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Vol. 1(28)

Spis treści

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 3-6
DOI Address: -
PDF: npw/28/npw28toc.pdf

SPIS TREŚCI / CONTENTS / ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ

Działalność Unii Europejskiej przeciw pandemii COVID-19 na Ukrainie

Author: Marta Labuda
Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5327-9426
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 9-21
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212801
PDF: npw/28/npw2801.pdf

European Union Activity Against the COVID-19 Pandemic in Ukraine

The article is an attempt to look at the activity of the European Union against the COVID19 pandemic in Ukraine. The purpose of the research is to demonstrate successes and failures of the EU’s activity in this area. The main research question posed in the article is: How did the EU’s activity affect the course of the pandemic in Ukraine? The main research hypothesis is statement that the EU’s activity has caused a significant mobilization in implementing reforms in Ukraine, but so far it has not resulted in a decrease in the number of COVID-19 cases in the country. The research has been based on a qualitative methodology, with the document analysis strategy. The research material consisted of primary acts of the EU’s institutions, government data of Ukraine and internet portals devoted to the issue. Research shows that the EU’s activity against the COVID-19 pandemic in Ukraine has proved successful in terms of the need to finance actions to overcome the negative effects of it.

Ukraine European Union crisis pandemic COVID-19 Украина Европейский Союз Ковид-19

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Status and Role of the Young Generation in the Social and Political Space of Georgia

Author: Katarzyna Skiert-Andrzejuk
Institution: Collegium Civitas
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4451-5092
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 22-42
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212802
PDF: npw/28/npw2802.pdf

Status and Role of the Young Generation in the Social and Political Space of Georgia

The aim of the paper is to examine the status and role of the young generation in the social and political space of Georgia. The paper states that the young generation of Georgians does not enjoy high social status, even though the young can and probably will constitute the future elite of Georgian society. To analyze this research problem, I have used a number of research methods based partly on secondary sources. Three main research methods have been used in the study-desk research method, comparison, and the statistical method based on secondary data that have been extracted from the Caucasus Research Resource Center (CRRC) database. The paper is a snapshot of studies on the theory of notions of “status” and “role”, and it presents the work of Polish scholars. Moreover, the paper opens the door to further research on the young and democracy in Georgia. The studied issue is essential for analyzing the perception of democracy and democratization among the generations in Georgia. The paper is part of a series of articles on the opinion of the young generation of Georgians about democracy and democratization.

статус демократизация status role young Georgians young generation Georgia democracy democratization, Georgian society

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China as a Strategic Economic Partner in the Concepts of Russian Foreign Policy in the 2020s

Author: Rafał Lisiakiewicz
Institution: Cracow University of Economics
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8649-6518
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 43-65
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212803
PDF: npw/28/npw2803.pdf

China as a Strategic Economic Partner in the Concepts of Russian Foreign Policy in the 2020s

The article presents an idea of the possible Russian - Chinese strategic economic partnership at the beginning of the 21st century. The author indicates the main factors influencing Russian Federation foreign policy towards China from the perspective of a neoclassical realism.The author stands that according to J. Rosenau, the main factors determining the Russian foreign policy are idiosyncratic and role. Then he analyses the Russian documents of foreign policy, economic data and geopolitical ideas. On that ground, he makes a simple analyse using the neoclassical realism model, that’s integrates Foreign Policy Analyse and International Relations Theory, joining independent and intervening variables, to support the article’s hypotheses. That hypotheses say that, firstly, The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) plays a role of diversification of Russia’s international economic ties; and secondly, The PRC status as a Russia’s strategic partner is at issue, despite the official declarations of both sides.

geopolitics Russian Chinese partnership Russian foreign policy China Russia геополитика российско-китайское партнерство Китай Россия

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The policy of the People’s Republic of China towards Central and Eastern Europe in 2012-2020

Author: Adam Kuź
Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5022-7137
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 66-84
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212804
PDF: npw/28/npw2804.pdf

The policy of the People’s Republic of China towards Central and Eastern Europe in 2012-2020

In the second decade of the 21st century, the Middle Kingdom, which had huge financial surpluses, became the world’s largest exporter of money capital, which meant that investment policy became the main element of China’s foreign policy. In the case of Central and Eastern Europe, the 16+1 (17+1) format, containing both investment policy and soft power elements, has become the basic tool of the general policy of Middle Kingdom. This article aims to define the basic principles of China’s policy towards Central and Eastern Europe. For this purpose, the following general hypothesis was formulated: Chinese policy in Central and Eastern Europe consists of presenting the countries of this region with initiatives that do not go beyond the sphere of declarations and serve as a bargaining chip in relations with Germany, the country with the greatest potential in the European Union. The general hypothesis gives rise to detailed hypotheses that were verified in individual parts of the article with the use of the comparative method. The reasons most often mentioned in the literature on the subject, such as economic, cultural, social, and political differentiation of Central and Eastern European countries, legal barriers resulting from EU legislation, insufficient recognition of the region’s needs by the Chinese side and asymmetry of expectations of both parties, undoubtedly largely contribute to the lack of effective Sino-CEE cooperation. However, they cannot be considered decisive because similar problems occur wherever Chinese companies appear. However, in many regions of the world, despite these obstacles, mutual economic relations are more dynamic than in CEE. The reasons why the potential of the 16+1 (17+1) format has not been properly used can be found primarily in the context of German-Chinese relations.

Китай Центральная и Восточная Европа 16+1 China CEE Germany China-CEE China-UE

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From Economic to Geopolitical Policy: The Middle East on the Silk Road

Author: Yousif Khalaf
Institution: University of Warsaw
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4877-805X
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 85-103
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212805
PDF: npw/28/npw2805.pdf

From Economic to Geopolitical Policy: The Middle East on the Silk Road

The article aims to present and evaluate the activities and politics of the People’s Republic of China in the Middle East, and to define its objectives through the Silk Project. It will provide an overview of the most important changes in the Chinese foreign and political policy, and the importance of the Middle East, particularly the Silk Road to China, and it will try to answer the following questions: How important is the Middle East for the Silk Road? Will the Chinese project bring stability to the region in light of the fierce competition between the great powers? The article adopted the hypothesis that China’s involvement in the Middle East will deepen the conflict between the countries of the region among themselves, and thus become a fertile ground for international conflicts to the international conflict.

geopolitics Middle East China Silk Road геополитика Ближний Восток Китай Шелковый путь

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Reformy społeczno-polityczne w Uzbekistanie w czasie prezydentury Szawkata Mirzijojewa

Author: Przemysław Sieradzan
Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9255-7417
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 104-127
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212806
PDF: npw/28/npw2806.pdf

Socio-political Reforms in Uzbekistan during the Presidency of Shavkat Mirziyoyev

The paper aims to present various aspects of the reform process initiated and implemented by Shavkhat Mirziyoyev, the president of the Republic of Uzbekistan, since 2016. The main subjects of consideration are vectors of political change in the spheres of institutions of political power, economy and foreign policy in the broader context of the legacy of the first president Islam Karimov’s reign and the heritage of the Soviet period. The fundamental reforms have embraced democratization of political system, fight against corruption, extension of civil rights and abandoning of isolationism in international relations, and are sometimes decribed as the „Uzbek Thaw”. However they seem to be very meaningful, one will be able to evaluate their significance for the statehood of the independent Uzbekistan only from the perspective of future decades.

Узбекистан Центральная Азия геополитика Uzbekistan Central Asia reforms liberalization transformation clanishness corruption isolationism geopolitics

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Przeciwdziałanie nielegalnej imigracji do Polski na granicy polsko-ukraińskiej w latach 2009-2019

Author: Grzegorz Tutak
Institution: Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4705-0446
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 128-148
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212807
PDF: npw/28/npw2807.pdf

Counteracting Illegal Immigration to Poland on the Polish-Ukrainian Border in 2009-2019

Illegal migration is one of the most frequently committed border crimes. The cooperation of states and specialized services in the field of combating and counteracting illegal migration is an expression of the implementation of the overriding goal, which is the security of the state and its citizens. As shown by the statistics of the Border Guard, the Polish-Ukrainian border is characterized by the greatest personal traffic. In 2009-2019, most illegal immigration was recorded on this section of the border. The article discusses the scale and scope of the phenomenon of illegal immigration on the Polish-Ukrainian border, and highlights the cooperation of services and organizations competent in this field.

иностранцы cross-border crime Border Guard foreigners cross-border cooperation illegal migration

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Sieć 5G w perspektywie polskich zmian normatywnych

Author: Paula Tomaszewska
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0583-0938
Author: Krzysztof Fila
Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8386-1775
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 149-168
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212808
PDF: npw/28/npw2808.pdf

The 5G Network in the Perspective of Polish Normative Changes

The article aims to diagnose the potential for introducing 5G in Poland and to review the legal changes that affect the dynamics of the Polish telecommunications market. The authors will try to answer the following questions: how is Poland responding to the USChinese competition for primacy over 5G technology? What is the technological dilemma of Poland’s security? What legal assumptions does Poland intend to adopt in relation to 5G technology? Does the Polish side demonstrate discriminatory actions against any leader in the field of 5G technology development? One of the conclusions of the article is the statement that 5G technology will require not only technical or business changes, but above all systemic and legal changes in the Polish social reality will be necessary. In the course of the research precedings the method of critical content analysis was chosen - in the area of political science research, as well as the formal and dogmatic method to penetrate the plane of the binding law. Hence, the combination of the two indicated methods should result in a multifaceted argument covering two research fields indicated in the title.

legal changes technological competition Huawei 5G technology 5G in Poland правовые изменения технология 5G

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Spojrzeć poza Europę [recenzja książki Chińska filozofia Historii. Od początków do końca XVIII wieku]

Author: Mateusz Janik
Institution: Polska Akademia Nauk
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5918-9272
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 171-179
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212809
PDF: npw/28/npw2809.pdf

Looking beyond Europe

[book review Chińska fi lozofi a Historii. Od początków do końca XVIII wieku]

Заглянуть за пределы Европы

[рецензия книги Chińska fi lozofi a Historii. Od początków do końca XVIII wieku]

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Nowe spojrzenie na Chiny [recenzja książki Chiny z perspektywy XXI wieku]

Author: Marzena Mruk
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3529-0365
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 180-185
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212810
PDF: npw/28/npw2810.pdf

New Look on China

[book review Chiny z perspektywy XXI wieku]

Новый взгляд на Китай

[рецензия книги Chiny z perspektywy XXI wieku]

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To nie jest propaganda? [recenzja książki To nie jest propaganda. Przygody na wojnie z rzeczywistością]

Author: Joanna Baum
Institution: Badaczka niezależna
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9794-3114
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 186-192
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212811
PDF: npw/28/npw2811.pdf

This is not a propaganda?

[book review To nie jest propaganda. Przygody na wojnie z rzeczywistością]

Это не пропаганда?

[рецензия книги To nie jest propaganda. Przygody na wojnie z rzeczywistością]

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Dwie rocznice w historiografii i edukacji historycznej [recenzja książki Dwie rocznice. Obraz wojny polsko-bolszewickiej i zbrodni katyńskiej w historiografii i edukacji historycznej]

Author: Dominik Boratyn
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2335-7515
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 193-198
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212812
PDF: npw/28/npw2812.pdf

Two anniversaries in historiography and historical education

[book review Dwie rocznice. Obraz wojny polsko-bolszewickiej i zbrodni katyńskiej w historiografii i edukacji historycznej]

Два юбилея в историографии и историческом образовании

[рецензия книги Dwie rocznice. Obraz wojny polsko-bolszewickiej i zbrodni katyńskiej w historiografii i edukacji historycznej]

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