Health Literacy and the School Communities Functioning During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the School Principals’ Opinions in Poland: Perspectives and Risks

Author: Katarzyna Borzucka-Sitkiewicz (Corresponding author)
Institution: University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
Author: Rafał Muster
Institution: University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 109-122
DOI Address:
PDF: tner/202303/tner7308.pdf

The quantitative research, the partial results described in this article, was carried out as part of the COVID-HL network ( They aimed to determine to what extent health promotion and safety measures were taken in Polish schools during the COVID-19 pandemic for members of school communities. A survey method was used to conduct the research, which included an online distributed questionnaire. The research sample consisted of principals and deputy principals of schools located in eight provinces (N = 803). The research showed that school principals were highly involved in implementing health promotion activities and were, at the same time, severely burdened with tasks related to ensuring the safety of all school community representatives and maintaining proper organisation of school work during the pandemic.


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