Confucian Thought Affecting Education in South-East Asian Countries vs. Socratic Education Philosophy in Western Countries

Author: Stanisław Juszczyk
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
Author: Yong Deog Kim
Institution: Hankuk University of Foreign Studies in Seoul
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 97-110
DOI Address:
PDF: apsp/56/apsp5606.pdf

Socrates and Confucius constitute roots of western and eastern civilization respectively and represent very different cultural values and educational traditions. Both of the philosophers lived around 4 – 5th century B.C.E., but there were huge differences in the social and cultural environments in which they lived. Different cultural and social factors in ancient Greece and China led to differences in Socratic and Confucian approaches to learning. Their educational philosophies have been discussed on the base of the aim of education, the content of education, the teaching process, and the nature of the contemporary education. The method used in the described study is hermeneutics, or interpretation of the literary (here scientific) texts, thus the study is cross-cultural in nature and concerns the features of the contemporary education in both cultures.


Sokrates i Konfucjusz stanowią o fundamentach odpowiednio zachodniej i wschodniej cywilizacji i reprezentują bardzo różne wartości kulturowe oraz tradycje edukacyjne. Obaj filozofowie żyli około IV–V wieku przed naszą erą, lecz w bardzo różnych środowiskach społecznych i kulturowych. Różne czynniki kulturowe i społeczne w starożytnej Grecji i Chinach doprowadziły do różnych poglądów Sokratesa i Konfucjusza na uczenie się. Ich filozofie edukacji zostały poddane dyskusji na bazie celów edukacji, zawartości merytorycznej, procesu nauczania i natury współczesnej edukacji. W opisanych badaniach użyto metodę hermeneutyczną, zwaną inaczej interpretacją tekstów literackich (tutaj naukowych), z tego powodu badania mają charakter interdyscyplinarny i dotyczą cech współczesnej edukacji w obu kulturach.


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