Social Media Usage and Students’ Psychological Well-being: An Empirical Analysis of District Mirpur, AJ&K, Pakistan

Author: Saira Farooq Shah
Institution: Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST)
Author: Khadim Hussain
Institution: Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST)
Author: Ambreen Aftab
Institution: Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST)
Author: Razia Rizve
Institution: Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST)
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 60-72
DOI Address:
PDF: tner/202102/tner6405.pdf

The rapid inventions of social media in current era have changed the wellbeing of human lives. The current study aimed to explore the correlation between social media usage and undergraduate students’ psychological wellbeing in Mirpur, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Two research instruments were used in this study Social Media Addiction Scale-Student Form (SMAS-SF) and Flourishing Scale (FS). The first scale measures the usage capacity of social media and the second measures the psychological wellbeing of undergraduate students. The correlation between the scores obtained from the scales was determined by applying Pearson correlation formula. The positive correlation between social media usage and psychological wellbeing of undergraduate students has been found in this study. The other finding related to most preferred social media concluded that WhatsApp was most preferable social media among undergraduate students. 61% undergraduate students used the WhatsApp to engage their daily life in using social media.


  • Alkan, H., & Doğan, B. (2018). A research on the relationship between high school students’ social media usage and Their Wellbeing. International Journal of Educational Research Review, 3(4): 97-102.
  • Bryman, A., & Bell, E. (2007). Business research strategies. United State of America: Oxford University Press.
  • Creswell, J.W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches (2ⁿd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications
  • Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (2008). Hedonia, eudaimonia, and well-being: An introduction. Journal of Happiness Studies, 9, 1-11.
  • Dhir, A., Yossatorn, Y., Kaur, P., & Chen, S. (2018). Online social media fatigue and psychological wellbeing—A study of compulsive use, fear of missing out, fatigue, anxiety and depression. International Journal of Information Management, 40, 141-152.
  • Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, D.W., Oishi, S., &Biswas-Diener, R. (2010). New well-being measures: Short scales to assess flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicator Research, 97, 143-156.
  • Digital Report (2020) accessed by retrieved on 1-9-2020.
  • Edward, K. (2005). The phenomenon of resilience in crisis care mental health clinicians. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 14(2): 142-148.
  • Festinger, L. (1954). A theory of social comparison. Human Relations 14:48-64.
  • Gable, S.L., & Haidt, J. (2005). What (and why) is positive psychology? Review of General Psychology, 9(2): 103-110.
  • Keyes, C.L.M., & Haidt, J. (2003). Flourishing: Positive psychology and the life well lived. Washington DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Khurshid, M., & Haroon, Z. (2018). Body image, generalized contentment and psychological well-being in university students. Journal of Research and Reviews in Social Sciences Pakistan, 1(1): 71-82
  • Leary, M.R., Schreindorfer, L.S., and Haupt, A.L. (1995). The role of low self-esteem in emotional and behavioral problems: Why is low self-esteem dysfunctional? Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 14(3): 297-314
  • Livingstone, S. (2005). Audiences and publics: When cultural engagement matters for the public sphere. Portland, OR: Intellect.
  • McDool, E., Powell, P., Roberts, J., & Taylor, K. (2016). Social media use and children’s wellbeing.
  • Ryan, R.M., and Deci, E.L. (2001). On happiness and human potentials: A review of research on hedonic and eudaimonic well-being. Annual Review of Psychology, 52(1): 141-166.
  • Sahin, C. (2018). Social media addiction scale-student form: The reliability and validity study. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 17(1): 169-182.
  • Seligman, M. (2011) Positive emotion, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning and Accomplishment, Optimism, Physical Activity, Nutrition and Sleep. South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, The Wellbeing and Resilience Centre
  • Shaheen, M.A. (2008). Use of social networks and information seeking behavior of students during political crises in Pakistan: A case study. The International Information & Library Review, 40(3): 142-147.
  • Sheldon, P., & Bryant, K. (2016). Instagram: Motives for its use and relationship to narcissism and contextual age. Computers in human Behavior, 58, 89-97.
  • Shirase, R. (2012). The impact of social networking sites on personal lives of the people in Pune & neighborhood. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 3(9):1-12.
  • Stec, C. (2015). Social media definitions: The ultimate glossary of terms you should know. Hubspot.
  • Tariq, K., Tariq, R., Ayesha, Hussain, A., & Shahid, M. (2019). Effects of smartphone usage on psychological wellbeing of school going children in Lahore, Pakistan. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association (JPMA), 69(7):
  • Vannucci, A., & Ohannessian, C.M. (2019). Social media use subgroups differentially predict psychosocial well-being during early adolescence. Journal of youth and adolescence, 48(8), 1469-1493.
  • Weinstein, E. (2018). The social media see-saw: Positive and negative influences on adolescents’ affective well-being. New Media & Society, 20(10): 3597-3623.

social media psychological wellbeing undergraduate students

Wiadomość do:



© 2017 Adam Marszałek Publishing House. All rights reserved.

Projekt i wykonanie Pollyart