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Author: Maciej Walkowski
E-mail: maciej.walkowski@amu.edu.pl
Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Poland)
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 172–189
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017211
PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017211.pdf

Streszczenie:

The People’s Republic of China currently possesses the second biggest national economy in the world, smaller only to that of the United States. It is also a matter of time for China to become the greatest economic power, at least regarding share in aggregated global GDP and the sphere of international trade. Growing engagement of China in global economic development and its dependence on other participants of trade exchanges have made this country a  more ‘responsible shareholder’ of the international economic system. China has a  great development interest in upholding a  stable world economic situation, and especially in proper economic relations with the United States and the European Union, on whose markets its healthy development largely depends. Whether China will soon become a “mature, responsible and attractive superpower” depends to a significant degree not only on its efforts but also on proper relations with major trade and investment partners around the world. It seems that mutually beneficial economic relations between the PRC and the European Union (founded on mutually beneficial and strategic cooperation and not on serious and opaque competition) constitute one of the key factors determining this scenario’s validity. Unfortunately, for the time being, many problems arise in this relationship. They come from both sides requiring a proper diagnosis, as well as a scientific analysis including both assessment and prognosis. The presented scientific article tries to meet these expectations.

economy globalisation China trade investments cooperation competition the European Union

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Author: Renata Kunert-Milcarz
E-mail: renata.kunert-milcarz@uwr.edu.pl
Institution: University of Wrocław (Poland)
Author: Maciej Herbut
E-mail: maciej.herbut@uwr.edu.pl
Institution: University of Wrocław (Poland)
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 190–204
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017212
PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017212.pdf

Streszczenie:

While the scope of the paper is to assess the actions undertaken by the European Union towards the FSU-CIS (the former Soviet Union, Commonwealth of Independent States) which was manifested through the Eastern Partnership Initiative in the years 2008–2014, the focus will be centred on theoretical concepts and their ‘explanatory power’ rather than actions undertaken by European or Russian decision makers. Taking that into the account, this essay will critically assess the explanatory power of the neorealist school of thought which although overtly criticized, still remains a viable tool in explaining the processes occurring in international relations.

neorealism structural realism international relations theory Russian foreign policy Eastern Partnership

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Author: Eric Pomès
E-mail: epomes@ices.fr
Institution: Catholic University of the Vendée – ICES (France)
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 205–223
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017213
PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017213.pdf

Streszczenie:

In recent years, armed conflicts have changed in nature (civil war, ‘terrorism’) and the means used are increasingly technological (robotisation, cyberwar). Faced with these developments, some would claim International Humanitarian Law (IHL) is outdated. While these technological innovations present new challenges in the application of IHL, it still constitutes a relevant legal framework for armed conflicts and the conduct of hostilities. Indeed, the flexibility of IHL allows it to adapt to contemporary conflicts. Therefore, this shows that the statements about its obsolescence are primarily political in nature.

cyber war drones military robotisation international humanitarian law principle of distinction proportionality

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Author: Jerzy Jaskiernia
E-mail: jerzyj@hot.pl
Institution: Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce (Poland)
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 227–246
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017214
PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017214.pdf

Streszczenie:

The author analyses the dynamics of the Polish party system in the light of the outcomes of the parliamentary elections in the Third Republic of Poland (since 1989). He exposes especially the last element of that evolution – the 2015 parliamentary election. It resulted in the victory of Law and Justice (PiS) party. For the first time in the history of democratic Poland, the victor was able to create a government without having to negotiate with coalition partners. The success of PiS seems to be a result of the combination of several factors. It would be mistaken to portray an emerging situation as a simple rightist win. PiS to some extent represents a social attitude, typical for the socialist (social-democratic) parties, with some part of the program including a populist message, but with the combination of a conservative approach to several issues and nationalistic stand on a perception of patriotic mood. The important meaning has a support of PiS by the Catholic Church, especially at the grass-roots level. The victory of PiS and forming of the majority government have an important meaning for the functioning of the political parties’ system in Poland. For the first time since 1989, there were not balancing of power situation which the coalition governments have brought about. The political parties, creating the opposition in parliament, must offer a new strategy of behaviour in such circumstances, especially dealing with challenging the PiS policy to compromise a democratic system based on the 1997 Constitution, e.g. division of power, position of the Constitutional Tribunal and functioning of the judiciary

Poland elections political parties Law and Justice Civic Platform

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Author: Małgorzata Kamola-Cieślik
E-mail: m.k.kamola@wp.pl
Institution: University of Szczecin (Poland)
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 247–261
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017215
PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017215.pdf

Streszczenie:

Coal is the primary energy source affecting Poland’s energy security. It is because deposits of this raw material are available in Poland. Unlike natural gas or oil reserves, which are limited in the country. The high cost of extracting Polish coal in comparison with coal prices on the world market has made it necessary to adopt Polish mining to functioning in market economy conditions. The paper presents the evolution of Polish government policy towards the activity of coal mines in the years 1990–2015. This article aims to present government policy on restructuring coal mining after 2015 and showing its effects. The stages of consolidation of the power industry with the mining industry are shown. The above issues are presented in the context of the European Union’s energy and climate policy, paying particular attention to the share of renewable energy sources in the energy and fuel balance and the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere.

renewable energy sources hard coal mining restructuring government energy security the European Union

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Author: Natalia Roślik
E-mail: roslik.natalia@gmail.com
Institution: University of Opole (Poland)
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 265–270
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017216
PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017216.pdf

Streszczenie:

In the very beginning of this particular paper, an author is trying to determine and describe who Millennials actually are. Then, the basis of Millennials definition is analysing corporation’s activity over the past years regarding this age group. The main goal of the thesis is to bring their specific futures out and describe what corporations on Polish job market are doing to encourage them to work in their offices. Especially in Poland within the last years, it is observed that big multinational companies are paying special attention to Millennials and trying to hire them before competitors will do so. As a part of this paper, an author will describe corporate politics and practices on Thomson Reuters and BNY Mellon examples. Within this work, an author is also discussing key features and differences between this generation and Millennials parent’s generation. Additionally, there is a reference to corporate social responsibility concept and work-life balance issues.

CSR corporate social responsibility corporate politics job market corporations Millennials

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Author: Christian Pentzold
E-mail: christian.pentzold@uni-bremen.de
Institution: University of Bremen (Germany)
Author: Sanna Stegmaier
E-mail: sanna.stegmaier@kcl.ac.uk
Institution: King’s College London (United Kingdom) & Humboldt University in Berlin (Germany)
Author: Mikka Lene Pers-Hoejholt
E-mail: mikka.hoejholt@kcl.ac.uk
Institution: King’s College London (United Kingdom)
Author: Sandra Borges Tavares
E-mail: sandra.tavares@kcl.ac.uk
Institution: King’s College London (United Kingdom)
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 271–275
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017217
PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017217.pdf

Streszczenie:

Conference Report: Workshop Power and Politics of Mundane Memories. Tracing, Templating and Transforming Everyday Life. London (March 24, 2017), King’s College London.

conference report

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Author: Tomasz Lachowski
E-mail: tlachowski@wpia.uni.lodz.pl
Institution: University of Łódź (Poland)
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 276–281
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017218
PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017218.pdf

Streszczenie:

The Łódź PPSY International Seminar Transitional Justice: Between Redemption and Retribution. Łódź (June 6, 2017), University of Łódź, Professor Czesław Mojsiewicz International Cooperation Fund and the Editorial Board of the Polish Political Science Yearbook.

ppsy seminar conference report polish political science yearbook

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Author: Joanna Siekiera
E-mail: joanna.axe@gmail.com
Institution: Warsaw School of Economics (Poland) & Victoria University in Wellington (New Zealand)
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 282–285
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017219
PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017219.pdf

Streszczenie:

The 9th Conference of the Australia, New Zealand and Oceania Research Association Oceania – Centre of the Pacific Rim. Kraków, (October 21, 2017), The Institute of Middle and Far East Studies and the Australia, New Zealand and Oceania Research Association (ANZORA).

conference report

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Author: Andrzej Paweł Śledź
E-mail: andrzej.sledz.16@ucl.ac.uk
Institution: Jagiellonian University in Kraków (Poland)
Year of publication: 2017
Source: Show
Pages: 289–297
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017220
PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017220.pdf

Streszczenie:

The paper is a methodological review essay of Michael Bernhard and Jan Kubik’s comparative study of politics of memory and commemoration in seventeen Central and Eastern European states twenty years after the fall of state socialism. The goal of the essay is to critically examine Bernhard and Kubik’s volume, with a particular focus on the comparative methods they applied to explain how some political and cultural factors at the time of the collapse of communism affected a memory regime in the post-communist democracies. This analysis critically examines four aspects of the study, being: the central theoretical assumptions and contribution in comparative and memory politics; case selection; methodology and data analysis; main findings. Each part includes a summary of the particular aspect of the book, the main strengths and weaknesses, and possible improvements. The review essay emphasis is particularly novel and innovative comparative methodology in studying politics of memory and its universality, suggesting, however, severe problems with a lack of clear and consistent discourse analysis methodology which could affect the quality of final results.

Review Essay: Michael Bernhard & Jan Kubik (Eds.), Twenty Years after Communism: The Politics of Memory and Commemoration. New York: Oxford University Press 2014 (pp. 384). ISBN 9780199375134. Price: £79.00.

communism twenty years after politics of memory Jan Kubik Michael Bernhard

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