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Vol. 2(9)

Polityka wschodnia RP Uwarunkowania i efekty

Author: Karol B. Janowski
Year of publication: 2015
Pages: 15-36
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2015201
PDF: npw/09/npw2015201.pdf

In analyzing the mode in which Poland was settling its relations with Russia a deduction comes to mind that Poland remains under the spell of the syndromes which were either disposed of or dealt with by other European nations. Remaining is the challenge to solidify Poland’s position within the safety vault of heaven that is vouched by the West while establishing a pragmatic and rational and conflict free relationships with the East-Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and the Baltic countries, particularly Latvia. Thus, required is the ability to comprehend the Polish national interests, that is the Polish raison d’état, in a realistic and rational manner within the limits of the existing geopolitical situation of the competition, securing sustained competitive advantages, entering into alliances or compromises and making a long-term option.

syndrome raison d’état interest national interest foreign policy Russia

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Rosyjska polityka integracyjna w Azji Centralnej wobec aktywności Unii Europejskiej na tym obszarze Część II

Author: Sylwester Gardocki
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 37-55
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2015202
PDF: npw/09/npw2015202.pdf

The competition of Western states and Russia for influence in the area of Central Asia has a long history. Located in the centre of the continent, the Central Asian region is a kind of link between China and the countries of Southeast Asia, Afghanistan, the Middle East and a number of Islamic countries in the south, the Caucasus, Turkey, Europe and Russia – to the west and north. The beginning of the current development of the geopolitical situation in Central Asia falls on time of disintegration of the Soviet Union and emergence of independent republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The presented article describes the geopolitical situation of the region.

integration policies Central Asia Russia competition the European Union

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Euroazjatycka Wspólnota Gospodarcza i Szanghajska Organizacja Współpracy jako alternatywa dla Turcji wobec braku członkostwa w Unii Europejskiej

Author: Ahmet Burak
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 56-55
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2015203
PDF: npw/09/npw2015203.pdf

Turkey formally applied for membership in the European Union (EU) on April 14, 1987, but it took 12 years to get candidate status at the Helsinki summit of 1999. The year 2014 brought no breakthrough in the negotiations between the EU and Turkey. Public opinion polls show that many Turkish citizens have no hope of joining the EU. Waiting too long for membership in the EU is causing a lot of controversy in Turkey and is one of the most frequently raised issues in the political discourse. In the last three years, the Turkish political class and socjety became more and more sympathetic to perceived integration initiatives in the Eastern direction. Turkey has opened a new road in the form of accession to the Eurasian Union and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. What will happen if Turkey will support its way in this direction? How long can Turkey wait for admission to the EU? Where would it be better for Turkey? The Eastern Alliance or the Western?

Eurasian Union alternatives EU membership Turkey Shanghai Cooperation Organization the European Union

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Polityka zagraniczna Francji wobec Rosji w sektorze energetycznym

Author: Karolina J. Helnarska
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 66-84
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2015204
PDF: npw/09/npw2015204.pdf

The France on the international stage, with Russia can be changed while in the field of energy, trying to benefit from mutual cooperation. This comes from the desire of France to ensure the security of gas supplies, supply diversification, the strengthening of French companies in the field of energy in the European Energy market. France pursued a policy based on the security of supplies from sources of imports under long-term contracts. In addition to security issues and important economic role played by political issues. France is more active cooperation in economic matters and issues of energy security between Germany and Russia. Doesn’t want to be completely excluded from cooperation in this area. Offer Russia the possibility of buying some military technology and nuclear missiles, which can Germany offer.

security energy security foreign policy of France Russia

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Deportacija chechenskogo naroda: chto ehto bylo i mozhno li ehto zabyt? (K 70-letiju deportacii chechenskogo i ingushskogo narodov)

Author: Magomed Daduev
Author: Abdula Bugaev
Author: Vakhi Akaev
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 85-104
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2015205
PDF: npw/09/npw2015205.pdf

The article analyzes some historical aspects of the deportation of the Chechen people 23 February 1944. Reveals the absurdity of the law , the state decisions on the deportation of the Chechens , using previously unknown archival documents, reveals the failure of the charges brought against them by the Stalinist totalitarian regime. The questions Khrushchev criticism of the personality cult of Stalin at the Twentieth Party Congress, a long and complicated process of rehabilitation of repressed peoples, including Chechens.

Reasoned criticism subjected to allegations of certain Russian authors, contrary to elementary logic, trying to justify the crimes of the Stalin–Beria’s regime, to prove the validity of the deportation of people. It is suggested that a scientific approach to the past, tragic repression involves accurate, objective approach, overcoming political situation, reproduction in the public consciousness, studies the ideology of Stalinism. This will strengthen inter-ethnic harmony in Russia, which is very important and necessary for a civilized community.

ethnic memory activation of research falsification the cult of personality legal arbitrariness state decisions the Stalin-Beria regime The deportation of the Chechens and Ingush repatriation rehabilitation

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Losy polskiego dziedzictwa kultury na radzieckiej Ukrainie (1922–1991) Część II: 1945–1991

Author: Dariusz Matelski
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 105-130
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2015206
PDF: npw/09/npw2015206.pdf

The end of war in Europe on 8 May 1945 allowed to seek restitution of cultural property lost by Poland between 1939-1945. This task was undertaken by the Provisional Government of National Unity, which was created on 28 June 1945. The demarcation of new eastern borders of Poland along the so-called eastern Curzon line resulted in leaving outside the country two cultural centers important to national interest of Poles – Vilnius and Lviv.

In March 1945 The Committee of Experts for Restitution and Compensation in Culture and Arts was created within The Ministry of Culture and the Arts, and the Ministry of Education established the Commission for Reparations and Restitution for Science and Schools. Their main task was to prevent looting by the so called “cultural battalions of the NKVD,” who treated the encountered cultural goods as “spoils of war”.

On the basis of the resolution of the Council of People’s Commissars of the Ukrainian SSR of 18 October 1945, 577 exhibits and 50 thousand books and manuscripts were transferred to Poland (as a gift!). The Catholic clergy could carry their fortune from the eastern borderlands of Second Polish Republic to Poland on the basis of an additional protocol to the repatriation agreement of 20 September 1945. With the resolution of 5 July 1946, The Council of Ministers of The Provisional Government of National Unity appointed a committee for the recovery of Polish cultural property from the former eastern provinces of the Republic of Poland, which were included in the Ukrainian SSR after the change of borders. Despite the recovery of many Polonicas, the loss of the greater part of Lviv museum collections remained a fact. Changes in the USSR began on 11 March 1985. In May 1987, 2450 Polish books from the Ossolineum collections in Lviv were given to the Polish side. At the end of November 1989, although the Soviets agreed to return Poland the Ossolineum collections in Lviv, the promise was not fulfilled. The disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991 and regaining the independence by the former republics made it necessary to conduct negotiations on the Polish cultural heritage with each of the successors of the USSR separately - including Ukraine.

revindication national heritage Polish culture Ukraine international relations

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Razvitie muzykalno-dramaticheskogo iskusstva Kirgizii v predvoennye gody

Author: Iria Vladimirovna Gorina
Year of publication: 2015
Pages: 131-147
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2015206
PDF: npw/09/npw2015207.pdf

The article is seeing as being build the cultprosvetrabota for the prewar years in Kyrgyzstan. It was the great time for many urban and rural clubs, which attached to the creativity of the population have become a solid foundation for future theater staffs.

At the end of the 1930s, Philharmonic and 16 theaters were already actively functioning in the Soviet Kyrgyzstan. They worked in different fields: cities and regional level, state and collective farms. They staged their productions in three languages: Kyrgyz, Russian and Uzbek. The regular holding of parades and creative competitions boosted artistic level of performances, mastery of artists expanding the repertoire theaters.

The most important step in the preparation of national professionals was opening of musical, artistic, musical and choreographic schools, choreographic studio in the capital of republic. For the prewar years markedly increased choreographic art of Kyrgyz groups. The clear evidence was the Kirgiz musical performance of classical choreography “Cholppelia”, “Rivals” and the first national balet “Anar” in the Kyrgyz Ballet Theatre.

The Kyrgyz ballet “Evening of Ballet” included some of the compositions of the Kyrgyz and the other nations dances, few classic passages of Russian and foreign authors.

Russian choreographers Holfin N. Kozlov, composers V. Vlasov and Fere, painters J. Shtoffer producers Vasiliev, K. Dzhantoshev and many more actively worked on Kyrgyz scene. The skills of Kyrgyz ballet and opera artists A. Umetbaeva, A. Moldobaeva, K. Niyazalieva, M. Ryskulov, and A. Mamakeeva continuously improved.

first teams of theatres stage art amateur theatres cultural and educational activities socialist art Kyrgyz arts

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