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Author: Stanisław Grodziski
Year of publication: 2002
Source: Show
Pages: 9-17
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200201.pdf
PDF: ksm/06/ksm200201.pdf

Streszczenie:

Assuming that the history of Poland involves around thirty generations, the author presents the problem of a contradiction between the real number of inhabitants of our country at the dawn of our history and a theoretical number ol” ancestors of the Polish nations, the latter being incomparably higher. This contradiction which can be explained by the fact that many people descend from the same ancestors, gives the author an inspiration to develop a wider retlection on the history of the Polish ethnic community.

Author: Jan Trąbka
Year of publication: 2002
Source: Show
Pages: 17-34
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200202
PDF: ksm/06/ksm200202.pdf

Streszczenie:

In the questions concentrated with "ethos" the wene issued opinions from as well the bio-neurological side as the humanistic one resulted of the antropoic rules. In this paper tn'als of putting together there two approaches: the frrst presented by W. Tuli- backi "Bioethics and Naturalism" and the second one by T. Tcller "lngenesis Con- ccption and Cannon of the Beauty”. The human di gnity created by the own self-criticism of ”deep ego” starts the process of transparence (lin Heidegger's tenn) of the ethics and ends in the C. McGinn's cause - effects consciousness.  Key words: ethics, naturalism, neurobiological approach, antropoic rules.

Author: Stanisław Moskal
Year of publication: 2002
Source: Show
Pages: 35-54
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200203
PDF: ksm/06/ksm200203.pdf

Streszczenie:

The subject of the article are the cultural transformations occurring in Poland which are basically a derivative of wider processes of a global nature but find favourable environment in the specific state of things. The author presents them in a wider con- text, trying to answer the question of what ethnic identity is and how it changes, and also tracing the consequences which the present fast rate of its changes brings for Euro- Athlantic Civilisation. These consequences in many respects remind us of a collision of two cultures of uneven development levels and so, when referring to them the au- thor uses a term of .,autoaculturation”

Author: Janina Pach
Year of publication: 2002
Source: Show
Pages: 55-68
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200204
PDF: ksm/06/ksm200204.pdf

Streszczenie:

The process of transfonnation together with the market reforms. privatisation of national films. liberalisation and budget limitations caused many advantageous changes on a macro scale. however. it also implied a number of negative results, like clearance of some businesses, mines and military equipment companies. One of the most disad- vantageous side effects of undertaking the refomis was increase of structural unem- ployment. It proved to be especially dangerous in one company towns. where one big firm was practically the only serious employer and producer of the particular goods. e.g. military equipment. Great problems with unemployment appeared. as well. in some other regions. hardly attractive for the investment. where the process of privatisation and restructurisation was going on.  Thus, the special economic zones (SSE) became an important instrument of the economic policy, being at the same time a substitute for regional state policy. Their main purpose was to attract national and foreign investors by offering them some pri v- ileges, mostly tax prerogatives.  The present article is trying to explain the idea and the way of functioning of spe- cial economic zones in Poland. lt focuses on: principles. purposes and nature of the functioning of special economic zones in Poland: the importance and contribution of foreign investment in special economic zones; the prospects of special economic zones in Poland in the context of its future accession to the European Union.

Author: Marta Moskal
Year of publication: 2002
Source: Show
Pages: 69-78
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200205
PDF: ksm/06/ksm200205.pdf

Streszczenie:

The place, importance and future of region and regional cultur in the perspective of full membersbip of Poland in the EU are the main issues of the article. Polish re- gionalism will face challenges related not only to our accession to the EU but also to continued administration reform. B oth these prosses will be affected and simulated by the importance of regional policy in the EU and its member states, by strong re- gionalism and regional social movements in European countries.

Author: Janina Szczepaniak
Year of publication: 2002
Source: Show
Pages: 79-95
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200206
PDF: ksm/06/ksm200206.pdf

Streszczenie:

Postrnodenrism has become a fact in development ofculture and philosoplrical ideas after European rnodemisrn on the ttrnr of the 19'h century. It has been established as a reaction on modem culture manifesting itself in nearly every field ol' human activity.  Postmodernism is a trend (not the only one) typical for transition phase between two periods. i.e. crisis period. It is a revolution in cultural heritage as a whole. Although, apart from its "metaphilosophical" character it does not define any new ea.  Assuming that any creative activity is influenced by the image of the world one can see its impact on the awareness of global threats by wider and wider circles of economic (and not only economic) societies.  Assuming that the technical reality and postmodernistic wave are complementary the question ariscs in what way this wave helps people overwhelm their confusion created by the variety of possibilities brought by new technologies supporting science, management and economics.  Treating postmodernism as a certain way of thinking of the world one can state that within the frame of philosophy nothing directly can be prompted in the ethical or political Field while within epistemology or methodology it becomes an inspiring trend fora broadly understood science of economy.

Author: Jan Samek
Year of publication: 2002
Source: Show
Pages: 95-104
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200207
PDF: ksm/06/ksm200207.pdf

Streszczenie:

Church of S S John the Baptist and John the Evangelist in Cracow was founded by Piotr Wlostowic in the first halfofthe I ?" century. At the beginning it was a two-span one-nave church with an apse. The church has been repeatedły rebuilt. for the first time probably in the eariy It'-l'h century when the east vault ofthe presbitery was mada; and perhaps the initial apse was removed. It is a building in the Romanesque style. extensively changed in the Gothic period as well as in the l7"' (the t'aęade) and [8'!] centuries. Antoni Frączkiewicz, a well-known sculptor. was involved in the making ofthe altars which datę from that period.  The monastery houses valuable paintings dealing with both religious and sccular topics painted by domestic and foreign artists alike. Ari example of the latter is TW!) Musicians from the l7'h century.  The treasury contains 17'" and l8”* century works ofart from Cracow such as the l8' ' ' century suń rnonstrance. in late-Baroque style. with a figurę of the Mother of God and the Child or l7lh century chalices: a rnannien'st one from the first quarter ofthe l7"' century. an eariy Baroque one from 1633 and a Chalice from 1639 with letters DZ. Ofspecial interest is a dress for the Gothic-Renaissance painting ofthe Mother of God in the main altar from 1683 which also depicts Cracovian burghers.  The architecture and fumishings of the 83 John the Baptist and John the Evange- list Church as well as the works of art housed by the monastery are an example of layering' of style so characteristic of Cracow enyironment ~ an initially Romancsque church rcbuilt in Gothic and Baroque periods and mmished with works ofart span- ning four centuries. from the 15'h to the 19th century.

Author: Elżbieta Piwowarczyk
Year of publication: 2002
Source: Show
Pages: 105-114
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200208
PDF: ksm/06/ksm200208.pdf

Streszczenie:

Pre-charter Krakow was not a homogcnous trnit as regards forms of settlement. Wawel. which was the dukes' abode, came to the l'oreground. However, in the course ofestablishment of the Polish mlers' abode in the city of Krakow economic life moved to surrounding settlements. ln the l l'h century the settlement situated at the very fr:)ot ol" Wawel Hill (to the north) called the Okól was the main of them. lt was becoming populated with the increase in the number of servile people at the Duke's court. pre- dominantly by those working for the ruler and the Church. That was also the place where substantial part of the elite of the authorities settled. Its wealthier representa- tives crected their family churches within the boundaries of the Okól. This paper presents brictly the medieval history of four places of worship. which were raiscd within the boundries of the Okół and founded (indubitably or presuma- bly) by contemporary rnagnates. I. St Andrew Church: crected between 1079 and 1098 with thc endowment of Sieciech who was Duke Władysław Hennan's palatine. The church was given the character of a secular

Author: Renata Gaj
Year of publication: 2002
Source: Show
Pages: 115-130
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200209
PDF: ksm/06/ksm200209.pdf

Streszczenie:

Education in museum is the topic of the article entitled ”Museum - the place of education”. The author specities the role of a museum, namely collecting, preserv- ing, storing and making the art available to everyone. A museum pedagogical worker acts a very important role in shaping and educating a man throughout their whole lives. In addition, museum as an outside school institution stimulates a permanent intelectu- al and aesthetic development of a man. The Historical Museum of Cracow is an ex- ample of a museum which realises a wide range of educational activities. In the light of other Cracow museums, there are shown the ways and methods of didactic activi- ties carried in museums as well as in galleries. The author stresses that museum should be used in an obligatory aesthetic and cultural education of popils from the earliest period of their studies. Moreover, it ought to be done as a complementory element of education in relation to the classes taken at school. Such a task should be performed by the workers of the educational departments. These kinds of the activities are moslty visible in the countries of Western Europe, Germany, Switzerland. Austria and Eng- land as well as in the USA. In Poland breath-taking museum activities are still extre- maly rare. Nevenheless, traditional museum lessons are taken by young peOple as tedious and not stimulating whatsoever. Even though. they are not understood by con- temporary teenagers who are thoroughly captivated by the enormous power of media and the internet. Still, interactive ways of presentations, workshops and projects per- formed in museums let everybody actively participate in them. Moreover, individual engagement or group work are indubilably an attracrive way of spending time in a museum as well as an interesting educational occupation.

Author: Krystyna Grzesiak
Year of publication: 2002
Source: Show
Pages: 131-144
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm200210
PDF: ksm/06/ksm200210.pdf

Streszczenie:

The history of the Jewish district in Kazimierz goes back to the 14 th century, how- ever its ten'itorial eXpansion to which it owes the later name of the Jewish town. ap- peared at the end of 15 th century.  The king of Poland - Jan Olbracht - had the Jews moved out to Kazimierz in 1495. This was the result of conflicts existing among the Cracow burghers and the Jewish community caused by economic and religious mistrnderstandings.  At the beginning the Jewish town took up a smallarea in the vicinity of present Szeroka Street. The influx of Jews from Spain, Silesia and Germany in the 16"' centu- ry made the settlement necessary to expand. Its spatial development took place in three basic phases, in the years 1553-54. 1558 and 1608-09.  As the result the Jewish town occupied the area bounded by the present streets: Miodowa. Starowiślna. Dajwór. Wawrzyńca. Józefa and Plac Nowy.  In this part of Cracow the Jews built seven synagogues: Stara ( second half of the 15'„ century). Remu (1553), Wysoka (was probably built after 1556 and before 1563). Poppera ( 1620). Ajzyka (1638), Kupa (ca. 1643). Tempel (1860-1862) as well as houses of prayer and cemetery.  Until 1939 the synagogues fulfiled reli gious, social. political and cultural functions.  The beginning of World War II radically changed the situation of the Jews.  The substantial number of Jews inhabitans of Cracow was killed and on top of that all the synagogues with their rich l'urnishings were destroyed.  After 1945 the synagogues discontinued to fulfill their original functions.  Nowdays jewish museum (Stara Synagogue). cultural institutions (Synagogues: Ajzyka. Poppera) and the Workshop ol' Relics Renovation (Wysoka) reside there.  Synagogues Rcmu and Tempel are open and serve the need of the small Jews Community.

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