Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 3-4
DOI Address: -
PDF: so/18/so18toc.pdf

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Author: The Editors
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 3-4
DOI Address: -
PDF: so/17/so17toc.pdf

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Author: Inetta Nowosad
E-mail: i.nowosad@ipp.uz.zgora.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3739-7844
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 7-28
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2020101
PDF: so/17/so1701.pdf

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Taiwan between the East and the West. Toward Democratisation in Education

The article sheds light on the modifications that have radically been changing the face of education since 1949 and depict Taiwan’s multi-level „balancing” between the East and the West, i.e. Taiwan’s policy toward China, orientation on economic growth, as well as progressing democratization processes that are reflected in educational policies. The article scrutinizes the processes that have been stimulating educational policies and have been of key importance to Taiwan’s development and success (not only economic, but also educational). Also, two key processes of democratization and Taiwanization, which have constituted the country’s goal, are isolated and analyzed, as well as the manner of educational changes and their intensity in three periods: authoritarian, transitional and contemporary.

Taiwan educational goals school improvement education reform Taiwanization Тайвань

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Author: Olga Nadskakuła-Kaczmarczyk
E-mail: olga.nadskakula@upjp2.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Papieski Jana Pawła II w Krakowie
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4029-9900
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 29-43
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2020102
PDF: so/17/so1702.pdf

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„Negative Identity” and Russian Political Thinking

The purpose of the article is to describe contemporary Russian political strategies revitalizing the image of an external enemy. Whereas, according to the concept of Carl Schmitt, the binary opposition „enemy-friend” is the essence of politics, it will be examined how the vision of the enemy in the form of the symbolic West helps the Rusisan ruling elite to mobilize society, unite it and gain public approval for their activities on the international arena.

political thinking правящая элита ruling elite enemy Russia identity

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Author: Kamil Pietrasik
E-mail: kamilpietrasik@Interia.pl
Institution: Towarzystwo Azji I Pacyfiku
ORCID: https//orcid.org/0000-0002-8579-0659
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 44-56
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2020103
PDF: so/17/so1703.pdf

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Azerbaijani Support for the Chechen People on the Example of the First and Second Chechen War

In this article, the autor shows the level of Azerbaijan’s support for Chechnya and Chechens during the first and second Chechen wars. The author analyzed the body of literature and the body of literature sources, which provided the answer that Azerbaijan’s support for Chechnya and Chechens in the 1990’s was very varied and did not last for long.

Russia war Azerbaijan Chechnya Caucasus Чечня Азербайджан

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Author: Rovshan Rahib Mammadsoy
Institution: Baku Slavic University
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 57-64
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2020104
PDF: so/17/so1704.pdf

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Gıvıng of Words wıthout Equıvalence in the Translatıon of Borıs Pasternak’s Doctor Zhıvago

The main task that translators face today is to not only to perfectly understand the language of the original, but also to convey the spirit of the work with its creative and artistic thinking. Therefore, the translator must be able to distinguish between literary, artistic expression and ordinary words.

translation composition realities onamastic units exoticism ideology перевод

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Author: Marcelina de Zoete-Leśniczak
E-mail: marcelina.lesniczak@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2832-355X
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 65-80
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2020105
PDF: so/17/so1705.pdf

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The Problem of Old Age in Japanese Literature of the 20th Century on the Example of Tanizaki Junichirō’s (1886–1965) Works

In Japanese prose of 20th century, especially post-war prose, there was great Tanizaki who developed in his literature the problem of old age together with such its aspects as aging - related diseases, senility, loss of vitality or fear of death. The aim of this article is to introduce and describe the problem of old age in Tanizaki’s literature by giving as example his essays and two novels. In The Key and Mad Old Man Tanizaki depicts in great detail old age, aging - related diseases, loss of sexual potential, fear of death, or attempts of pursuit for happiness in the old age days. The two novels are the most detailed, careful considerations about old age in Japanese literature, as well as the example of a very bold depiction of increasing sexual excitability in people who are facing old age. The novel’s diaristic form shows author’s very intimate and special attitude toward time and old age. Awareness of death is a privilege that can free an old man from all social and moral restrictions - Tanizaki sketches a boundary that can be reached in the last desires of life. The author is also asking a question: is it worth striving for unchanging, eternal ideals, even at the price of losing one’s life on the way to gain them? The creation of the two novels, was preceded by a series of autobiographical essays, written in 1957-1965, which were an invaluable source of information about the writer’s last period of his literary activity. These essays - cited in the article, can be considered as the material for starting the creation of the mentioned novels, in effect giving them a somewhat autobiographical character.

Танидзаки Дзюнъитиро sexuality of elderly people Japanese literature Tanizaki Jun’ichirō sex old age

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Author: Zbigniew Wiktor
E-mail: z.wiktor@gazeta.pl
Institution: Emerytowany profesor Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 81-100
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2020106
PDF: so/17/so1706.pdf

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The Cursed or Damned Soldiers

This article presents the place, as well as political and military role of the Polish reactionary guerilla in 1944-1948, identified mainly with the National Army Forces (NSZ), named colloquially as „cursed soldiers”. The great part of the Polish people uses, however, the cathegory of „damned soldiers”, which casts the political class and ascribes negative evaluation to this unit. The civil war and the reactionary querilla in the 1940s years are now presented by the reactionary right forces such as the party „Law and Justice” (PiS) as the „inflexible soldiers”, which did not surrender after the War World II and they battled against the People’s Republic of Poland. Under the German occupation they struggled against Polish leftand Soviet parisants and were also collaborating with the Wehrmacht and Gestapo (the Saint Cross Brigade of the NSZ). After WW II they murdered about 20.000 activists and functionaries of leftist political parties, of the state and local governments. Currently, they are presented as new heroes, which is a great historical lie, which established the new ideologic-political myth of the reactionary right forces in Poland as a fundament of the IV Polish Republic. In 1944-1945, Poland decided to chang the military and political situation in the result of liberation from German occupation by the Red Army and the Polish Army. In July, there was established the Polish Committee of the National Liberation, which introduced the people’s democracy, the agrar reform and the social progress. In December 1944, there was founded the Provisionally Government and in June 1945 the Provisionally Government of the National Unity, which were internationally acknowledged by all great powers and states of world. Since then, the Warsaw government had not only revolutionary and political mandate, but also international support to consquently eliminate the military underground („cursed”), which later changed in the terrorist-plunder gangs. At that time, they lost former glory and political authority, especially after the referndum in 1946, the parliamentary election in 1947, and after the amnesty of 1947, which strengthened the current leftin Poland. The National Armed Forces (NSZ) which operated in 1944-1948 are remembered by Poles not as the „cursed soldiers”, but as the „damned soldiers”, who used terror against the civilian people and introduced in Poland the political destabilization and wanted to provoke the III World War. They were armed conterrevolutionists, who buttled against the people’s, democracy and the political power of the working class. They were against new born Polish People’s Republic.

cursed soldiers damned soldiers National Armed Forces (NSZ) bourgeoisie-reactionary forces people-progress forces Polish Committee of National Liberation (PKWN) Provisionaly Government Provisionaly Government of the National Unity patriotism people democracy international situation the social progress People’s Republic of Poland буржуазнo-революционные силы общественный прогресс class struggle civil war

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Author: Filip Dobrowolski
E-mail: f.dobrowolski56@gmail.com
Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 101-116
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2020107
PDF: so/17/so1707.pdf

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Regional Cooperation of Southeast European Police Services – from SECI Center to SELEC

Despite over 20 years has passed since the start of regional cooperation of the Balkan police services, there is still a lack of official materials summarizing the region’s activity in combating cross-border crime. This study presents the genesis of SECI’s development, its transformation into SELEC, and the main areas of their activity: information exchange through liaison officers, analytical projects, joint investigations and regional operations. Organization training activities, judicial cooperation within SEEPAG and Poland’s permanent observer status at the SECI Center were also described.

SECI Center SELEC liaison officers international police cooperation Центр SECI офицеры связи

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Author: Krzysztof Borkowski
E-mail: krzysztofj.borkowski@gmail.com
Author: Henryk Ćwikliński
E-mail: henryk.cwiklinski@ug.edu.pl
Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 117-141
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2020108
PDF: so/17/so1708.pdf

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Evolution of Regulatory Instruments Supporting the Development of Micro-Installations in Poland in 2005–2019 – Selected Issues

This paper analyzes the development of micro-installations in 2005-2019 against the background of changes of the national energy policy, in particular of the introduction and subsequent modifications of the dedicated support schemes. Based on a survey conducted among micro-installations installer companies in 2016, when the future of residential micro-installations was still uncertain, the authors identified key regulatory barriers hindering the growth of the rising market and the effect energy policy changes had on those barriers in 2016-2019. The study is divided into introduction, conclusion and three parts describing the research background, methods and results. The first part contains a description of the energy policy regulations relevant to the development of micro-installations in 2005-2016. The second part presents the methodology and the results of the survey. The third part analyzes the development of micro-installations in 2017-2019 within the context of the identified barriers. In the summary, key regulatory challenges were described and scope for further research on the micro-installation market in Poland was set.

микроустановки net metering installer companies micro-installations energy policy

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