• facebook
Author: Michał Marcin Kobierecki
Institution: University of Łódź (Poland)
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 93-111
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2015008
PDF: ppsy/44/ppsy2015008.pdf

Sports boycott is one of the most important dimension of sport colliding with politics. The subject of the article is the boycott of the Los Angeles Olympic Games in 1984, one of the most spectacular boycotts, which was conducted by communist countries. It is widely recognized, that Los Angeles Olympics were boycotted as a result of a similar action by Western countries towards Moscow Olympics in 1980. However, evidence proves that there was no decision concerning communist boycott of Los Angeles Olympics until a few months before the Games. Preparations to the Olympics were on their way, but unexpected change of Soviet leader resulted in the boycott. Safety reasons were the declared reason for the boycott of the Soviet Union and 13 other communist countries. Nevertheless, it is evident that the real reasons were connected with the political game of USSR. The probable actual aims were the desire to hit the first ever privately financed Olympic Games and to make it harder for American president Ronald Raegan to be reelected. Naturally, at least partly it was also a matter of revenge for boycotting the Moscow Games.

References:

  • Baade R. A., Matheson V. (2002). Bidding for the Olympics: fool's gold?. In C. Pestana Barros, M. Ibrahimo, S. Szymanski (Eds.). Transatlantic Sport. The Comparatice Economics of North American and European Sports (p. 127–151). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Pub.
  • Caraccioli T., Caraccioli J. (2008). Boycott. Stolen Dreams of the 1980 Moscow Olympic Games. Washington: New Chapter Press.
  • Cheney G. (2005). Shot Down. Irvine: San Val.
  • Chruścicki B. (1987). Igrzyska u stóp Hollywood. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Sport i Turystyka.
  • Delaney T., Madigan T. (2009). The Sociology of Sports. An Introduction. Jefferson: McFarland.
  • Espy R. (1981). The Politics of the Olympic Games. With Epilogue, 1976–1980. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Garcia M.A. (2012). Secrets of the Olympic Ceremonies. Lexington: MAG Publishing.
  • Gemmell, J. (2004). The Politics of South African Cricket. London: Routledge.
  • Glad B. (2009). An Outsider in the White House. Jimmy Carter, His Advisors, and the Making of American Foreign Policy. New York: Cornell University Press.
  • Guelke, A. (1986, September). The Politicisation of South African Sport. In L. Allison (Ed.). The Politics of Sport (p. 118––48). Manchester: Manchester University Press
  • Guttmann A. (2002). The Olympics. A History of Modern Games. Illinois: University of Illinois Press.
  • Hill C. R. (1996). Olympic Politics. Athens to Atlanta 1896–1996. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
  • International Olympic Committee (2011). Olympic Summer Games. Fonds Lists. Lausanne: Historical Archive Olympic Studies Centre.
  • Jennings W. (2012). Olympic Risks. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Kumar A. (2007). Complete Book of Olympic Games. New Delhi: Khel Sahitya Kendra.
  • Lipoński W. (1996). Od Aten do Atlanty. Minihistoria nowożytnych igrzysk olimpijskich 1896–1996. Poznań: Atena.
  • Lipoński W. (2000). Olimpizm dla każdego. Poznań: Wydawnictwo AWF Poznań.
  • Los Angeles 1984. (2015, March 18). Retrieved from http://www.olympic.org/
  • Mallon B., Heijmans J. (2011). Historical Dictionary of the Olympic Movement. Plymouth: Scarecrow Press.
  • Miller D. (2008). Historia Igrzysk Olimpijskich i MKOl. Od Aten do Pekinu 1894–2008. Poznań: Dom Wydawniczy Rebis.
  • Moscow 1980. (2015, March 18). Retrieved from http://www.olympic.org/
  • 'No hope' for Soviets in Olympics (1984, May 31). Spokane Chronicle (p. 8). Retrieved from https://news.google.com/
  • Olszański T. (2000). Osobista Historia Olimpiad. Warszawa: Studio Emka.
  • Pietraś Z. (1998). Decydowanie polityczne. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
  • Polski Komitet Olimpijski. (1982). Polski Sport Olimpijski. Polish Olympic Sport. Los Angeles 1984. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Polskiego Komitetu Olimpijskiego.
  • Reich K. (1984, May 21). Doleful Days for the Games. Sports Illustrated, 60(20), 16–22.
  • Roche M., (2004). Mega-Events and Media Culture: Sport and the Olympics. In D. Rowe (Ed.). Critical Readings: Sport, Culture and the Media (p. 165–182). Maidenhead: Open University Press.
  • Senn A. (1999). Power, Politics and the Olympic Games. A history of power brokers, events, and controversies that shaped the games. Champaign: Human Kinetics.
  • Talk On Olympics Reported Slated with Gromyko (1984, May 28). The Blade: Toledo (p. 3). Retrieved from https://news.google.com/.
  • Tomaszewski B. (1992). Przeżyjmy to jeszcze raz. Warszawa: BGW.
  • Toohey K., Veal A. J. (2007). The Olympic Games. A Social Science Perspective. Wallingford: Cabi.
  • Wawrzynowski M. (2015, February 9). Śmierć, złoto olimpijskie i zastrzyk dla konia – historia Janusza Peciaka. Retrived from http://sport.tvp.pl/
  • Whitney C. R. (1980, January 21). Soviets are coming to Lake Placid no matter what. The Day, 38.
  • Wilson J. (1988). Politics and Leisure. Boston: Unwin Hyman.
  • Wilson W. (1996). Los Angeles 1984. In J. E. Findling, K. D. Pelle (Eds.). Historical Dictionary of Modern Olympic Movement (p. 169–178). Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group.
  • Wilson W. (2004). Los Angeles 1984. In J. E. Findling, K. D. Pelle (Eds.), Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement (p. 207–217). Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group.
  • Zech, M. (2014, July 23). KNVB Asked to Toycott Russia, 2018 World Cup. Website of NL Times. Retrieved from http://www.nltimes.nl/

 

Wiadomość do:

 

 

© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart

Korzystając z naszej strony, wyrażasz zgodę na wykorzystywanie przez nas plików cookies . Zaktualizowaliśmy naszą politykę przetwarzania danych osobowych (RODO). Więcej o samym RODO dowiesz się tutaj.