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Author: Tadeusz Biernat
Year of publication: 2001
Source: Show
Pages: 7-28
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200101
PDF: ksm/05/ksm200101.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper constitutes an analysis of selected aspects of political leadership in the context of transformation of the Polish political system. The approach pro- posed here concerns on the sources of political leadership crisis. Leadership is not only the crucial term of explanation of the political power relation. It is also cru- cial concept in many theories, among them theory of political system legitymacy. The influence of idea of leadership is visible in the issue of the relations between political obligation and force. Having regard that the position of leader is chang- ing in the contemporary world and the contemporary state we need new perspec- tives and new ideas in particular research on forms of leadership.  Trought the paper the author argued that the crisis of leadership is the result of the erosion of traditional forms of leadership e. g. heroic, charismatic and poli- tical party leadership. The modern political world with its plurality of different forms of political organizations and political authority, give opportunity to formulate opinion that the new forms of leadership are founded on others sources . 'The sub- ject discussed in this paper is very large, so the author decided to present briefly some important thesis, which are only the point of departure to the future approach.

Author: Ewa Fogelzang-Adler
Year of publication: 2001
Source: Show
Pages: 29-40
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200102
PDF: ksm/05/ksm200102.pdf

Streszczenie:

Democratic Party in Cracow played a significant role among the other regional sections of the Party which were active between 1939 and 1945. It was the second forceful centre of underground SD (Democratic Party) which in a way was com- peting with Warsaw. Cracow was the only region that relatively preserved its or- ganizational and personal continuity from the first months of German occupation till the end of the war and even later on. The activities of SD (Democratic Party) in Cracow extended over other areas of the country, for example, over Rzeszów and Podkarpacie regions. The members of the centre in Cracow took part in different publishing, reconnaissance, political, protective or preventive and fighting enter- prises. They organized the transfer of the youth who wanted to fight in Polish Army in the West. They cooperated with the Council of the Help to the Jews in Cracow. They gave help to prisoners and their families, among other things, by the depart- ment dealing with legalization of identity cards and documents.

Author: Tadeusz Wojtaszek
Year of publication: 2001
Source: Show
Pages: 41-64
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200103
PDF: ksm/05/ksm200103.pdf

Streszczenie:

The natural conditions of Cracow and its surroundings are very favourable for spa-treatment. One finds here the sources of mineral water, and a specific microcli- mate, especially in the excavation chambers of the old salt mines of Wieliczka and Bochnia. All this makes the region of Cracow very important for physiotherapy.  For many centuries, a very efficient treatment of various diseases has been tak- ing place in specially prońled physiotherapy departments, established in the region in the past.  Hydrophysiotherapy, based on local mineral waters, has been one of curative treatments applied in Swoszowice, Mateczny and Krzeszowice, while the old exca- vation chambers of the Wieliczka and Bochnia salt mines are famous for subterraneotherapym  Also Ojców and Krzeszowice, located just a few kilometers from Krakow, were well known as physiotherapy health resorts, but the climatic therapy there became impossible because of the general air pollution.  Unfortunatelly, dispite such excellent opportunities offered by the natural con- ditions of the region, the potentialities for treatment in a health resort have been not rationally used here.

Author: Renata Mikitiuk
Year of publication: 2001
Source: Show
Pages: 65-80
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200104
PDF: ksm/05/ksm200104.pdf

Streszczenie:

Parliamentary elections are the most common form of controlling a country's authotities by its citizens.  However, it must be stated that without being represented by political par- ties, the citizens are not able to exert influence on the activities of state adminis- tration.  Compared to ordinary citizens, political parties have a bigger influence over members of parliament. Candidates who are recommended by political organisa- tions are more often successfal in elections than others. Most members of parlia- ment have close ties with political parties and are often subject to party discipline. Nowadays political organisations are an indispensable element of parliamentary democracy.  The summarised article contains a presentation of political parties which are active in the Zamość region and which participated in the parliamentary elections of 1991, 1993 and 1997. It also presents the parties' election programme issues and the election results in the region compared to the results at the national level.  Analysis of election results in particular areas (including the Zamość region) is justified as these are part ofthe national results and create a more complete pan- orama ofthe electoral system.

Author: Janusz Pawlęga
Year of publication: 2001
Source: Show
Pages: 81-96
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200105
PDF: ksm/05/ksm200105.pdf

Streszczenie:

The first activities of the modern Krakow oncology are connected with the establishment of the first Polish Chair of Pathology at Jagiellonian University in 1852. Between 1877-1897 the famous Professor of Surgery Ludwik Rydygier was working here.  3 months after Roentgen invention the X rays for diagnostic purposes were used in Krakow. In 1900 the first Polish textbook "X ray for diagnostics and treat- ment was edited in Krakow by M. Nartowski. Between 1913 to 1974 radiotherapy at Jagiellonian University was done together with rentgenodiagnostics . The inde- pendent Word of Radiotherapy was acting between 1974 to 1981 . In 1981 the Chair and Clinic of Oncology was established . The main activities of Clinic of Oncol- ogy are connected with the complex treatment of lymphoma, head and neck and breast cancer. In cooperation with Hematology Clinic high dosis chemotherapy with bone morrow transplantation have been done. The modern radiotherapy is provided in cooperation with University Children Hospital. Scientific activities are connected with prevention of stomach cancer, early diagnosis of breast cancer and monitoring of treatment of lymphoma and colorectal cancer.  The first Director of Warsow Cancer Institute professor F. Łukaszczyk was graduated from Jagiellonian University. Thanks his help the Krakow Branch of Cancer Institute was established in 1951 . There was the strict cooperation between Cancer Institute and University Hospital. Professor J. Oszacki, A. Urban, H. Glińs- ka, J. Pawlęga were working in both institutions. From other site professor H. Kołodziejska Director of Krakow Cancer Institute (1954-1980) was initiating the undergraduate training in oncology. The most important facts from point of view of modernization of Krakow oncology were installation in 1999 2 modern radiotherapy lines in Krakow Cancer Centre and Children University Hospital.

Author: Henryk Gaertner
Year of publication: 2001
Source: Show
Pages: 97-108
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200106
PDF: ksm/05/ksm200106.pdf

Streszczenie:

At the beginning the paper brings a chronological ennumeration of ancient hospitals of Cracow. First part of the paper describes the cooperation of prominent medical faculty members with Cracow's former hospitals. Second part concerns the organization and development of the first Polish University Hospital in Cra- cow on the basis of ancient religious hospitals. The third part presents the efforts of closer cooperation between medical faculty, its university hospital and other hospitals. In the fourth part the development of the true medical care of patients in former Cracow hospitals is discussed. The fifth part shows the development of cooperation between medical faculty and the Brothers of Mercy Hospital (created in 1609). At the end the autor demonstrates the influences of the cooperation be- tween medical faculty and hospitals on the medical care in Cracow.

Author: Janina Pach
Year of publication: 2001
Source: Show
Pages: 109-122
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200107
PDF: ksm/05/ksm200107.pdf

Streszczenie:

The increase of investment attractiveness of Poland in 19903 caused the in- crease of the flow of foreign capital-especially in the form of indirect foreign in- vestments. Whereas in 1993 their accumulated value did not exceed three milliard USD, in 1998 their value was tenfold greater and in the middle of 2000 it reached about 40 milliard USD.  The capital was located mainly in the former voivodships of Warszawa (44,6% of the global foreign capital) Wrocław, Poznań, Kraków and Bielsko. In the Malopolska region, which includes the former Kraków voivodship, direct foreign investments are also regionally polan'sed. which points to the difference of their importance in the economy development. The biggest number of companies with foreign capital can be found in Kraków and the smallest number in the territorial units of Bochnia and Limanowa.  In consequence. the territorial units that are poor (not attractive for foreign investors) are becoming poorer and poorer and underdeveloped as well.  For this reason the support of local governments and the state for encourag- ing direct investments to this regions is necessary. They are essential for creating new jobs and improving the technical level of production.

Author: Barbara Siupik
Author: Jadwiga Bożek
Year of publication: 2001
Source: Show
Pages: 123-134
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200108
PDF: ksm/05/ksm200108.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper presents changes that had taken place in the level of chosen ele- ments of technical infrastructure in rural areas of Przemyskie voivodship within 1989-97. The length of water supply, sewage and gas system as well as the number of telephone holders increased three times. Although the needs are still high, which follows from the second part of the paper presenting the level of technical infra- structure of farms in Przemyskie voivodship in 1996.

Author: Marta Domagalska
Year of publication: 2001
Source: Show
Pages: 135-146
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200109
PDF: ksm/05/ksm200109.pdf

Streszczenie:

Situation in Polish orchards is especially complicated because along with the high dynamic of fruit production processing and foreign trade, there is stagnation and even regress in the domain of fruit distribution.  The main fruit produced in Poland are: apples, strawberries, currants, rasp- berries, cherries and plums, of which 70 % is production of apples. The main func- tions in Polish horticulture production play also the soft fruits and apple concentrate, which are Polish export speciality. Polish market is absorptive for Polish soft fruits like Polish market is absorptive for lemons, oranges, peaches, apricots, nectarines, grapes, and kiwis.  Polish integration with the EU countries gives a chance for stabilization of our world leader position in production of soft fruits and cherries for process- ing. EU will force high quality of Polish fruit and changes in Sphere of fruit distribution.

Author: Dariusz Koreleski
Year of publication: 2001
Source: Show
Pages: 147-160
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200110
PDF: ksm/05/ksm200110.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper presents the main assumptions and concepts concerning sustainable and multifunctional development of rural areas in the Małopolska province. In particular, the author pointed out the ways of delimitation of rural areas, as well as functions and development of those areas and their potential. The chosen aspects of the European Union countries experience in the above mentioned field have also been presented, together with the Statements worked out at several United Nations conferences. The article includes a review of the opinions of the greatest authorities on the subject. Finally, extremely great natural potential of the Małopolska province has been shown, predestining this province in a special way to harmonious and synchronised implementation of the permanent, sustainable and multifunctional concept of the development of rural areas.

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