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Studia regionalne w nauce o stosunkach międzynarodowych do 1989 roku

Author: Edward Haliżak
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9123-132X
Author: Jakub Zajączkowski
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1459-3850
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 9-32
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20213101
PDF: npw/31/npw3101.pdf

Regional studies within the discipline of international relations to 1989

The aim of the article is to analyse the genesis and evolution of regional studies from the interwar period to the end of the Cold War. It is based on the research assumption that regional studies throughout this period developed in close association with the study of international relations, reaching the status of a sub-discipline of international relations. Regional studies are a sub-discipline of studies of international relations because their subject matter is international relations in a given region (regional system), which, according to the adopted systematics of the discipline’s research area, is an intermediate level of analysis between the state and the global system. Therefore, it is natural to ask what premises and assumptions were the basis for the interdependent development of research on regionalism and international relations, which led to the formation of regional studies as a sub-discipline of international relations? Trying to answer this research question, the following hypothesis can be formulated: regional studies as a sub-discipline of international relations was created through the efforts of international relations researchers to find an optimal level of research and theorizing that could combine the perspective of the state and its foreign policy with the perspective of the entire international system. It was also a manifestation of the desire to deepen research understood as the formulation of fully verifiable theories based on more available empirical data at the regional subsystem level.

Регионоведение в науке о международных отношениях

Цель статьи – представить истоки и эволюцию «региональных исследований» от межвоенного периода до конца холодной войны. Статья построена на исследовательском предположении, что регионоведение на протяжении анализируемого периода развивалось в тесной связи с исследованиями международных отношений, достигнув статуса субдисциплины науки о международных отношениях. Регионоведение является субдисциплиной науки о международных отношениях, поскольку занимается международными отношениями в данном регионе (региональной системе), что, согласно принятой систематике области исследования дисциплины, является промежуточным уровнем анализа между государством и глобальной системой. Таким образом, вполне естественным кажется вопрос о том, какие предпосылки и предположения были основой для взаимозависимого развития исследований регионализма и международных отношений, которое привело к формированию регионоведения как субдисциплины науки о международных отношениях? Пытаясь ответить на этот вопрос, можно сформулировать следующую гипотезу: регионоведение как субдисциплина науки о международных отношениях было создано в результате стремлений исследователей международных отношений, направленных на поиск оптимального уровня исследований и теоретизирования, сочетающих точку зрения государства и его внешнюю политику, и перспективу всей международной системы. Это также было проявлением желания углубить исследования, подразумеваемые как формулировка полностью проверяемых теорий, основанных на более доступных эмпирических данных на уровне региональной подсистемы.

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регион discipline of international relations regional studies subsystem analysis regions подсистемный анализ

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