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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 3-6
DOI Address: -
PDF: npw/25/npw25toc.pdf

Streszczenie:

SPIS TREŚCI / CONTENTS / ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ

Publikacja “Nowa Polityka Wschodnia” w języku angielskim, udostępnienie wersji cyfrowej w wolnym dostępie i zabezpieczenie oryginalności publikacji zgodne ze standardem COPE – zadania finansowane w ramach umowy 854/P-DUN/2018 ze środków Ministra Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego przeznaczonych na działalność upowszechniającą naukę.

Author: Piotr Długosz
E-mail: piotr.dlugosz@up.krakow.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4875-2039
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 9-35
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202501
PDF: npw/25/npw2501.pdf

Streszczenie:

Adaptation of generations in post-Soviet countries to most radical social changes

The article inquiries into the influence of age on the adaptation to changes among post-Soviet societies. The analysis of secondary data from survey research conducted in representative research samples in post-soviet republics was used in the research. Survey data from Russia (N=992), Belarus (N=1034), Moldova (N=970) and Ukraine (N=1000) was analyzed. The results show that the age facilitates positive adaptation. Younger generations had a higher level of happiness, evaluated their financial situation, their standing in the social hierarchy and prospects for the future better. The highest level of satisfaction with democracy was noted in Belarus and Russia. Lower marks were given by the citizens of Moldova, whereas the biggest disappointment was noticed in Ukraine. The Russians and the Belarusians followed by the Moldovans were located on high positions on the continuum of adaptation to social changes, but the Ukrainians managed to adapt to the system to the lowest degree.

socio-cultural trauma social changes постсоветские страны generation adaptation post-Soviet countries transformation

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Author: Tadeusz Dmochowski
E-mail: poltd@ug.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7609-6350
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 36-60
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202502
PDF: npw/25/npw2502.pdf

Streszczenie:

Orthodoxy and catholicism in Ukraine in 1989-2014 - a quantitative approach

The complex reality of religious and institutional situation in Ukraine (three orthodox churches; two catholic churches), imposed on ethnic relations, has a significant impact on the balance of power in Ukraine, reinforcing existing divisions: between Ukrainians and Russians, between west and east Ukraine, between Orthodox and Catholics. Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) is the most conservative force, with canonical and political ties (specially part of hierarchy) with Russia. It is the best organized religious structure in Ukraine with 12485 parishes and 10068 priests. Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Kyiv Patriarchate (4536 parishes and 3141 priests) and the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (1205 parishes, and 731 priests) are much more related to Ukrainian statehood and are supported by the Ukrainian state and the Ukrainian political parties on their road to autocephaly and canonical independence from Moscow Patriarchate. The most aroused nationalist forces (the All-Ukrainian Union “Svoboda”, Right Sector) are often associated with the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (3734 parishes and 2594 priests), the main supporter of the Ukrainian nationalism.

catholicism orthodoxy религиозное разнообразие католицизм Россия Украина religious diversity Russia Ukraine

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Author: Tadeusz Bodio
E-mail: tbodio@wp.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8873-7434
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 61-101
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202503
PDF: npw/25/npw2503.pdf

Streszczenie:

Uzbekistan: A State Undergoing Total Reconstruction

This study attempts to demonstrate the reform strategies implemented in the last three years in Uzbekistan. The author focuses on analyzing the implementation of five priorities of this strategy - the dialogue between the authorities and society, human resources and management system, economy and social sphere, and security and foreign policy. He devotes a great deal of attention to present the image of the architect of these reforms - the president of the state. He emphasizes that the style of exercising power, including the implementation of reforms by Shavkat Mirziyoyev, fits into the model of transformational leadership. It is a reforming, missionary, and servant (national) leadership tailored to the expectations and aspirations of the society, but also burdened with high risk, regardless of the starting conditions for the reconstruction of the state.

безопасность и внешняя политика Shavkat Mirziyoyev leadership style state reconstruction strategy political dialogue human resources and management system economy and social sphere security and foreign policy Uzbekistan

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Author: Aleksander Ksawery Olech
E-mail: akolech@wp.pl
Institution: Akademia Sztuki Wojennej
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000–0002–3793–5913
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 102-127
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202504
PDF: npw/25/npw2504.pdf

Streszczenie:

Contemporary terrorist threats in the Czech Republic

Terrorism has been evolving and taking different forms since the beginning of the XXI century. It is closely related to the geopolitical situation in the world. The development of research of safety indicates evidently that terrorism currently constitutes one of the biggest threats to the security of countries. That is why the analysis of terrorist threats in Central European countries, including the Czech Republic, seems to be indispensable. It is the Western European countries that are struggling today with intrastate terrorism whose effects lead to destabilization of national integrity and jeopardise social security. This situation is also important for neighbouring countries and international organisations to which they belong, such as the European Union or NATO. Data collected between 2014 and 2019 shows that the Czech Republic has improved its terrorist threat combating system and it is constantly reducing the impact of threats on the situation in the country. Terrorism as a phenomenon, and at the same time a kind of weapon for the increasing number of its proponents, needs to be acknowledged immediately. Its complexity imposes determining ways of countervailing it in the future. The presented analysis is a sort of study on cases in the context of threats with the characteristic of terrorism in the Czech Republic.

радикализм терроризм radicalism threats terrorism Central Europe Czech Republic

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Author: Paula Tomaszewska
E-mail: paula.tomaszewska007@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0583-0938
Author: Sara Tomaszewska
E-mail: tomaszewska.sara07@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3036-9979
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 128-145
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202505
PDF: npw/25/npw2505.pdf

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Sexual violence as a weapon in armed conflicts on the example of the activities of the “Islamic State” toward Yazidis women

The dissertation consists of the analysis of the criminal activity of the „Islamic State” toward Yazidis women. Religious and political reasons for the crimes committed on this religious minority will be presented. The authors will present, for example, among others selected articles from the “Dabiq” magazine or the pamphlet entitled The questions and answers on Hostages and Slaves. It was published in 2015 by an organization, in which an interpretation of Islamic law with regard to justification for sexual slavery was made subsequently. The authors will also refer to numerous reports of non-governmental organizations. The current situation of Yazidi women and the issue of bringing to justice the perpetrators of the crime committed in Yazidi will be analyzed.

Islamic State езидские женщины Yazidi women sexual violence slavery Sinjar

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Author: Michał Zaremba
E-mail: michal.zaremba@uni.lodz.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Łódzki
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9525-9100
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 146-159
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202506
PDF: npw/25/npw2506.pdf

Streszczenie:

Indo-Japanese cooperation within Africa-Asia Growth Corridor

Africa due to natural resources and demographic potential is a region of expansion for world powers - not only USA, EU and China, but also equally ambitious India and Japan. As part of bilateral cooperation, India and Japan established the concept of the Africa-Asia Growth Corridor (AAGC). The Growth Corridor is certainly an interesting and tempting proposition for African countries. The main goal is to build an effective and sustainable intercontinental mechanism, integrating economies, institutions and people. As an ambitious global concept, AAGC will not avoid comparisons with the Chinese One Belt, One Road Initiative. Africa and the Indian Ocean are an integral part of both initiatives. Nevertheless, there are differences. AAGC, unlike OBOR, which is a unilateral initiative of China, is a bilateral initiative of Japan and India. AAGC has also consultative nature, which means Africa’s participation in the decision-making process. In addition, the funding for the promotion of OBOR projects comes mainly from Chinese banks or Chinese government sources. In the case of AAGC, the funds come both from government and commercial sources as well as from international institutions, including the African Development Bank. Ultimately, the Chinese proposal is more expansive, more ambitious and global, embracing other continents not only Africa and Asia. The aim of the article is to describe and analyze the Indo-Japanese cooperation within the Africa-Asia Growth Corridor initiative.

Japanese-Indian cooperation growth corridor японо-индийское сотрудничество

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Author: Dominik Boratyn
E-mail: dk.boratyn@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Rzeszowski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2335-7515
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 160-176
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202507
PDF: npw/25/npw2507.pdf

Streszczenie:

Activity of Members of the European Parliament of the 9th term on the social platform Facebook - comparative analysis

Social media has changed the social lives of humans. The real-world activities are conducted more often on the Internet; the content posted on such social networking sites as Facebook may serve here as an example. Activity in social media is particularly important for politicians and public figures since such a means of communication allows them to maintain direct contact with voters and citizens. Social media also serves as a platform for creating an image and a personal brand of a politician. Due to the activity on these types of platforms, lesser known people can gain wider recognition and reach a larger group of recipients. However, it should be also noted that as far as public figures are concerned, increased activity does not always denote the achievement of a goal. Politics are simply unpredictable and there are many factors influencing voting preferences.

elections Podkarpackie voivodeship image social media Facebook Прикарпатье выборы

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Author: Marcin Wichmanowski
E-mail: marcin.wichmanowski@poczta.umcs.lublin.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Marie Curie-Skłodowskiej
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-57487946
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 177-203
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202508
PDF: npw/25/npw2508.pdf

Streszczenie:

The image of peasant culture in the political thought of selected people’s parties of the Second Polish Republic

Culture formed a significant element of political thought of every major political movement, both during the final years of partition of Poland, and after it regained its independence. The scope of interest of people’s parties covered almost everything that had a rural context, relating to the many millions of peasants. The present article analyzes the program assumptions of the Polish People’s Party “Piast” [Pol. Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe “Piast”], Polish People’s Party “Wyzwolenie” [Pol. Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe “Wyzwolenie”], Peasant’s Party [Pol. Stronnictwo Chłopskie] and the People’s Party [Pol. Stronnictwo Ludowe] relating to the aforesaid category of political sciences. These parties played a significant role in the history of people’s movement, influencing the shape of the recreated Polish state during the interwar bi-decade. The political thought of people’s parties aimed at bestowing the peasant’s culture with both autonomous, and nationwide value. These ideological assumptions were included in the political programs of people’s parties.

Second Polish Republic people’s movement peasant’s creativity culture political thought Вторая Речь Посполитая

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Author: Lech Wyszczelski
E-mail: wyszczelskijerzy@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Przyrodniczo-Humanistyczny w Siedlcach
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2063-4281
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 207-211
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202509
PDF: npw/25/npw2509.pdf

Streszczenie:

Poles in the Lithuanian state

[book review Polacy na Litwie. Przeszłość i teraźniejszość]

Поляки в литовском государстве

[рецензия книги Polacy na Litwie. Przeszłość i teraźniejszość]

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