- Year of publication: 2018
- Source: Show
- Pages: 3-6
- DOI Address: -
Zapis debaty zorganizowanej przez Bibliotekę Publiczną m.st. Warszawy oraz Katedrę Studiów Azjatyckich Uniwersytetu SWPS 25 maja 2017 r.
stosunki singapursko-polskie stosunki Singapuru z zagranicą rozwój Singapuru ekspaci Little Red Dot Uniquely Singapore Lee Kuan Yew Pięć Wspólnych Wartości People’s Action Party grupy etniczne w Singapurze Singapur
Singapore: Global Metropolis Against New Challenges
For many reasons, Singapore is an exceptional country, sometimes referred to as “a piece of the West in Asia”, a place where the West meets with the East or as “Asian Switzerland”. Currently, the city-state can boast of great achievements, including the status of a global metropolis – the center of business, trade, maritime and air transport, finance, arbitration and tourism. For a long time, it has been at the top positions in global economic rankings, including the GDP per capita. It remains one of the most competitive economies in the world. In 2015, the city-state celebrated the 50th anniversary of independence, which was an opportunity to recall the key role played by Lee Kuan Yew, the founder of independence, the current economic strength and significant position of Singapore in the international arena. The principle of an open economy, which Singapore has been following from the beginning, was a key strategy for the development of modern and competitive industries and leverage to raise Singapore’s living standards to the highest world level. In its short history, the city-state faced challenges as it is now facing new internal (the question of maintaining stability after the loss of leader and strategist, such as Lee Kuan Yew) and the external challenges (transformation of the global balance of power, accommodating China’s rise in power, a change in the paradigm of the American administration’s trade policy under President D. Trump).
The aim of the article is to present these challenges that the Singaporeans – Government and Society – will have to solve in order to maintain economic growth, high standards of living and high international position in the post-Lee Kuan Yew era.
Lee Kuan Yew – a phenomenal visionary
The article presents the profile of Lee Kuan Yew – the founding father of modern Singapore and its prime minister from 1959 to 1990. The author outlines Lee’s background and the perspective on a changing region and on the global political economy. He presents the key insights and opinions of that grand strategist and visionary on geopolitics of East and West, globalization, economic growth, and democracy. The article offers Lee Kuan Yew’s assessment of the United States’ position as the world’s superpower, of the China’s future, India’s future, Islamic terrorism. It presents Lee’s strategic advice for dealing with China.
Singapore Golden Jubilee: Chinese community’s contribution to the building Singaporean national identity
The article presents the significant contributions of the Chinese community to the Singaporean nation building during the first 50 years of the independence. It is based on a book 50 Years of the Chinese Community in Singapore. The text presents the major Chinese organizations, including the Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the Singapore Federation of Chinese Clan Associations, the Chinese Development Assistance Council and the Chinese Heritage Centre. The author, former Polish ambassador to Singapore, outlines several main issues, that provoked controversies within the Chinese community, such as the use of the Chinese language and the integration of the new immigrants from China. The author presents also the role of the Chinese religions, the development of the cultural life, and the role played by the Singaporean Chinese in relations with China and the neighboring countries.
The Kingdom of Thailand encounters new challenges
The article presents deeply polarized Thai society, a political crisis and confrontation between supporters of Thaksin Shinawatra against the royalists. The article presents how the crisis was sending convulsions across the country and influencing foreign policy and international situation of Thailand. The author describes last months in office of the caretaker prime minister Ms Yingluck Shinawatra (youngest sister of Thaksin) when she faced charges of negligence and malfeasance for her role in approving a rice – pledging scheme, when the government purchased rice from farmers at inflated prices in a move to be permanently in power.
The author presents also the dramatic days, when army general Prayuth Chan-ocha declared martial law in a move to quell escalating unrest. In the article the role of late King Bhumibol Adulyadej is shortly presented as well as enigmatic behaviour of successor – his only son Maha Vajiralongkorn.
In the second part of the article the author presents reforms and policy of new prime minister general Prayuth, his promise about an election time frame. The article describes also the foreign policy of military government, and the role of Thailand in the growing competition between the big powers in the region of South East Asia, especially the United States and Japan against China.
The roads of Hindutva. Extreme Hindu(is)ness confronted with colonial and post-colonial versions of Hinduism
Dealing with the key category of Hinduism imported from English linguistic habits (of “-isms’), some eminent Indian researchers evolved this notion from ancient roots of hindu dharma. In modern times of colonial and post-colonial ages it has been confronted in cultural and political space as two polarised worldviews. The first one has been seen as tolerant neo-Hinduism proclaimed at the down of Independence by Mahatma Gandhi (with Indian Congress Party support) and the other one has been described as extreme Hindutva connected with modern outlook of W. Damodar Sarvodar. The first one formed sound foundation for the Nehru-Gandhi family line, ruling India in the second part of the 20th Century. And the other one has been built as the foundation for opposite socio-political formations, starting from Sarvodar and ending with the contemporary leader of BJP, Narendra Modi. The direct and indirect connections of the outlook of contemporary Hindutva have been described together with recent evolution of Narendra Modi and his supporters. This duality of Indian political scene has been shown in comparative modern world entourage as the prevailing tendency of the our century.
Bioethics in India. New Ideas and Reinterpretation of the Sources
India faces dilemmas and challenges typical for a fast and uncontrolled development of the biomedical services. There is a need to regulate biomedical market not only by the rules of the ethics of business exchange. Indian society suffers from misuse of biomedicine, such as trade of organs, forced sterilization of women, omitting informed consent during clinical trials, paternalism in relation between physician and patient as well as overuse of surrogate mothers etc. Recent legal initiative to ban a commercial surrogacy is a sign that a bioethical deliberation in the Indian society is on the rise. The question is if in India there exists any specific kind of bioethics or if they are implementing standards of the Western, mainly principalistic and utilitarian bioethics? The aim of the text is to describe the main features, sources and ideas of the Hindu bioethics. Although there is no single, monolithic, and coherent Hindu bioethics some common traits can be distinguished. Among them there is a core ethical value of ahimsa, holistic concept of health and a wide acceptance of genetic modifications and transplantations due to the concept of transformation of all life’s manifestations which is deeply rooted in Indian culture.
inżynieria genetyczna bioetyka hinduistyczna ajurweda relacje między lekarzem a pacjentem w Indiach biotechnologie transplantologia a hinduizm handel organami Indianizacja Problemy bioetyczne w Indiach
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