Latvia as the Area of Correlated Russian “Hard Power” and “Soft Power” Operations

Author: Gabriel Nowacki
Institution: Military University of Technology (Poland)
Published online: 21 June 2021
Final submission: 14 June 2021
Printed issue: December 2021
Source: Show
Page no: 20
Pages: 113-132
DOI Address:
PDF: ppsy/50/ppsy202121.pdf

This work presents the methodology of the Russian impact on Latvia after 1991. It defines and specifies the scope of methods concerning both the hard and soft power in international relations in the 21st century, particularly the ones used to implement the Russian Federation’s foreign policy. The implemented strategies and impact models are described. The work is also focused on certain indicators used in global rankings by experts worldwide. In the 21st century, it is no longer enough to employ the hard power methods as it is advisable to use the soft power ones, which may bring about much better results than the hard ones.


soft impact (soft power) hard impact (hard power) international security Russia

Wiadomość do:



© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart