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Vol. 2(33)

Spis treści

Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 3-6
DOI Address: -
PDF: npw/33/npw33toc.pdf

SPIS TREŚCI / CONTENTS / ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ

Systemic Geopolitical Analysis in the research of power distribution in Eastern Europe

Author: Erwin Metera
Institution: Political Science Alumni Association of the University of Warsaw
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9003-5810
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 9-20
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20223301
PDF: npw/33/npw3301.pdf

Systemic Geopolitical Analysis in the research of power distribution in Eastern Europe

The article presents Systemic Geopolitical Analysis, which as a scientific method can be an important tool for studying the distribution of power in Eastern Europe, supporting the assumptions of structural realism with an element of quantitative research. This region, as a place where spheres of influence and the ensuing economic and potentially military conflicts meet, is an area where the knowledge of the most precise distribution of power may be a crucial element in the analysis of the genesis of conflicts, the shifts in power distribution during their course, as well as in the prediction of future flashpoints. Being the first attempt to correlate Systemic Geopolitical Analysis with the issue of conflicts in Eastern Europe, the paper contains a hypothesis that Systemic Geopolitical Analysis is a research method that enables an effective analysis of the geopolitical reality in the region because of: 1) the conflicts occurring in the system due to differences in power distribution; 2) the nature of the components of power, measurable by the means of Systemic Geopolitical Analysis. Confirming the above hypothesis, the article points to the economic aspect, linked to the Russian natural gas exports, and the military aspect, by taking into account the characteristics of contemporary tensions in the region, which reduce the role of supra-systemic reserves.

Системный Геополитический Анализ геополитика Systemic Geopolitical Analysis Eastern Europe geopolitics methodology international conflicts structural realism

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Przywłaszczenie historii jako sposób walki informacyjno-psychologicznej Rosji przeciwko Ukrainie

Author: Olga Wasiuta
Institution: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. KEN w Krakowie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0481-1567
Author: Sergiusz Wasiuta
Institution: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. KEN w Krakowie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3402-963X
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 21-44
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20223302
PDF: npw/33/npw3302.pdf

History usurpation as a method of the information and psychological fight of Russia against Ukraine

In the article, the authors analyze the activities of Russian Federation, which falsifies, rewrites, substitutes concepts, deals with the heroization and deheroization of some outstanding historical figures and appropriates the historical past of the Ukrainian nation, arguing that Ukraine is an integral part of Russia’s history and its cultural space. The aim of the article is to analyze the usurpation and falsification of history as a means of war, including information war of Russia against Ukraine.

Россия «русский мир» Russia Russian world (Russkiy mir) Russian historical propaganda disinformation techniques

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Kryzys migracyjny na granicy polsko-białoruskiej i jego wpływ na bezpieczeństwo Polski

Author: Andrzej Wawrzusiszyn
Institution: Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7587-136X
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 45-65
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20223303
PDF: npw/33/npw3303.pdf

The migration crisis on the Polish-Belarusian border and its influence on the safety of Poland

Poland is under controlled migratory pressure on the border with Belarus. The influx of third-country nationals is supported by Belarusian state services. These activities are hybrid in their nature, and their aim is to destabilize the situation in Poland and the European Union. Although Poland has taken adequate measures to protect and defend its border, these events are a test of the effectiveness and efficiency of the functioning of the state security system. The purpose of this considerations is to present the events taking place on the PolishBelarusian border and their impact on the security of our state. In the methodological aspect, media and press reports, analysis of source materials and observation of the development of the situation were used. The result of the above is the fact that the migration crisis has not ended and continues to generate serious threats to Poland.

граница безопасность border illegal migration crisis security humanitarianism

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The Influence of Political Processes and the War in Ukraine on the Formation of Generation Alpha and the iGeneration (Z): Defining Specific Features

Author: Liudmyla Kryvachuk
Institution: Pedagogical University of Kraków
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3083-4781
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 66-89
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20223304
PDF: npw/33/npw3304.pdf

The Influence of Political Processes and the War in Ukraine on the Formation of Generation Alpha and the iGeneration (Z): Defining Specific Features

The article attempts to analyse and define the specific features of the iGeneration (Z) and Generation Alpha in Ukraine in the context of the political processes and the war taking place in Ukrainian society. The article discusses the generation issues, taking into account the characteristics of the iGeneration (Z) and Generation Alpha. Assuming that a generation is an identifiable group of people who share a similar time of birth and significant events at critical stages of development, the article presents an original approach to determining the specific features of the iGeneration (Z) and Generation Alpha in Ukraine. The Orange Revolution (2004), the Revolution of Dignity (2014) and the hybrid war (2014-2022) and Russian-Ukrainian war (from 24.02.2022) had a significant impact on the formation of the iGeneration (Z) and Generation Alpha in Ukraine.

Украина политические процессы iGeneration (Z) generation Alpha Ukraine geopolitical processes hybrid war Russian-Ukrainian war social policy social problems children child at a younger school age young generation

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Migracja zarobkowa z Azji Centralnej do Rosji w dobie pandemii COVID-19

Author: Andrzej Stopczyński
Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9795-725X
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 90-108
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20223305
PDF: npw/33/npw3305.pdf

Labor migration from Central Asia to Russia during the COVID-19 pandemic

Like most countries in the world, the Russian Federation has also been struggling with the coronavirus pandemic that causes the COVID-19 disease since the beginning of 2020. The pandemic has harmed many areas of life in Russia, including social, demographic and economic issues. The changes also affected the labor market, which to a large extent is shaped by economic migrants from Central Asia. The situation of the economic migrants themselves has also changed significantly. Many of them lost their jobs, especially in the first half of 2020. Due to sanitary restrictions and the closure of borders, the number of Central Asian residents who decided to leave for Russia has significantly decreased. Experts emphasize that economic migrants make a significant contribution to the development of the Russian economy and the economies of Central Asian countries. This article aims to present how the Covid-19 pandemic influenced the shape of economic migration from Central Asia to Russia in the context of changing employment conditions and the socio-economic situation, both in Russia and the countries of the region.

Central Asia migrants Russia COVID-19 pandemic Средняя Азия мигранты Российская Федерация

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Russian economic nationalism and the vectors of Russian foreign policy

Author: Rafał Lisiakiewicz
Institution: Cracow University of Economics
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8649-6518
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 109-130
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20223306
PDF: npw/33/npw3306.pdf

Russian economic nationalism and the vectors of Russian foreign policy

In this article, the author wants to test the impact of economic nationalism on the change in Russia’s foreign policy. The author will refer to neoclassical realism, which shows how to combine the issues of power distribution in international relations with the influence of the domestic level of the state on the process of creation of the foreign policy. In terms of neoclassical realism, economic nationalism is a variable that shapes the perception of the economic challenges facing Russia. The author also points out that economic nationalism is also related to the protectionist policy of the Russian Federation. Thus, it influences the shaping of processes within and outside the country. The author recognizes that in the process of creating the Russian foreign policy decisions, economic nationalism should be linked to other factors, especially security issues and Russia’s general strategic culture, in order to obtain the final set of premises that will determine Russia’s shifts in foreign policy. The tensions related to the role of the EU and NATO in the countries of Eastern Europe clearly influenced the level of cooperation between Russia and the West. Nevertheless, economic issues in this regard were also extremely important. Russia’s power position was based on the economic potential.

Российская внешняя политика Russian foreign policy nationalism economy

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Szafranizacja Indii? Hindutwa w rządach Narendry Modiego w latach 2014-2021

Author: Tomasz Okraska
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2794-7811
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 131-155
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20223307
PDF: npw/33/npw3307.pdf

Saffronization of India? Hindutwa ideology in the rule of Narendra Modi in 2014-2021

In the era of Narendra Modi’s rule in India, we are dealing with a significant increase in the importance of Hinduva. This applies not only to the rhetoric and practice of goverment’s actions, but also to the general change of the socio-political climate. It can be said about the transition of the said ideology to the Indian mainstream. In turn, the most important threads related to the interpretation of Hinduva are distrust towards the followers of Islam and the desire to subordinate them to the Hindu majority. From this conviction and electoral calculation follow further anti-Muslim actions, whether taken directly by Modi’s government, or approved by it, or at least not blocked. The situation of Indian Muslims has deteriorated significantly in so many fields since 2014 that the use of “saffronization of India” to illustrate this phenomenon seems appropriate. It means glorifying the role of the followers of the Hindu religion in India, while diminishing the importance of other religious groups, especially in the historical context.

Хиндутва ислам Hindutwa hinduism Islam Muslims Modi

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Realizacja chińskiej koncepcji Digital Silk Road - kazus Serbii

Author: Paula Tomaszewska
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0583-0938
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 156-170
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20223308
PDF: npw/33/npw3308.pdf

Implementation of the Chinese Concept of Digital Silk Road - Case Study of Serbia

Until now, mainly traditional infrastructure projects have been implemented under the auspices of the Chinese Belt and Road. However, more and more often one can hear about its next component, i.e. the Digital Silk Road (DSR). In this way, China is expanding its “technospheres” - geographic areas where it is building its edge in terms of data and information gathering. These technospheres directly supply China with this most valuable commodity - the so-called “New oil” or data. PRC activities of this type translate into various regions of the world - including Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), including the Balkan countries. The research objective of the article is to analyze the assumptions of the digital component of the Belt and Road initiative in the selected Balkan country, i.e. in Serbia. It is also important to examine China’s strategy and measures towards that country. The author will try to answer the following research questions: (1) What is the Digital Silk Road?, (2) What opportunities and threats result from its implementation?, (3) How the CEE region, and the Balkan countries in particular, approach the cooperation offered by the PRC?, (4) What is the US Clean Web Initiative, and (5) What is Serbia’s reaction to digital propositions made by the PRC? The conducted analysis will allow for the definition of the mechanisms of operation of the RDI initiative, in particular its digital component in the Balkans, as well as it will be useful in research on the broader context of China’s foreign policy. The article uses the analysis of existing data (desk research).

Сербия Китайская Народная Республика Serbia Digital Silk Road People’s Republic of China digital initiative

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Report on the promotion event of Chinese literature “Spotlight on Chinese culture”, Toruń, April 27, 2022

Author: Iga Bączkowska
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7053-8429
Author: Bartosz Kuczyński
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1231-6320
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 173-176
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20223309
PDF: npw/33/npw3309.pdf

Отчет с мероприятии по продвижению китайской литературы «В центре внимания китайская культура», Торунь, 27 апреля 2022 г.

Wieloaspektowość funkcjonowania współczesnego Bliskiego Wschodu [recenzja książki Bliski Wschód – tożsamość i polityka]

Author: Marzena Mruk
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
ORCID: ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3529-0365
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 179-185
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20223310
PDF: npw/33/npw3310.pdf

The multifaceted functioning of the contemporary Middle East [book review Bliski Wschód – tożsamość i polityka]

Многогранное функционирование современного Ближнего Востока [рецензия книги Bliski Wschód – tożsamość i polityka]

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Być patriotą, ale czego? [recenzja książki W poszukiwaniu nowej Medyny. Muzułmańskie wizje niepodległych Indii u schyłku panowania brytyjskiego]

Author: Tomasz Flasiński
Institution: Polska Akademia Nauk
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2258-824X
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 186-199
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20223311
PDF: npw/33/npw3311.pdf

To be a patriot, but of what? [book review W poszukiwaniu nowej Medyny. Muzułmańskie wizje niepodległych Indii u schyłku panowania brytyjskiego]

Быть патриотом, но чего? [рецензия книги W poszukiwaniu nowej Medyny. Muzułmańskie wizje niepodległych Indii u schyłku panowania brytyjskiego]

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Discussion on the development of agriculture in China [book review Rozwój Rolnictwa w Chinach]

Author: Szymon Ostrowski
Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3592-4409
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 200-202
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20223312
PDF: npw/33/npw3312.pdf

TОбсуждение развития сельского хозяйства в Китае [рецензия книги Rozwój Rolnictwa w Chinach]

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