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Author: Michał Gołoś
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 7-23
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201101
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201101.pdf

Streszczenie:

“The Europe of regions” has a double deck in which sometimes are hidden sceptical views about Europe. It has been done in order to restrict the competence in the name of regions. On the state level those competences were handed over to the European institutions long ago. It is not only in the mind of the regions to push their interests. In their mind is to make an influence on the change of the character of the European Union – the more powerful is the position of the definite region according to the state Constitution at their own place, at “home” – much more the region is trying to influence on the changes of the very European Union. In some cases their ambitions contradict the state policy of a given European Union’s member state. XXI-st century did not protect Europe before the spectre of national wars having brought the liveliness of ethnic and national emotions such as the fear before loosing their own identity. The nationalism, responsible for the most blooded conflicts, thanks to its diversified nature penetrates invisibly into the consciousness not only separate persons but also the whole societies, creating destabilization both in the Western countries and in a freshly shaped countries of the Middle and Western Europe. The International Institute of Peace Research in Stockholm in its report in 1996 affirms that “the most dangerous risk for the European security comes out from the inner conflicts in the countries which are caused by the discontent of the social groups in the great majority the ethnic groups”. One of the reasons of conflicts is the discrepancy of the ethnic and the state borders. The analysis of debates and conflicts in Europe on the turn of XX–XXI-st centuries not only affirms the Existence of the problem but also shows that in the period of progressing globalization, the responsibility for the state of conflict and national egoism is both on the quarreling sides and the whole international society. So despite the ruling believes the national resentments, distortion of the history, wrong decisions, non-perfect international institutions and security system cannot be the excuse for the helplessness or indifference for the threats generated by the nationalism, on the contrary they have to inspire to the open European debates on the topic of methodology in succeeding the national crisis. But hopes are arisen by the experiences of quarreling societies of the last decades which point out that before the lack of the universal system of resolving those types of conflicts the ability to compromise, openness for dialogue and first of all perception of the differences not as obstacles but as tasks for fulfillment, always decide about mutual understanding. All this successfully implemented to the canon of social practice may decide that nationalism will become only the phantom and warning from the past but not an inspiration for the European political elite.

Author: Mirosław Kłusek
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 24-52
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201102
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201102.pdf

Streszczenie:

Wilanow Landed Property consisted of some parts indissolubly connected with each Rother. A palace in Wilanow, museum and Wilanow Park were in the first part. Second part, definied as farm consisted of farm in Wilanow, farm in Wolica, milk farm in Wilanow, milk farm in Wolica, and fish farm in Żabieniec. Other parts consisted of gardens and forests in Wilanow. It results explicitly from researches which have been carried out that Wilanow Landed Property till the moment of nacionalization had been treated as uniform whole, which because of dominant kind of had agriculture character.

Author: Marek Kłodziński
Author: Artur Bortłomiuk
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 53-75
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201103
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201103.pdf

Streszczenie:

Although local governments of surveyed in Polish Green Lungs (with a significant percentage of area covered by Natura 2000) declare the need for environmental protection but at the same times they believe that the introduction of Natura 2000 resulted in many new problems in local economic development. Village and town mayors through their regional and national associations are demanding compensation for the loss potential benefits and costs incurred as a result of activities related to environmental protection. The reasons for this situation is the fact that the process of forming Natura 2000 network was not accompanied by a through explanatory action and the boundaries of ecological network were determined arbitrarily without cooperation with local authorities. Moreover, local communities weren’t presented alternative directions of development, and it was aggravated by lack of financial resources for maintenance and operation of this new form of environment protection.

Author: Agata Włodkowska-Bagan
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 46-96
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201104
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201104.pdf

Streszczenie:

Region of Central Asia is one of many areas of the world, in which interests of western countries especially the United States (but also the EU), Russia and China are crossing. Turkey and Iran being a participant of “the New Great Game” are not yet the main players in the regional competition. The rivalry concerns mainly on economic dimension (natural gas and oil resources) but relates as well to political, military and security issues. At the same time there is several areas of cooperation between Russia and Iran, Moscow and Beijing or even between whole participants of the rivalry. Such an cooperation occurs for example in common efforts connected with the war on international terrorism or against drug trafficking. Furthermore Russia, Iran and China are worried about the increasing role of United States in Central Asia countries. Despite the rivalry, which takes place in Central Asia and decreasing Russian role in this region, Moscow is still the important player, mainly because it controls so far a considerable part of Central Asian pipelines and has located there military bases.

Author: Katarzyna Ossowska
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 97-112
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201105
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201105.pdf

Streszczenie:

The events that occurred on September 17 were extremely tragic, especially for Polish civilian population. After the defeat in September, a lot of Polish soldiers retreating to Hungary and Romania were taken captive. The reason behind their sad plight was the fact that, although captives, they were not entitled to prisoner-of-war status. They were grouped in camps built particularly for that purpose. Three of the camps were given a special status and the Polish captives detained there were murdered in spring 1940. After their invasion on the Second Republic of Poland, the Soviets started to consistently implement the previously sketched plan to exterminate the Polish nation. Due to mass arrests and deportations, hundreds of thousands of Poles, including women, children and elderly people, were taken to the wild backwoods regions of the USSR and left without any protection whatsoever. The flower of our nation was forced to hard labour, such as railway construction or deforestation of some Siberian areas. That tragic situation did not change until the summer of 1941, when the London-based Polish government, after long and stormy negotiations, signed an agreement with the Soviet government. By virtue of Sikorski-Majski agreement, masses of Polish citizens were granted amnesty and a Polish army was to be formed in the USSR. After announcement of the amnesty decree, Poles from the furthest recesses of the USSR started their southward journey to meet their “brothers”. Władysław Anders, general and commander of the Polish Army, had to face a number of difficulties in order to provide his soldiers with relatively good living conditions. The army was short of virtually everything, especially as it also gave shelter to civilians, who wanted to escape death. Therefore, it was an army composed of down-at-heel, rugged human skeletons. Thanks to their persistence and the feeling of great injustice, however, they became highly skilled soldiers and the Polish Army in the USSR was exceptionally vital and resilient.

Author: Albena Miteva
Author: Ivan Kanchev
Author: Julia Doitchinova
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 113-129
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201106
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201106.pdf

Streszczenie:

Purpose of this paper is to analyze and evaluate the tenancy model of agriculture in Bulgaria and offer guidance and solutions for its development which allow and contribute to its adaptation to EU agricultural conditions. The report examines the status and problems of renting of agricultural land in Bulgaria. The analysis results are based on a survey of the status of the land market and the author’s own study.

tenancy model of agriculture land-lease

Author: Czesław Nowak
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 130-138
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm20107
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201107.pdf

Streszczenie:

Agriculture in Great Britain is characterised by the largest average surface area of farms and the lowest level of employment in all of the European Union Member States. The main non-agricultural source of income for small and medium-sized farms is paid work outside the farm, whilst the large and very large farms focus on diversifying their agricultural activities.

small farms farm diversification farm structure

Author: Bartosz Mickiewicz
Author: Antoni Mickiewicz
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 138-151
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201108
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201108.pdf

Streszczenie:

W opracowaniu przedstawiono rodzaje instrumentow wsparcia, jakie zastosowano między PROW 2004–2006 a PROW 2007–2013 w sprawie zalesienia gruntow rolnych. Wsparcie opierało się na trzech formach płatności, jako wsparcie na zalesienia, premię pielęgnacyjną i premię zalesieniową. Premia zalesieniowa jest wypłacana corocznie, przy czym w pierwszy okresie programowania przez okres 20 lat, w drugim zaś przez okres 15 lat. W latach 2004–2006 rolnicy złożyli 127,7 tys. wnioskow, w ramach ktorych zrealizowano płatności w wysokości 167,9 mln zł.

Author: Tomasz Zacłona
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 152-168
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201109
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201109.pdf

Streszczenie:

W naukach o zarządzaniu wizerunek traktowany jest często jako środek zaradczy na wypadek kryzysow pojawiających się w otoczeniu organizacji. Wiele teorii i koncepcji zarządzania pomija zagadnienie wizerunku nie doceniając jego kluczowej roli w zarządzaniu przedsiębiorstwem. Artykuł podejmuje probę wskazanie miejsca kształtowania wizerunku w instrumentarium zarządzania wspołczesnym przedsiębiorstwem.

an instrument of management shaping an image Marketing public relations management

Author: Agnieszka Kopyra-Klimek
Author: Andrzej Oleksy
Author: Tadeusz Zając
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 169-196
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ksm201110
PDF: ksm/15/ksm201110.pdf

Streszczenie:

Uprawne formy lnu zwyczajnego (Linum usitatissimum L.) czyli włoknista, przejściowa i oleista mają odmienne wymagania rolniczo-klimatyczne, rzutujące na cechy użytkowe. W naszym kraju od czasow najdawniejszych aż do końca XIX wieku, wiodące znaczenie miał len włoknisty. Uprawa lnu na włokno miała charakter powszechny, a z nasion otrzymywano wartościowy olej, ktorego dobroczynny wpływ na organizm ludzki stwierdzono niedawno. Znaczący spadek powierzchni uprawy lnu włoknistego na ziemiach polskich nastąpił w drugiej połowie XIX wieku, w wyniku systematycznego zastępowania wyrobow lnianych bawełnianymi lub wełnianymi Pomimo że forma lnu w włoknista umożliwia produkcję włokna lnianego odznaczające go się wysoką jakością, to pod koniec XX wieku prawie zanikła w uprawie. W ostatnim czasie podejmuje się uprawę lnu oleistego i wykorzystanie produktów lniarskich, głownie całych nasion i produktow uzyskanych na bazie oleju lnianego. Asumptem dla tych prob jest unikatowy skład oleju lnianego, jako stabilnego i najtańszego źrodła kwasu α-linolenowego.

α-linolenic acid fatty acids seeds yield utilization past cultivation

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