“Birds of a Feather Flock Together” : Bipolarity, Homophily and Intra-Party Communication Degree of Polish MPs on Twitter

Author: Jacek Nożewski
Institution: University of Lower Silesia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7211-147X
Author: Paweł Baranowski
Institution: University of Wrocław
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2916-4159
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 7-28
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2021.72.01
PDF: apsp/72/apsp7201.pdf

Since the contemporary public sphere has largely moved online, Twitter has become the leading platform of political debate. Potentially harmful echo spheres, selective exposure and social media filter bubbles that limit individuals to their own opinions can be especially alarming when it concerns politicians. This paper aims to investigate the degree of homophily among Polish MPs, simultaneously indicating the way politicians form follower communication structures. The analysis of the data gathered from Twitter revealed observable elements of polarization at the political affiliation level, although the level of parliament chambers was found meaningless in that case. The Polish political Twittersphere is dominated by the two biggest parties, accurately reflecting parliament composition. The use of communication structure is examined throughout this paper, ultimately confirming the homophilic behavior of specific politicians’ groups, especially in terms of mutual communication and its effectiveness.

„CIĄGNIE SWÓJ DO SWEGO”. BIPOLARNOŚĆ, HOMOFILIA I KOMUNIKACJA WEWNĄTRZPARTYJNA POLSKICH POSŁÓW NA TWITTERZE

Współczesna sfera publiczna w dużej mierze przeniosła się do Internetu, a Twitter stał się wiodącą platformą debaty politycznej. Potencjalnie szkodliwe bańki informacyjne, które skutkują selektywną ekspozycją na wiadomości w mediach społecznościowych, ograniczają jednostki do ich własnych opinii, co może być szczególnie niepokojące, gdy dotyczy osób podejmujących decyzje polityczne. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest zbadanie wzajemnych relacji pomiędzy polskimi parlamentarzystami na Twitterze oraz stworzenie matrycy powiązań pomiędzy politykami reprezentującymi różne partie polityczne. Analiza danych empirycznych z Twittera udowodniła, że istnieją wysoce spolaryzowane struktury parlamentarzystów, które tworzą się w obrębie przynależności politycznej. Z perspektywy aktorów politycznych polska część Twittera zdominowana jest przez obóz Zjednoczonej Prawicy oraz Koalicję Europejską, a jej wewnętrzny podział stanowi odwzorowanie mandatów w parlamencie.

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analiza sieci network analysis Twitter media społecznościowe komunikacja polityczna Polska social media Poland political communication

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