• facebook

Vol. 2(11)

Społeczeństwo obywatelskie: mit czy warunek konieczny stabilnego rozwoju demokracji

Author: Ewelina Wojciechowska
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu, Poland
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 15-24
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016201
PDF: npw/11/npw2016201.pdf

This essay aims at taking reflection on the civil society. The author tries to prove the validity of the thesis that civil society is a precondition for stable development of democracy. For this purpose, author invokes the Polish and foreign studies and sources of public opinion surveys, referring mainly to the example of Poland. Atthe beginning terms such as civil society and stable democracy are explained. Then the arguments are given and critical private opinions of the author. They confirm this thesis. There is no shortage of the scientific data and references to personal experiences of the author, which is professionally associated with many non-governmental organizations for several years. This texts aim is to deepen the theme of the development of civil society and encourage the substantive discussion of the condition of contemporary democracy in Poland.

nongovernmental organizations civic participation stable development civil society democracy

Kontynuuj czytanie

Sotrudnichestvo Turcii s subektami Rossijjskojj Federacii v period 2000–2010 gg.

Author: Ahmet Burak
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu, Poland
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 25-42
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016202
PDF: npw/11/npw2016202.pdf

In its 90 years of modern existence, Turkish foreign relations with Russia reflect contentious issues with which the two republics have grappled during the twentieth century and following the collapse of great empires, civil wars and radical changes in the international political system. Moreover, it is safe to say that the degree of constructiveness of these relations is directly dependent upon macropolitical processes in Eurasia, and that the success of foreign political contacts reflects the level of political and cultural thinking of state elites in both countries. One of the most important directions of Russian–Turkish bilateral relations is inter-regional cooperation on the subject of the Russian Federation and Turkey. This paper analyzes the main directions and pace of economic cooperation development between Turkey and Russia’s constituent entities, and evaluates the prospects of these relations.

Russian Federation subjects Turkey cooperation

Kontynuuj czytanie

Belorussko-rossijjskie otnoshenija s perspektivy Minska: formalnyjj sojuz i fakticheskaja dezintegracija

Author: Ryhor Astapenia
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski, Poland
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 43-56
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016203
PDF: npw/11/npw2016203.pdf

This article is devoted to the analysis of integration and disintegration processes that occurred between Belarus and Russia after the signing the 1996 Treaty establishing the Community of the two countries. Particular attention is paid to the state of relations in 2014-2015 – after the beginning of the military conflict in Ukraine and the economic crisis in Belarus and Russia. The author points to several trends on three levels of cooperation. Politically, the countries disintegrate, as they become aware of the difference between their interests in bilateral relations and on the international arena. Economic cooperation remains at a high level, but deep integration is impossible, as the economic crisis forced Belarus to seek opportunities for economic development elsewhere. Military cooperation, in turn, reaches the limit of integration that Minsk is willing to accept: its manifestation was a refusal of Belarus to place a Russian military base on its territory. Moreover, Belarus has taken several steps to reduce its military dependence on Russia. Thus, the dynamics of the Belarusian-Russian relations allows to say that in the near future the country will continue formal integration, while in practice that means maintaining the “status quo” or even further disintegration.

Collective Security Treaty Organization Belarusian-Russian integration Eurasian Economic Union Russia Belarus

Kontynuuj czytanie

Procesy etniczne, historyczne i wyborcze zachodzące na Ukrainie w kontekście budowy koncepcji „Noworosji”: weryfikacja poprawności, zasadności i aktualności Część II

Author: Tomasz Białobłocki
Institution: Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki Krajowej w Kutnie, Poland
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 57-70
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016204
PDF: npw/11/npw2016204.pdf

The purpose of this article is to verify the correctness, actuality and purposefulness of the ‘Novorossia’ concept in relation to Ukraine. The author presents ethnical, historical and electoral processes in Ukraine in the context of development of the idea and concept of Novorossia, he rebuts the concept of Novorossia as both ethnically and electorally inadequate to meet political realities in Ukraine.

electoral processes ethnical processes South-East Novorossia Russia Ukraine

Kontynuuj czytanie

Zakonodatelstvo o vyborakh v Uzbekistane: novejjshie tendencii

Author: Аkmal H. Saidov
Institution: National Human Rights Centre of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Uzbekistan
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 71-78
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016205
PDF: npw/11/npw2016205.pdf

The article presents the latest trends in the electoral legislation of the Republic of Uzbekistan, which has passed successive evolutionary way of formation and development since independence. It is carried out a planned systematic work on improvement of electoral legislation in view of own national experience in conducting democratic elections and a referendum.

The adoption of new norms of electoral laws will contribute to the full implementation of the principle freedom of choice, the further democratization of the electoral system of Uzbekistan, strengthening the principles of openness and transparency of the elections.

voters election legislation The Republic of Uzbekistan election campaign referendum elections

Kontynuuj czytanie

Przywództwo i polityka etnokratyczna w Tatarstanie Część II: Format przywództwa i style uprawiania polityki

Author: Piotr Zuzankiewicz
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski, Poland
Author: Tadeusz Bodio
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski, Poland
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 79-98
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016206
PDF: npw/11/npw2016206.pdf

Authors in this article present the findings of the second stage of the research project on the leadership and the ethnopolitics in Tatarstan. From the chronological and problematic perspective they analyze the transformation of the model of leadership in the republic. Much attention has been paid to the relationship between the format of leadership of the following presidents and their styles of doing politics. On the basis of the analysis the authors come to the conclusion that ethnocratism, which in Tatatarstan has been an important source of the political leadership of the leader and the local elite, seems to lose its ability to adapt and create and generates more and more dysfunction and pathology. Moderate policy of ethnopolitisation and Islamisation promoted by the leader and ethnoelite, which can be perceived as a major justification for its power in relations with the federal center, is being challenged by many social groups. The evidence of this tendency is inter alia the increase of the inter-ethnic tensions and progressive Islamisation of political life in the republic.

politicization of Islam Islamization of politics separatism opposition, nationalism the axes of conflict relations with federal center ethnocratism as a tool of doing politics ideology of moderate ethnocratism scope of power Rustam Minnihanov Mintimer Shaimiev evolution of leadership rustication of ethnoelites

Kontynuuj czytanie

Mechanizm rozwoju społeczeństwa obywatelskiego na Ukrainie – propozycja partycypacji budżetowej

Author: Mateusz Radziszewski
Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki, Poland
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 99-117
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016207
PDF: npw/11/npw2016207.pdf

In my article I suggest two models of social participation which can positively influence on the process of building the civil society in Ukraine, especially in the area of local government. I want to consider two types of the participatory budgeting, first comes from Porto Allegre in Brazil and the second one from Lodz in Poland. The first model, 27 years old, is the example of representative democracy and is characterized by hierarchical structure. On the other hand, we have different model which is the representative of participatory democracy without any gradation. In this area of research I’m going to choice the best proposition which fit in the process of political transition on Ukraine.

social capital participation participating budget political culture civil society Ukraine

Kontynuuj czytanie

Koncepcje rozwoju obwodu kaliningradzkiego w polityce regionalnej Federacji Rosyjskiej

Author: Jakub Potulski
Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański, Poland
Year of publication: 2016
Pages: 118-144
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016208
PDF: npw/11/npw2016208.pdf

Kaliningrad is a unique Russian region due to its history and geopolitical location. During the Cold War era it was considered an important Soviet military outpost in the confrontation with the NATO. After collapse of the Soviet Union region found itself in a completely new situation as a Russian enclave in Europe. The new geopolitical situations led to numerous problems. After the Poland and Lithuania joining the UE a new set of problems looms ahead. The regional and central governments tried to found a development strategy for Kaliningrad enclave. Now Kaliningrad is open for international cooperation and has one of the most liberal economic and border regime in Russian Federation. Russian government establish on Kaliningrad region Special Economic Zone to attract foreign investment. However Kaliningrad is still a problem form both partners: Russian Federation and UE.

special economic zone Kaliningrad regional politics

Kontynuuj czytanie

Таможенный союз и развитие миграционных процессов в Кыргызстане

Author: Nyrgylya K. Isakova
Institution: Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Russia
Author: Kumen I. Isakov
Institution: Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Russia
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 145-152
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016209
PDF: npw/11/npw2016209.pdf

The article discusses the impact of the Customs Union on the development of migration processes in Kyrgyzstan.

employment labour force labour migration unemployment Customs Union

Kontynuuj czytanie

Ethnicity and ethnicities Part I

Author: Isaac Scarborough
Institution: University of London Senate House, Great Britain
Author: Olga Brusina
Institution: Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Author: Shokhrat Kadyrov
Institution: Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 153-170
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016210
PDF: npw/11/npw2016210.pdf

Scientific paradigm changes are frequently accompanied by the reconsideration of central terms and ideas. This article demonstrates how this process is currently underway in Russian anthropological studies [narodovedenie] as part of a broader move away from ethnography to theoretical ethnology. The article also shows lines of succession and divergence between various paradigms currently dominant in Russian anthropology, including primordialism and constructivism, and presents the author’s vision of a definition of “ethnicity”, instruments needed to study ethnicities, the nature of “ethnicity,” the underlying axioms on which ethnicities are conceptualized. An initial attempt has been made in the article to outline the central positions that would provide for a principally new ethnological paradigm by way of a new definition of the phenomenon of ethnicity.

constructivism primordialism anthropology definitions of ethnicity scientific paradigms

Kontynuuj czytanie

Sprawa katyńska w podręcznikach polskich i rosyjskich na przełomie XX i XXI wieku

Author: Henryk Składanowski
Institution: Toruńska Wyższa Szkoła Przedsiębiorczości, Poland
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 171-187
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016211
PDF: npw/11/npw2016211.pdf

Katyn crime, also known as the Katyn massacre, was one of those historical facts that were kept secret for a very long time. From 1943 when it was revealed to 1990 the soviet Union denied their responsibility for the massacre. Eventually, publishing the original documents on the order of Borys Jecyn and handing tchem down to Poland on 14 October 1992 definitely confirmed the perpetrators of the crime. In the historic consciousness of both Polish and Russian societies there are still many questions and doubts about “the background of the picture” of Katyn crime. Therefore I found it very sensible to analyze the problem of Katyn crime in various history course books in Poland and Russia.

After the collapse of the communist political system both countries Poland and Russia introduced new history course books in all types of schools. The new course books not only mention the problem of Katyn crime but also say who was responsible for it. However, the Russians try to neutralize the crime by so called anti-Katyn, emphasizing the death of several thousands of Soviet soldiers imprisoned in Poland in the war of 1920 and after it.

Russian Fed The Republic of Poland Katyń massacre communism

Kontynuuj czytanie

Politicheskie otzvuki vosstanija 1916 goda

Author: Akylbek Lenbaevich Saliev
Institution: Kyrgyz-Russian Slavic University, Kyrgyzstan
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 202-210
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw201614
PDF: npw/11/npw2016214.pdf

The article talks abuth the political echoes of the 1916 revolt in Kyrgyzstan and their influence on relations with Russia up to present times.

interstate relations Kyrgyzstan political echoes 1916 revolt Russia

Kontynuuj czytanie

Prichiny tragicheskikh sobytijj 1916 goda na territorii Turkestanskogo kraja

Author: Elena Niyazovna Zakirova
Institution: Yugra State University, Russia
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 211-219
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016215
PDF: npw/11/npw2016215.pdf

This article reveals the main reasons, stages and consequences of the Central Asian peoples revolt against the Russian authorities during the World War I.

Central Asia Turkestan World War I revolt Kazakhstan

Kontynuuj czytanie

A. Sydykov: geroicheskaja i tragicheskaja sudba perevodchika perioda vosstanija 1916 g.

Author: Vladimir Mikhailovich Ploskih
Institution: Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences, Poland
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 220-233
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016216
PDF: npw/11/npw2016216.pdf

The article reveals the importance of A. Sydykova, one of the founders of the Kyrgyz national statehood.

the Social Party Turan Kara-Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast Mountain Region national demarcation Alash Orda

Kontynuuj czytanie

Vosstanie 1916 g. v Kyrgyzstane v chelovecheskom izmerenii

Author: Shayyrkul Dzholdoshevna Batyrbaeva
Institution: Kyrgyz National University of Zh. Balasagyn, Kyrgystan
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 234-242
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016217
PDF: npw/11/npw2016217.pdf

In article the author analyses the reasons of contradictory data in a Kyrgyzstan historiography on scales of demographic consequences of revolt of 1916. The author presents her original concept explaining the presented problem.

perspective calculation demographic losses human measurement revolt

Kontynuuj czytanie

Sino-Poland cooperation on publishing fosters the flower of friendship

Author: Tian Yuan
Institution: China Renmin University Press, China
Author: Gao Ya
Institution: China Renmin University Press, China
Author: Liu Yehua
Institution: China Renmin University Press, China
Year of publication: 2016
Source: Show
Pages: 262-265
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016222
PDF: npw/11/npw2016222.pdf

Varia

Varia

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart