upbringing

Kształtowanie koncentracji, empatii, odwagi i odpowiedzialności przez zajęcia plenerowe z czasowym wyłączaniem percepcji wzrokowej

Author: Michał Sadowski
Institution: AWF w Warszawie
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 215-232
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201612
PDF: ksm/21/ksm201612.pdf

The ability to focus, empathy, courage and responsibility are important determinants affecting the development of pro-social behavior. In the modern education system, they are rarely appreciated. They are being pushed away, often far from pragmatism and academic knowledge. In the same time the modern world needs a person able to see deeper and more thorough, that is able to discover what seems to be hidden from the sight of others.

The aim of this study was to verify the usefulness of field activities in the development of selected social attitudes. The participants moved around with their eyes closed assisted by their colleagues. The study was conducted during the obligatory winter camps of the Faculty of Tourism and Recreation in the Academy of Physical Education in Warsaw in 2014–2016. 86 students were tested, amongst them there were 37 women and 49 men. The experimental group consisted of people carrying out their snowboard training and experiencing temporary shutdown of visual perception during the activity. The results were compared with tests carried out on the third and fourth stage of education. The basic research method was a pedagogical experiment, that involved participant observation tool. To collect more detailed data a diagnostic survey was also used. The study used collecting material techniques – a survey, a complementary interview and a video recording the behavior of respondents during the activities. People with experience in practicing snowboarding with eyes closed (experimental group) did much better in difficult terrain showing lower level of feelings of anxiety and greater courage, composure and accuracy in performing given tasks. Respondents playing the guide role presented rarely seen in everyday situations empathetic attitude in response to their colleagues stress reactions. The results allow to draw conclusion that the use of similar activities at different levels of education can be an effective tool in building positives interpersonal relationships in educational institutions and beyond. Studies show that getting such effects as increased levels of concentration, accuracy in action, coping with stress – which connects to more effectively undertaken in difficult conditions – can be possible only through systematic training using a temporary shutdown of visual perception.

 

Pisarze literatury dziecięcej – ich rola w kształtowaniu postaw z rozważań o przyjaźni

Author: Jan Czechowski
Institution: Uczelnia Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa im. rtm. Witolda Pileckiego w Oświęcimiu
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 67-82
DOI Address: -
PDF: kim/2016_2/kim2016206.pdf

Writers of the children’s fiction – their role in the forming of attitudes from deliberations about the friendship
Abstract: Evoked values in work addressed to the young recipient are meeting the needs of the moral, cognitive, social, ethical nature among others well understandable – aesthetic. Writers creating works for children and teenagers are revealing the truth about the life, moral dilemmas and the solitude of the man. Authors of children’s books are provoking the reflective thinking of the reader, deepening his knowledge about oneself, world and other people in the process. In the present text the main theme constitutes the issue of the attitude which is developing within the friendship. Writers, writing works for the young recipient, are directing the linguistic announcement which simultaneously is a transmitter of specific values in their work. Into literary works values which refer for bringing up the process of teaching the value are written down. It is possible to accept proposals of attitudes prose writers writing for children and poets are including which in their works, or to oppose to them. Probably however it isn’t possible to stay in view of contents come across in the children’s fiction indifferent.

Myśl polityczna polskiego konspiracyjnego ruchu narodowego w czasie II wojny światowej

Author: mgr Piotr Kurzawa
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 324-354
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201716
PDF: siip/16/siip1616.pdf

Political thought of polish underground national movement during World War II

Nationalists were one of the numerous Polish political movements during World War II. Actively engaging in the fight against the occupying forces, they suffered heavy losses, but does not prevent them in the creation of significant heritage in the field of political thought. The aim of the article is to present the political thought of Polish national movement during the Second World War. Historical, qualitative and comparative methods were used. The whole has been divided into several parts,, in which author examines the with issues of political thought as: Polish war aims, vision of state borders, ratio to national minorities, vision of the political system, economic vision, vision of national security, education and upbringing. The whole article has to show how rich the heritage of those generations.

Upbringing and Socialization in the Contemporary Family

Author: Blahoslav Kraus
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 40-49
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2016.46.4.03
PDF: tner/201604/tner20160403.pdf

This article looks into the process of socialization and upbringing in contemporary families. First, it describes the contemporary family, which has gone through a major transformation, just like the whole society. The contemporary family is characterized by destabilization, democratization, and disintegration, and all these problems affect the upbringing of children and the process of socialization.

Edukacja i inne procesy wspierające kształtowanie kompetencji międzykulturowych - ujęcie teoretyczne i praktyczne

Author: Joanna Sacharczuk
Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6031-1167
Author: Alina Szwarc
Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3075-5872
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 91-109
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2020.01.06
PDF: kie/127/kie12706.pdf

In this article, through the prism of broadly understood education, we attempt to analyze one of the extremely important and needed contemporary issues, which are intercultural competences. We assume that in the process of shaping them, in addition to content selection, methods of education are also very important. The above thesis is supported by the example of the „Kochana nasza klaso” project implemented by Dariusz SzadaBorzyszkowski at the prison in Bialystok. Such activities can constitute an interesting offer addressed to participants of intercultural activities, based on education, involving in educational and socialization elements. They are also extremely effective in social rehabilitation activities.

Rodzina jako miejsce kontaktów międzypokoleniowych w opinii uczniów szkół ponadgimnazjalnych powiatu cieszyńskiego

Author: Katarzyna Jas
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 180-193
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2019.02.12
PDF: em/11/em1112.pdf

Celem tego opracowania jest zwrócenie uwagi na znaczenie, jakie aktualnie przypisują młodzi ludzie oddziaływaniom socjalizacyjno-wychowawczym dziadków. Głównym obszarem rozważań staje się rodzina jako miejsce międzypokoleniowych kontaktów. W celu ukazania szczególnego rodzaju relacji międzygeneracyjnych autorka odwołuje się do wyników badań zespołowych przeprowadzonych na pograniczu polsko-czeskim. Środowisko rodzinne stanowi najważniejszą przestrzeń, w której żyje człowiek, uczestnicząc w jej przetrwaniu, zachowaniu ciągłości i rozwoju. Za Robertem Mertonem autorka przyjmuje rozumienie rodziny jako najważniejszego pasma transmisyjnego, służącego przekazywaniu wzorców kulturowych następnemu pokoleniu.

Kultura szkoły w narracji dziecka. Pomiędzy szansą a zagrożeniem dla rozwoju dziecka-ucznia

Author: Kinga Konieczny-Pizoń
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6203-8651
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 169-184
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.01.10
PDF: kie/131/kie13110.pdf

In the article, I focus on the elements of school’s culture, which is present in the narrative of the child’s student, embedding my reflections in the psychocultural approach to education (J.S. Bruner) and the Goffman’s model of total institutions. The collision of the child’s world, created by the culture of the family environment with the culture of the school, brings with it many tensions and imperatives for the constant reconstruction of meanings so far (un) present in his biographical experience. The analysis and interpretation of the child’s narrative interview in a constructivist approach has allowed to gather knowledge about patterns of behavior, prohibitions, precepts, expectations and values that the school culture overtly or covertly imposes on the child, socializing him/her into the role of a student. The cultural aspects taken up in the child’s narrative show what elements of the school’s cultural world represent opportunities and threats for the development of his or her identity and personality towards a sense of causality and values.

Man as a subject of cognition in the perspective of pedagogical anthropology - Georgy Shchedrovitsky’s anthropological ideas and searches

Author: Andrei Harbatski
Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5098-0949
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 91-102
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2021.02.05
PDF: em/15/em1505.pdf

Aktualnie antropologia pedagogiczna staje się integralną dyscypliną w procesie edukacyjnym. Człowiek jest badany z punktu widzenia historii i kultury, w okresie przemian politycznych i ekonomicznych oraz na każdym poziomie rozwoju społecznego. Współczesny świat jest niezwykle różnorodny i niejednoznaczny. Narastają nierówności społeczne na wszystkich poziomach, rośnie liczba ubogich, pojawiły się nowe światowe problemy migracji i uchodźców. Zobowiązuje to również antropologię pedagogiczną, aby pomagała pedagogom w szybkim i skutecznym rozwiązywaniu palących problemów związanych z edukacją i wychowaniem. Artykuł pokazuje, jak prace naukowe rosyjskiego filozofa Jerzego Szczedrowickiego mogą pomóc współczesnej antropologii pedagogicznej. Podano ogólną ocenę wkładu J. Szczedrowickiego w rozwój antropologii pedagogicznej i zwrócono uwagę na aktualność praktyk naukowych naukowca, które nie straciły aktualnie na znaczeniu i mogą być wykorzystywane zarówno w pedagogice, antropologii pedagogicznej, jak i edukacji międzykulturowej.

On Giving Meaning to Family Life: An Educational Essay

Author: Katarzyna Segiet
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3044-1814
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 9-24
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.02.01
PDF: kie/132/kie13201.pdf

The author addresses cognitively important issues concerning values and activities conducive to their development in the family, which is the basic factor in shaping the personality of a child. We are living in the times of globalization, when the importance of family and values passed on by it are being underestimated in various ways. Globalization has caused an enormous confusion of values. The old, traditional values are often outdated, while the new, incomprehensible ones, interfere with the process of upbringing. Additionally, relativism dominating the society has become the basis for blurring the boundaries between what is moral and what is immoral. The aim of this article is to draw attention to the special role of values in the process of upbringing and to stimulate actions supporting the family through education and prevention. The above considerations lead to the conclusion that the family is an important value in the life of a child. It constitutes their most important environment for development and upbringing. Nevertheless, it requires help and support from the state. But above all, we cannot just be passive witnesses of our children’s development these days.

Особливості материнства та дитинства у період війни: соціально-філософський аналіз

Author: Марія Лугова (Mariia Luhova)
Institution: Харківський національний педагогічний університет імені Г. С. Сковороди магістр психологічних наук (H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2687-9239
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 107-116
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/PPUSN.2022.02.11
PDF: pomi/05/pomi511.pdf

Problems of motherhood and childhood during the war: socio-philosophical analysis

Mother and child are unique structures whose connection is socially and biologically determined, as well as necessary for their full existence. The article considers the peculiarities of the situation of motherhood and childhood during the war, from the point of view of philosophical science, on the example of the war in Ukraine in 2022. An analysis of the literature on the location of the studied objects during the First and Second World Wars. The peculiarities of women’s reproductive health during the war have been studied on the example of historical references from the siege of Leningrad. The peculiarities of the psychological state of children who have experienced war have been identified, and the prospects for the development of such children have been described. Categories of children who received «war trauma» have been developed. The family in wartime is a mirror of the dynamic processes in society. Parental or maternal instinct – is essential in ensuring the viability of children. Mature maternal identity is able to ensure the harmonious existence of two personalities – mother and child. The concept of PTSD is studied. The mechanisms of stress on the human body as a balanced biological system are described. Philosophical approaches to the issue of death and war are studied. Death is considered the most mysterious phenomenon of philosophical thought, which is considered taboo in society. In terms of historical retrospect, the attitude to death is changing, which is a natural result of the development of science. War is seen as a controversial component of society, but with mostly negative consequences in both social and economic aspects. Paying attention to the devastating consequences of any war, both material and psycho-emotional, one can find archaic origins. The fear of war is a reflection of the deep fear of death. Peculiarities of philosophical concepts concerning the phenomenon of care are analyzed. Recommendations for the upbringing of a positive personality of a child during the war are given. Conclusions are drawn about the consequences of each war for any community. War, in a broad sense, is an instantaneous start of dynamic processes in society, which is expressed in all areas of human life. The worst damage to war is to children. From an early age, children can store and interpret memories of past events, and thus become aware of the surrounding reality. The mother is a key resource for the child’s sense of security, as well as a guarantee of its comprehensive and harmonious development, even in times of war.

Rodzina z pominiętym pokoleniem: doświadczenia życiowe dziadków wychowujących wnuki

Author: Joanna Borowik
Institution: Uniwersytet w Białymstoku
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4683-4292
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 148-164
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.03.08
PDF: kie/137/kie13708.pdf

A family with a skipped generation: the lived experiences of grandparents raising grandchildren

Aim: In the last decade, many countries around the world have seen an increase in the number of skip-generation families in which grandparents take over the responsibility of raising grandchildren. The phenomenon described is also becoming more common in Poland. This article presents selected results of a study aimed at better understanding the experiences of grandparents raising grandchildren in skipped generation families. Methods: Participants were purposively selected from grandparents raising grandchildren living in skipped generation families in the Podlaskie Province. Data were collected through semi-structured in-depth interviews with 20 participants. The use of a biographical perspective in the research provided detailed narratives of the life experiences of older grandparents in skip generation families. Results and conclusions: The grandparents’ stories show the duality of experience consisting simultaneously of stress/satisfaction, sadness/joy, being seen/not seen. Addressing the issues faced by grandparents living in households with the skipped generation is important as it can reduce stress levels. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a model of support for grandparents raising grandchildren in skipped generation households which could be relevant for adapting to a new life situation and increasing psychological well-being.

Особливості виховання культури поведінки дітей дошкільного віку в умовах закладу дошкільної освіти

Author: Світлана Гарбар
Institution: Уманський державний педагогічний університет імені Павла Тичини
ORCID: https//orcid.org/0000-0003-3013-2015
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 70-78
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ve.2022.03.07
PDF: ve/3/ve307.pdf

Features of Education of Culture of Behavior of Children of Older Preschool Age in the Conditions of Preschool Education

The relevance of the study is due to the importance of the period of preschool childhood in the upbringing and education of the child and the creation of conditions and prerequisites for harmonious, full-fledged development. The article actualizes the problem of education of culture of behavior of preschool children. The article is aimed at highlighting the peculiarities of fostering a culture of behavior of preschool children. Research methods: theoretical (analysis of literature on research problems), empirical (pedagogical observations). The essence and content of the concept of research are clarified, namely: «culture of behavior», which is defined as a way for a child to perform actions and actions that meet the moral and aesthetic requirements of society, is reflected in the confirmation of expected expectations on the part of adults, peers and ensures his personal growth. It was clarified that preschool age is a period of intensive socialization of the child’s personality, gaining life experience, when there is an active interest in relationships with other people, there is a need to familiarize with certain norms of communication and, as a result, to develop an individual culture of behavior. To foster a culture of behavior is to constantly worry about children growing a culture of human relationships, to become generous with affection, goodness, attention, help and care of the child’s soul and that all these qualities are manifested in pleasant forms of behavior for others. It is noted that the preschool educational institution is a leading social institution in which preschool children receive not only basic knowledge, skills and abilities, but also acquire the foundations of a culture of behavior. The article reveals components of the culture of behavior such as culture of activity, culture of communication, cultural and hygienic skills and habits. The task of educating the culture of behavior of preschool children is outlined: the formation of ideas about norms of behavior, about the moral qualities of the individual, the development of moral feelings; expansion, deepening and systematization of knowledge about the norms and rules of cultural behavior, the development of the ability to evaluate their own and other people’s actions, the formation of positive relations to norms of behavior and negative relation to anti-social manifestations, the formation of skills, skills and habits of cultural behavior. The main components of methodical actions aimed at educating the culture of behavior of preschool children are proposed. The program of education of culture of behavior in preschool children is proposed.

Педагогічні засади формування уявлень про професії у дітей дошкільного віку

Author: Ганна Чорна
Institution: Запорізький національний університет
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5978-7942
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 60-68
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ve.2022.02.07
PDF: ve/2/ve207.pdf

Pedagogical Principles of Formation of Ideas About the Profession in Preschool Children

The article defines the essence of the concepts of «profession », «labor education», and pedagogical principles of the process of forming ideas in preschoolers, analyzes the essence and content of pedagogical work on the formation of ideas about professions in preschool children in preschool education. According to domestic and modern sources, it is proved that the formation of preschoolers’ ideas about professions is based on the organization of games, modern forms and methods of organizing the educational process in preschool education, family involvement in the formation of knowledge and experience of different professions. Arguments and scientific evidence of the theory that labor education is a component of preschool education and an element of acquaintance of preschoolers with work, which contributes to the effective formation of preschoolers’ ideas about the profession. The article covers the tasks of labor education and acquaintance of preschoolers with professions, work of adults. The solution of the set tasks is effective only on the condition that the formation of ideas about the profession will be carried out from the first years of the child’s life. In the process of revealing the content of labor education as an element of the process of acquainting preschoolers with professions, two aspects are taken into account: the acquisition of knowledge, the transformation of knowledge into attitudes. It is noted that in preschool the child shows a tendency to any occupation, and this tendency in the future may turn into professional activities, so in preschool education it is necessary to conduct career guidance work in classes, entertainment, other forms of preschool activities and in everyday life. The prerequisite for becoming a child as a professional is the formation of independence in preschoolers. It is proved that in today’s conditions it is necessary to form in preschool children knowledge about modern professions, which is a problem of education because children mostly have knowledge about the professions of parents and other family members. In the process of forming preschoolers’ ideas about professions, it is important to move away from outdated forms and methods of work, use the activity approach, the approach of «learning through play», and teachers who go to work with children should be retrained, improve their work taking into account modern children. In order to effectively acquire knowledge about the profession, the teacher must implement new innovative technologies of preschool education, be a partner for the child, a consultant, help the student to understand the world around him.

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