Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 3-4
DOI Address: -
PDF: apsp/60/apsp60toc.pdf

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SPIS TREŚCI

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Publikacja “Athenaeum Polskie Studia Politologiczne” w języku angielskim i udostępnienie wersji cyfrowej w wolnym dostępie to zadania finansowane w ramach umowy 525/P-DUNdem/2018 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.

Author: Piotr Ahmad
Institution: University of Winnipeg
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 7-21
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.01
PDF: apsp/60/apsp6001.pdf

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When we think of our understanding of the category of ‘the nation’, turning to the most important official document and source for which this category is central – namely, the constitution of the modern democratic state – could yield new insights into how the category of ‘nation’ could be understood and interpreted. No other document is focused on ‘the nation’ and/or ‘the people’ to such an extent and, likewise, no other act seems so dependent on a particular understanding of the term of ‘the nation’/‘the people’. In this study, I decided to analyze how specific constitutions of selected democratic states (particularly in Europe) choose to define the category of ‘the people’/‘the nation’, and why, providing contemporary explanations as well as exploring relevant historical background of how the understanding of this capital category came to be shaped. This perspective serves as lens through which I examine ‘the nation’ as a sociological and political category.

nation national identity nation and constitution the idea of nation civic nationalism naród tożsamość narodowa naród a konstytucja idea narodu naród obywatelski

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Author: David T. Jervis
Institution: Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6398-4738
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 22-40
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.02
PDF: apsp/60/apsp6002.pdf

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This article examines the use of American military power in the Middle East during the presidency of Barack Obama. While some have characterized those responses as confusing, inconsistent, and/or inadequate in number, this study argues that there is a way to understand and explain Obama’s decisions, the “Obama Doctrine”. The article develops and applies the Doctrine to America’s use of force, or not, in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Libya, and elsewhere.

Afganistan drony amerykańskie interwencje militarne American military interventions Irak państwo islamskie Libya Libia Barack Obama Afghanistan Syria Iraq Islamic State drones

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Author: Andrzej Purat
Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8804-5657
Author: Paweł Bielicki
Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5015-6869
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 41-58
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.03
PDF: apsp/60/apsp6003.pdf

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The subject of our interest is to present the significance of the Songun doctrine (Military First) in the North Korea’s internal and international politics. At the beginning, we intend to trace the concept of the Juche ideology and its essential implications for the role of the army in a country ruled by the Kim dynasty since the end of World War II. In the remainder of this study, we would like to characterize the theoretical and explanatory aspects of the Songun doctrine, focusing in particular on reviewing of its principles in terms of politics, economy, culture and propaganda aspects. In the context of the current situation in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, an important role is played by the Byungjin doctrine, initiated by the country’s leader Kim Jong-un and mentioned in our article, which in the future can contribute to the beginning of reforms in Korea’s economy. In summary, we presented forecasts for the future and our attempt to answer the question whether in the current international situation the Songun doctrine will be implemented in its present form.

Kim Dzong Un Kim Dzong Il Kim Ir Sen dżucze ideologia doktryna Kim Jong-un Kim Jong-il Kim Il-sung Byungjin Songun Juche ideology doctrine KRLD DPRK USA

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Author: Łukasz Młyńczyk
Institution: University of Zielona Góra
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0606-2483
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 59-73
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.04
PDF: apsp/60/apsp6004.pdf

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The aim of the article is to define the methodological status of the proposed new sub-discipline of political sciences – the political science of religion (politology of religion). The diagram of naturalism adopted in the text indicates the choice of the perspective of cognition for an alliance of religions and politics as a single social and political phenomenon. The position expressed in the text aims to find a common knowledge base for the two most important social phenomena. The presented postulate takes into account the combination of knowledge in the field of political sciences and theology, sociology of religion, religiousness or history with the classical methodology of sciences, characteristic for mathematical natural science.

naturalism political science of religion politology of religion understanding naturalism antinaturalism understanding sociology the political politologia religii naturalizm rozumiejący naturalizm antynaturalizm socjologia rozumiejąca polityczność

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Author: Krzysztof Tomaszewski
Institution: University of Warsaw
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6324-1827
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 77-96
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.05
PDF: apsp/60/apsp6005.pdf

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This article deals with the importance of natural gas as an energy source in Polish energy policy. Its purpose is to analyze the extent to which natural gas can provide for ensuring state energy security. This article covers issues related to the diagnosis of the gas sector in Poland (the most important economic entities, the functioning of the gas market), its role in the national energy strategy and prospects for future gas use. The article points out that natural gas, although important for maintaining and securing state energy security, is, however, not crucial in this regard. Multiannual strategies envisage diversification of the way of generating energy, which means the opportunity for renewable energy sources (RES) and nuclear energy. Natural gas has a secondary meaning in this context.

energy policy energy security energy sources natural gas diversification polityka energetyczna bezpieczeństwo energetyczne surowce energetyczne gaz ziemny dywersyfikacja

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Author: Karolina Karpus
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3575-7949
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 97-113
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.06
PDF: apsp/60/apsp6006.pdf

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The concepts of ‘green economy’ and ‘sustainable consumption and production’ determine the direction of political and legal changes as the goals of the 2030 Agenda followed also by the European Union and its Member States. ‘Circular economy’ as an element of those concepts includes waste management and is a vital element of EU environmental policy. Turning waste into resources presents a multidimensional challenge. In the years 2015–2018, the European Commission conducted works on the changes in the community law on waste which will enable the enforcement of ‘circular economy’ goals. In May 2018, four directives which will significantly remodel the obligations of Member States in the scope of waste management were enacted. Also in 2018, the Commission announced new proposals, as well as law changes, emphasizing the problem of plastic waste.

Sustainable Development Goals circular economy resource efficiency EU waste law EU environmental policy Cele Zrównoważonego Rozwoju gospodarka o obiegu zamkniętym efektywność wykorzystania zasobów prawo o odpadach UE polityka ochrony środowiska UE

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Author: Tomasz Huk
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1082-5826
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 114-123
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.07
PDF: apsp/60/apsp6007.pdf

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Modern digital media not only provide the ways of gaining numerous benefits, but also pose some risks. This applies to adults as well as to children and adolescents who are the victims but also perpetrators of the disjunctive use of the media. The aim of this article is to indicate antinomies in the Polish education policy regarding the secure use of digital media, mainly such as computer, smartphone, and the Internet. The research analyses the most popular portals offering the e-mail service and uses the document analysis method for indicating the inconsistency between legal acts and ordinances of the minister in charge of education and upbringing.

education policy Education cyberbullying happy slapping hikikomori sharenting catfishing addiction to digital media polityka oświatowa edukacja cyberprzemoc uzależnienie od mediów cyfrowych

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Author: Joanna Rezmer
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3506-9556
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 124-141
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.08
PDF: apsp/60/apsp6008.pdf

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The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of the United Nations Human Rights Council is an international monitoring mechanism established within the frames of the universal human rights protection system, which involves systematic assessment of the performance of all member states of the UN with respect to a broad range of their human rights obligations and international humanitarian law standards. Since Belarus does not participate in the regional human rights protection system operating under the auspices of the Council of Europe, the application of the UPR in relation to that country gains particular importance. So far Belarus has been under review twice – in 2010 and 2015. The aim of the paper is to describe the rules of the mechanism and the process of the UPR concerning Belarus, to present the results of the review, including main human rights issues identified and the recommendations received by Belarus in the course of the UPR, as well as to explain the position of Belarusian authorities on such recommendations. The paper also attempts to discuss the drawbacks and the advantages of the UPR, using the perspective of the review undergone by Belarus.

kontrola międzynarodowa Rada Praw Człowieka powszechny przegląd okresowy international monitoring Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review human rights protection Białoruś Belarus

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Author: Sylwia Grochowina
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0124-1311
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 142-159
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.60.09
PDF: apsp/60/apsp6009.pdf

Streszczenie:

An important element of the ethnic and racial policy pursued by the German occupant in the Reich Province of Danzig-West Prussia was cultural policy (Kulturpolitik). Admittedly, since the first days of occupation the German authorities attached great importance to matters of culture – however, in the Nazi reality there was no cultural policy understood as encouragement and support offered by state authorities for independent, artistic creativity in its varied forms. The Nazis “controlled” culture, which played an important role in the process of creating a new reality in the annexed Polish territories. In the present paper, the author discusses selected issues illustrating the organization and forms of German cultural life in the Danzig-West Germany Province of the Reich. In outlining the German cultural policy, two main aspects were taken into account: culture as just another component of the broader German nationalistic and ethnic policy, as well as its role as an integral part of social reality.

World War II Nazism German occupation 1939–1945 Reich Province of Danzig- West Prussia Polish territories incorporated into the Third Reich Nazi cultural policy II wojna światowa nazizm Gdańsk-Prusy Zachodnie ziemie polskie wcielone do Trzeciej Rzeszy nazistowska polityka kulturalna

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