudziądza. Przypadek miasta bez uczelni wyższej

Author: Agnieszka Uniewska
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Author: Filip Nalaskowski
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 201-216
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2013.03.10
PDF: kie/96/kie9610.pdf

The Phenomenon of Grudziądz. The Case of a City without a Higher Education Facility

The article is an attempt of characteristic – Grudziądz as a specific educational environment - phenomenon. As it was proved, Grudziądz is the biggest (almost 100 000 citizens, #40 in the biggest Polish cities list) city with no own university. This status might be both a cause and a result of other city’s problems. First of all – Grudziądz has the highest unemployment rate among all Polish cities – over 23%. Secondly Grudziądz has less investments than other cities in that region. Moreover, thirdly, there’s an proved opinion, that Grudziądz is unpopulating and is so called “town for a rent”. Situation on a educational market and a general economic and social condition causes in specific choices of young Grudziądzans. 1. They plan higher education more often. 2. They declare different set of majors than young Poles in general. Dominating faculties are: medicine, law, education, economics, architecture. 3. We’re finding a huge different – again in comparison to a general data – in a category of school type. Domination of universities, and no private universities. 4. Major – over 78% – chose regular full time studies. Specific a above mentioned choices indicates conservative and safe approach to youths future. Moreover it proves a responsibility. What’s even more important those date may be related to an information about leaving family home plans – that is why we may call it the accelerated adulthood and independence.

The Risks of the Present Youth Subcultures in the View of Social Pedagogy and Social Work

Author: Peter Jusko
Institution: Matej Bel University
Year of publication: 2005
Source: Show
Pages: 35-43
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.
PDF: tner/200501/tner503.pdf

The contribution analyzes the most important risks of the present youth subcultures and the opportunities for social work and social pedagogy with regard to the problems of youth subcultures. The basic characteristics of youth subcultures is described as well as their social development, types and forms. The central meaning is inscribed to the possibilities of interdisciplinary coaction of social pedagogy and social work when solving specific problems of youth subcultures in the process of socialization during free time or at the penetration of social deviations. A specific attention is paid to the definition of the professional roles of social workers and social pedagogues in relation to the risky youth subcultures.

Poverty and Social Exclusion of Romany People in Slovakia

Author: Anna Žilová
Institution: Matej Bel University Banská Bystrica, Slovak Republic
Year of publication: 2005
Source: Show
Pages: 113-125
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.
PDF: tner/200502/tner611.pdf

Poverty, material need in Slovakia, and particularly among Romany population, is one of the biggest present day problems. This article deals with social exclusion and poverty of Romany people, its expression in selected areas of their life including the value of labour. Theoretical analysis is illustrated by the results of regional and Slovak-wide research.

The Education – Unemployment Relationship in the Slovak Republic: An Analysis with Special Regard to Economic Education

Author: Martin Hronec
Institution: Matej Bel University
Year of publication: 2007
Source: Show
Pages: 115-126
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.
PDF: tner/200701/tner1110.pdf

The contribution is focused on the analysis between education and unemployment in the Slovak Republic. There is a reciprocal proportion between education and unemployment: the lower education, the higher unemployment. It is especially typical of long-term unemployment which is highest at the lowest level of basic education. In Slovakia, young people’s unemployment rate in the age range of 15–24 is three times higher in comparison with the OECD countries. The situation necessitates a quick solution. The education level of people and a constant rise of qualifications belong to basic assumptions needed for a decrease of unemployment, an increase in labour market flexibility, and a development of national economy.

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