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Szanghaj jako międzynarodowe centrum finansowe - osiągnięcia i wyzwania dla dalszego rozwoju

Author: Ewa Radomska
Institution: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. Komisji Edukacji Narodowej w Krakowie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9503-534X
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 164-184
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212908
PDF: npw/29/npw2908.pdf

Shanghai as an international finance center - the achievements and challenges for further development

The purpose of the study was to analyze selected actions, which were and are important for Shanghai to obtain the status of the international financial center, together with an initial assessment of the achievements and an indication of the challenges for further development. The carried out analysis shows, that Shanghai strengthens its position as the world’s leading international financial center. Whereas it is necessary for its further development to implement reliable market rules, that will give certainty to investors (domestic and foreign) that they have an open and fair access to the market and their interests are protected. The transparency and growing maturity of the stock market, the full liberalization of capital flows and the full interchangeability of the chinese currency play an important role. Whether Shanghai will be given the right to valuation global financial assets, depends to a significant extent on the alignment of China’s economic development and progress in the internationalization of the yuan. It also depends on whether the leading foreign financial organizations will see Shanghai as the most important platform to draw dividends from China’s economic development and the internationalization of the chinese currency. In the event of these basic conditions not being completed, Shanghai will not be able to become a fully global, mature financial center, integrated into the global financial system, taking into account, for example, the degree of internationalization of stock exchange operations.

Шанхай как международный финансовый центр - достижения и вызовы для дальнейшего развития

Целью исследования был анализ отдельных направлений деятельности, которые были и важны для Шанхая в получении статуса международного финансового центра, а также предварительная оценка его достижений и определение проблем для дальнейшего развития. Проведенный анализ показывает, что Шанхай укрепляет свои позиции в качестве ведущего международного финансового центра в мире. Для его дальнейшего развития необходимо внедрить надежные рыночные правила, которые дадут инвесторам (внутренним и иностранным) уверенность в том, что они имеют открытый и справедливый доступ на рынок и что их интересы защищены. Важную роль играют прозрачность и растущая зрелость фондового рынка, полная либерализация потоков капитала и полная конвертируемость китайской валюты. Получит ли Шанхай право на оценку глобальных финансовых активов, в значительной степени зависит от выравнивания экономического развития Китая и прогресса в интернационализации юаня. Также от того, будут ли ведущие иностранные финансовые организации рассматривать Шанхай как наиболее важную платформу для получения дивидендов от экономического развития Китая и интернационализации китайской валюты. Если эти основные условия не будут выполнены, Шанхай не сможет стать полностью глобальным зрелым финансовым центром, интегрированным с мировой финансовой системой, даже с учетом степени интернационализации биржевых операций.


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