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Active labour market policies response to Ukrainian citizens entering the European Union’s labour market

Author: Oleksandra Struk
Institution: University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5316-9630
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 151-170
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20233808
PDF: npw/38/npw3808.pdf

The article contains a thorough analysis of the European active labour market policies in the face of the influx of Ukrainians following the outbreak of the Russia’s full-scale aggression against Ukraine. An overview of the temporary protection regulations for Ukrainians adopted by the EU states made it possible to determine the conditions of legal residence and labour market access. Statistical data and surveys conducted by international institutions became the basis for identification the Ukrainian refugee’s profile on the EU labour market. Thus, the vast majority of Ukrainian citizens staying in EU states are women with higher-than-average educational level; good or high proficiency in English; who used to work before the war with a non-negligible share in the health and education sectors; and who often work below their qualification. In addition, an analytical comparison was undertaken to highlight the image of migrants who came to Poland before February 24, 2022 and that of war refugees who have arrived following the outbreak of the war in Ukraine. Acceptance of Ukrainians by Poles, remarkable similarities between countries in terms of culture, favourable access to the labour market and healthcare are of the utmost significance for both economic migrants and war refugees.

Ответ активной политики на рынке труда на выход украинских граждан на рынок труда Европейского Союза

Статья содержит тщательный анализ активной политики Европы на рынке труда в условиях притока украинцев после начала полномасштабной агрессии России против Украины. Обзор правил временной защиты украинцев, принятых в странах ЕС, позволил определить условия легального проживания и доступа на рынок труда. Статистические данные и исследования, проведенные международными институтами, стали основой для определения профиля украинских беженцев на рынке труда ЕС. Таким образом, подавляющее большинство граждан Украины, проживающих в странах ЕС, составляют женщины с уровнем образования выше среднего; хорошее или высокое знание английского языка; которые до войны работали с немалой долей в секторах здравоохранения и образования; и которые часто работают ниже своей квалификации. Кроме того, было проведено аналитическое сравнение, чтобы выделить имидж мигрантов, приехавших в Польшу до 24 февраля 2022 года, и военных беженцев, прибывших после начала войны в Украине. Принятие украинцев поляками, замечательное сходство между странами с точки зрения культуры, благоприятный доступ к рынку труда и здравоохранению имеют первостепенное значение как для экономических мигрантов, так и для военных беженцев.

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temporary protection labour market policy Russia’s full-scale aggression against Ukraine Ukrainian refugees European Union Poland

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