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Vol. 2(29)

Spis treści

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 3-6
DOI Address: -
PDF: npw/29/npw29toc.pdf


Wielowymiarowość migracji jako zjawiska badawczego

Author: Jarosław Och
Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0771-2732
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 9-25
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212901
PDF: npw/29/npw2901.pdf

Multidimensionality of migration as a research phenomenon

Acting in the area of migration, research interest of many scientific disciplines are the subject of interdisciplinary research, as well as gathered in a circle one discipline. The complexity of the concept of migration results in many ways of its classification; often diverse perspective to look at the processes of displacement reveals the complex nature of the criteria for classification, although sometimes it turns out that they do not cover all the ways of perceiving and analyzing. Migration as a social phenomenon have been and is shaped by diverse conglomeration of contemporary factors and conditions.

analyzing classification Multidimensionality многомерность migration

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Формирование отрицательного образа Запада в белорусских медиа после политического кризиса 2020 года. Кейс телеканала ОНТ

Author: Taras Polovyi
Institution: Lviv Polytechnic National University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7908-6606
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 26-40
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212902
PDF: npw/29/npw2902.pdf

Formation of a negative image of the West in the Belarusian media after the political crisis of 2020. The case of ONT TV channel

This article presents the results of the content monitoring of news programs of the Belarusian state TV channel ONT. Revealed, that from a certain period on the Belarusian television pro-Russian narratives used to create a negative image of the West in the viewer have been promoted. Shown that in the stories of this media the West is portrayed in the context of its destructive impact on the Republic of Belarus. Noted, that special attention is paid to the protests of 2020 in Belarus. According to the rhetoric of the ONT TV channel, the mentioned actions, being inspired by Western countries, are an element of the West’s war against Russia. The author attempted to analyze the attitude of the Belarusian society to the Western world. Emphasized, that the fixed sociologists’ attitude of Belarusians to the West indicates that the bipolar picture of the world offered by this TV channel, at this stage, is generally not shared by the Belarusian society.

образ Запада the portrayal of the West pro-Russian narratives anti-Western rhetoric Belarusian television ONT TV channel

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Dziedzictwo przeszłości i pamięć historyczna jako czynniki determinujące politykę bezpieczeństwa. Przypadek polityki zagranicznej i obronnej Polski 1918-1944/45 r.

Author: Leszek Kuk
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7263-0381
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 41-82
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212903
PDF: npw/29/npw2903.pdf

The heritage of the past and historical memory as factors determining security policy. The case of Polish foreign and defense policy 1918-1944/45

The shaping of the security and defence policy of the Second Polish Republic took place primarily under the influence of the development of the domestic situation in the country and evolution of the European security system. However, in the case of Poland, experience and historical memory played a greater role in this field than in the case of other countries. Poland as a state did not exist for a dangerously long 123 years. During that period, as a kind of substitute for the Polish state, the so-called “Question polonaise/Polish Question” was present in the political life and security of system Europe, that is all problems related to the Polish nation’s efforts to regain the state, which often manifested itself in the form of armed uprisings. It was so difficult to solve that it remained unresolved throughout the nineteenth century. Both the circumstances of the collapse of the Polish state and the evolution of the «question polonaise» in the «long» nineteenth century (for Poland from 1795 to 1918) provided Europe with experiences going in different directions, evoking on the one hand certain hopes and expectations, but on the other hand doubts, and even fears. As a result, in 1918, the project of restoring the Polish state was universally (and irrevocably!) accepted, but no agreement was reached on its borders, and thus, indirectly, on its socio-economic system. The year 1918 should be seen not only as the end of the century of the struggle for independence, but also as the opening of the next century, the century of the struggle to maintain the Polish state and to give it a form corresponding to the aspirations of the nation and accepted by the geopolitical surroundings of Poland. In the short interwar period, those efforts were not successful. Faced with the evolution of the international situation and the European security system, unfavourable for Poland, the political elites largely failed. They came from the upper and privileged social classes, mainly from the post-feudal layer of landowners and from the intelligentsia, rooted in that layer, both of whom were especially numerous in Poland. In many areas of key importance from the point of view of the security of the country and of the nation, they were unable to break out of the circle of ideas and views taken from the past. In their political thinking, they were subject to the limitations typical of post-feudal landowning layers. And so, in the internal dimension, they did not manage to make the effort to reform social relations in the form of a radical land reform, or to give real equality to national minorities (especially Ukrainian and Jewish). They also failed to prevent the evolution of the state system in an anti-democratic and authoritarian direction. In the external dimension, they failed to properly assess the potentials, intentions, and actions of the two totalitarian powers which bordered on Poland, namely the Third Reich and the Soviet Union.

«польский вопрос/question polonaise» в XIX веке европейская система безопасности 1815-1914 внешняя политика Второй Польской Республики Polish Question/question polonaise in the XIXth century European security system 1815-1914 Versailles collective security system foreign policy of the Second Polish Republic Polish power cencepts in the interwar period Polish political élite between the Wars (1918-1939) Polish German relations 1918-1939 Polish Soviet relations 1918-1939

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Przebieg współpracy gospodarczej między Polską a państwami Partnerstwa Wschodniego po 1992 roku

Author: Karolina Kotulewicz-Wisińska
Institution: Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Krakowie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7416-4898
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 83-110
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212904
PDF: npw/29/npw2904.pdf

The course of economic cooperation between Poland and the Eastern Partnership countries after 1992

The article presents the current state of conditions for the development of economic ties between Poland and the Eastern Partnership countries after 1992. Over the next few years, relations between Poland and the former USSR states gradually evolved as a result of the introduced economic reforms, the opening of economies and changes in the international environment. From the formal and legal point of view, the development of trade and the broader economic ties between Poland and the Eastern Partnership countries began in 1991, and we have had adequate, relatively comparable statistical data since 1995. The most important changes took place when Poland joined the European Union. An important platform for intensifying cooperation with the former USSR states was created by the launch of the EU Eastern Partnership initiative, which covers Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. Therefore, the study covered the state of economic ties between Poland and the Eastern Partnership countries. The study attempts to show the place of Poland in the foreign trade of the EaP countries and vice versa, outlining the trend of the dynamics of trade between the above-mentioned partners and determining the degree of complementarity of the trade structure.

экономическое сотрудничество foreign investment Азербайджан Польша Украина economic cooperation Moldova Azerbaijan Georgia Belarus Armenia Poland trade Ukraine

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Wojna w Donbasie - przyczynek do rozważań nad niedopowiedzeniami teorii wojny sprawiedliwej1

Author: Paweł Neumann-Karpiński
Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7776-6563
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 111-123
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212905
PDF: npw/29/npw2905.pdf

War in Donbas - considerations on the understatements of the just war theory

The following article covers the analysis of the War in Donbas from the perspective of the “traditional concept of a just war” (as interpreted by Michael Walzer). The main axis of the analysis is determined by the issue of the possibility of third countries intervening in armed conflicts concerning the specific case of the War in Donbas. The text indicates the key factors that make it impossible to develop a conflict in eastern Ukraine according to traditional just war theories, such as the pursuit of incomplete secession of pro-Russian separatists, the status of the Russian Federation as an unofficial participant in the conflict, and the problem of the “reality” of the separatist intention itself. Therefore, the main problem of this work is the interpretation of Russian actions from the perspective of the principle of non-intervention, and the attitude of other third countries and their right to (not) intervene in this conflict, and its conclusion - in the author’s opinion - indicates the need to update the theory of just war, in a way that would clearly indicate the proper conduct in the event of secession in favour of the existing state.

Military Interventions secession just war theory just war War in Donbas военное вмешательство

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Zjawisko borderyzacji w polityce gruzińskich i osetyjskich elit władzy

Author: Agnieszka Tomczyk
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7063-5130
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 124-144
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212906
PDF: npw/29/npw2906.pdf

Borderization in the politics of Georgian and South Ossetian power elites

The dissolution of the Soviet Union led to both the restoration of independent states and the emergence of entities with the status of unrecognized states. In the aftermath of the five-day Georgia-Russia conflict of August 2008, the borderization incidents have intensified. The process involves the installation of barbed fences along the Administrative Boundary Line (ABL) between Georgia and South Ossetia, and shifting border marks deep into the Georgia-controlled territory to transform the official ceasefire line into an international border by the Russian FSB border guards. The paper aims to examine how ‘borderization’ activities have affected the politics of Georgian and South Ossetian ruling elites. By becoming a part of the political and social debate, border incidents have allowed victimization the Georgian nation to be presented to the world. However, especially in 2012-2013, the two main political parties in Georgia differed in their perceptions of borderization. From South Ossetian perspective, in turn, the process has served as a manifestation of strengthening national identity, independence from Georgia, and above all, the belief in Ossetian statehood guaranteed by Russia’s military presence and the growing importance of the military elite. The methodology of the work is based on the case study approach, as well as critical analysis of literature, documents, web content and a review of archival materials. The paper also includes data obtained during the 2018 and 2019 field research in Abkhazia and in the IDPs camp in Shavshvebi, near the Georgian-Ossetian border.

Russia Georgia political elites borderization unrecognized states South Ossetia Россия Грузия

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Długa droga do wolności - problemy adaptacyjne północnokoreańskich uciekinierów w Korei Południowej

Author: Natalia Matiaszczyk
Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1310-0732
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 145-163
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212907
PDF: npw/29/npw2907.pdf

The long way to freedom - adaptation problems of North Korean defectors in South Korea

Although South Korea and North Korea have shared a common national and cultural heritage for thousands of years, they have become de facto stranger to each other in the last few decades. They differ not only in a different political and economic system, but also in the mentality and lifestyle of ordinary citizens, and in language. Since the 1990s, the number of North Korean defectors has increased. Those who decide to escape to South Korea encounter many problems in their new homeland. The aims of this article is to present the main adaptation problems faced by North Korean defectors, such as trauma, discrimination and problems with assimilation in South Korean society. There are also shown the examples of how to overcome or reduce them, as well as what support from the South Korean authorities looks like.

migrants South Korea adaptation identity North Korean defectors мигранты

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Szanghaj jako międzynarodowe centrum finansowe - osiągnięcia i wyzwania dla dalszego rozwoju

Author: Ewa Radomska
Institution: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. Komisji Edukacji Narodowej w Krakowie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9503-534X
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 164-184
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212908
PDF: npw/29/npw2908.pdf

Shanghai as an international finance center - the achievements and challenges for further development

The purpose of the study was to analyze selected actions, which were and are important for Shanghai to obtain the status of the international financial center, together with an initial assessment of the achievements and an indication of the challenges for further development. The carried out analysis shows, that Shanghai strengthens its position as the world’s leading international financial center. Whereas it is necessary for its further development to implement reliable market rules, that will give certainty to investors (domestic and foreign) that they have an open and fair access to the market and their interests are protected. The transparency and growing maturity of the stock market, the full liberalization of capital flows and the full interchangeability of the chinese currency play an important role. Whether Shanghai will be given the right to valuation global financial assets, depends to a significant extent on the alignment of China’s economic development and progress in the internationalization of the yuan. It also depends on whether the leading foreign financial organizations will see Shanghai as the most important platform to draw dividends from China’s economic development and the internationalization of the chinese currency. In the event of these basic conditions not being completed, Shanghai will not be able to become a fully global, mature financial center, integrated into the global financial system, taking into account, for example, the degree of internationalization of stock exchange operations.

China yuan international finance center financial market Shanghai Китай юань

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Dylematy i paradygmaty polityki imigracyjnej oraz integracyjnej [recenzja książki Imigranci z Bliskiego Wschodu w polityce Unii Europejskiej]

Author: Tadeusz Bodio
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8873-7434
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 187-194
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212909
PDF: npw/29/npw2909.pdf

Дилеммы и парадигмы иммиграционной и интеграционной политики

[рецензия книги Imigranci z Bliskiego Wschodu w polityce Unii Europejskiej]

Dilemmas and paradigms of immigration and integration policy

[book review Imigranci z Bliskiego Wschodu w polityce Unii Europejskiej]

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Społeczności świata Orientu na wyciągnięcie ręki [recenzja książki The World of Islam in Research Perspectives of Oriental Studies and Political Science. Vol. 2: Society]

Author: Kamil Pietrasik
Institution: Towarzystwo Azji i Pacyfiku
ORCID: https//orcid.org/0000-0002-8579-0659
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 195-202
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212910
PDF: npw/29/npw2910.pdf

Восточные общины у вас под рукой

[рецензия книги The World of Islam in Research Perspectives of Oriental Studies and Political Science. Vol. 2: Society]

Communities of the Orient at your fingertips

[book review The World of Islam in Research Perspectives of Oriental Studies and Political Science. Vol. 2: Society]

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Wielowymiarowość procesów, problemów i wyzwań obszaru poradzieckiego [recenzja książki Polityka, prawo, kultura i bezpieczeństwo na obszarze poradzieckim]

Author: Grzegorz Tutak
Institution: Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4705-0446
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 203-209
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212911
PDF: npw/29/npw2911.pdf

Многомерность процессов, проблем и вызовов на постсоветском пространстве

[рецензия книги Polityka, prawo, kultura i bezpieczeństwo na obszarze poradzieckim]

Multidimensionality of processes, problems and challenges of the post-Soviet area

[book review Polityka, prawo, kultura i bezpieczeństwo na obszarze poradzieckim]

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Exposé Prezesów Rady Ministrów po 1989 roku [recenzja książki Exposé Prezesów Rady Ministrów 1989-2019]Exposé of Prime Ministers after 1989 [book review Exposé Prezesów Rady Ministrów 1989-2019]

Author: Lech Wyszczelski
Institution: Akademia Obrony Narodowej w Warszawie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2063-4281
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 210-214
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212912
PDF: npw/29/npw2912.pdf

Exposé of Prime Ministers after 1989

[book review Exposé Prezesów Rady Ministrów 1989–2019]

Доклады премьер-министров после 1989 года

[рецензия книги Exposé Prezesów Rady Ministrów 1989–2019]

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