children

  • Solutions and the Algorithm of Screening Indicating the Presence of FASD in Preschool Aged Children in the System of Early Care

    Author: Jablonský Tomáš
    E-mail: tomas.jablonsky@ku.sk
    Institution: Catholic University, Ružomberok
    Author: Okálová Oľga
    E-mail: olga.okalova@ku.sk
    Institution: Catholic University, Ružomberok
    Author: Petra Nettleship
    Institution: United Kingdom
    Author: Utku Uçay
    E-mail: utku.ucay@gmail.com
    Institution: King’s College, London
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 17-27
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.01
    PDF: tner/201802/tner20180201.pdf

    Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is an overarching term that describes the extent of effects of prenatal alcohol exposure. It includes the range of neurodevelopmental findings and other medical findings specific for FAS. Measurability of characteristics depends on several factors, such as diagnostic instruments, multidisciplinary focus, etc. The objective of the contribution is to provide the primary early care givers with recommendations for FASD screening. It involves suggestions that deal with recognition, protection and intervention of children with FASD in the most elaborate and unbiased manner. Results of the study offer selective intention of screening in preschool-aged children. The research was conducted with 173 children aged from 3 to 7 years. The authors used their own concept of selected domains indicating the occurrence of impairments in FASD domains. Specific quantitative and qualitative research methods were assigned to them. The impairments relate to anthropometric deviations determining early occurrence of FASD. The authors have selected the domain of basic anthropometry: head circumference, height and weight and philtrum and the obtained results from domains: auditory processing, selected cognitive components, motor system, speech and sensory processing. Conclusions define basic criteria for FASD screening in general population and basic algorithm of distribution of recognized child in a system of early care in the SR. They rely on the fact that there is urgent demand in Slovakia to involve participants in active FASD care.

  • Artists in the Eyes of Children – Semiotic Analysis of the Meanings about Artists Constructed by Children

    Author: Małgorzata Karczmarzyk
    E-mail: sienkiewiczus@gmail
    Institution: University of Gdańsk
    Author: Dominika Szelągowska
    Institution: III High School in Gdansk
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 131-141
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2018.02.08
    PDF: kie/120/kie12008.pdf

    The problem around which this study was constructed is the contemporary art and a person, who creates this art – an artist, and their authentic perception by the child. A modern vision of the child too often shows the artist in a distorted, incomplete or reduced way. This kind of children knowledge, based on the patterns and stereotypes, reduces the reflectivity of children, unnecessarily distorts their judgment and closes the road ahead to a full and critical participation in the world. The study is based on the analysis of interviews and children’s drawings centered around the perception of the profile of an artist by children. It results from the analysis of the research material gathered during the study that this is a stereotypical vision, and the artist is still associated with a person who remains beyond the reach of “normal” society.
    The conducted research shows the diversity of the types of meanings that children aged 5–7 attribute to the term “artist” and “artistry”. The naive ideas on this subject created by children prove to be a collection of beliefs of a partially common and often completely different nature. For a pedagogue, the ultimate purpose of the research is to obtain knowledge which will allow effective changes in education, in this case, in art education. The investigation of meanings which children attribute to concepts concerning the artistic phenomena may allow to create a strategy of transmission of knowledge of art history and to design the creative activities connected with the broadly-understood visual arts.

  • Third culture children in the Czech Republic: the influence of parents’ cultures on preparing for school

    Author: Lenka Venterová
    Institution: Uniwersytet Tomasza Baty w Zlinie
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 179-192
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2018.02.09
    PDF: em/9/em909.pdf

    Dzieci trzeciej kultury są stosunkowo nowym podmiotem badań w Republice Czeskiej. Niniejsze badania jakościowe obejmują dzieci, których językami ojczystymi są czeski i angielski, a każdy z rodziców ma inne zaplecze kulturowe. Ich dzieci uczęszczające do szkół podstawowych w Republice Czeskiej muszą często pokonać innego rodzaju problemy dotyczące przygotowania się do nauki szkolnej niż ich jednokulturowi rówieśnicy. W części metodologicznej staram się zidentyfikować te problemy oraz powody zamieszkania tego typu rodzin mieszanych w Republice Czeskiej, mimo że nie zawsze jest to dla ich dzieci łatwe.

  • Ego-Resiliency and Parental Satisfaction Among Parents of Children with Down Syndrome

    Author: Anna Kózka
    Author: Hanna Przybyła-Basista
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 239-249
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2017.48.2.19
    PDF: tner/201702/tner20170219.pdf

    Parents of children with Down syndrome face many challenges related to their children’s disability. They manage to raise their children primarily thanks to their internal resources, protective psychological traits and help from other people. The aim of this study was to investigate the level of ego-resiliency as an important personality trait in a group of mothers and fathers of children with Down syndrome. The relationship between ego-resiliency and parental satisfaction was also studied. The sample consisted of 126 parents (75 mothers and 51 fathers). Our results show that there is no difference in the level of ego-resiliency between mothers and fathers of children with Down syndrome. Nevertheless, it is noticed that there is a difference in perceived stress, psychological well-being and some aspects of parental satisfaction between parents with high and low levels of ego-resiliency. These results give an interesting insight into the internal func- tioning of parents of children with Down syndrome.

  • Early Foreign Language Learning from the Children’s Perspective

    Author: Saša Jazbec
    Author: Branka Čagran
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 125-136
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2016.45.3.10
    PDF: tner/201603/tner20160310.pdf

    Many European children begin to learn a (foreign) language at a very early age, and early foreign language learning has thus evolved into a paradigm that seems to have settled as a steady companion of everyday school life. The aim of this contribution, which addresses the topic of early foreign language learning from the participant’s, i.e. the student’s, point-of-view, is to determine students’ reasons for learning a foreign language, as articulated by the students themselves. The research analysis will investigate the motivational aspects that influence learning, and will also illustrate and interpret the research results of a study in which approx. 300 students aged 6-10 years from 9 different countries participated. The analysis will not be country specific, but will highlight common motivational features that recur in all the students’ replies and reveal – as expected-not a linguistic, but a decisively pragmatic focus in the process of language learning.

  • The relationships between perceived stress and psychological well-being among mothers and fathers of children with down syndrome

    Author: Anna Kózka
    Author: Hanna Przybyła-Basista
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 285-294
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2016.44.2.23
    PDF: tner/201602/tner20160223.pdf

    The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between perceived stress and psychological well-being among parents of children with down syndrome. The relationship between perceiving one’s parenthood and well-being was also studied. The sample consisted of 126 parents (75 mothers and 51 fathers, aged 25-69) of children with down syndrome. our results show that ego-resiliency is a partial mediator of the relationship between perceived stress and psychological well-being. Moreover, there is a difference in well-being between parents who perceive their parenthood as a burden or challenge, and parents who report happiness and satisfaction.

  • (Nie)równe traktowanie dzieci powracających w polskiej szkole

    Author: Paulina Szydłowska
    Author: Joanna Durlik
    Author: Joanna Grzymała-Moszczyńska
    Author: Halina Grzymała-Moszczyńska
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 201-224
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2017.02.13
    PDF: em/7/em713.pdf

    Celem badań, które zostały przeprowadzone w ramach projektu (Nie)łatwe powroty do domu. Badanie funkcjonowania dzieci i młodzieży powracających z emigracji, było zdiagnozowanie sytuacji dzieci i młodzieży powracających do Polski i opisanie jej z różnych perspektyw: dziecka, rodzica, nauczyciela/ki, a także osób pracujących w poradniach psychologiczno-pedagogicznych. W badaniach wzięło udział 34 dzieci, 27 rodziców oraz 26 nauczycieli. Z respondentami i respondentkami przeprowadzono częściowo pogłębione wywiady, a z pracownikami Poradni Psychologiczno-Pedagogicznych wywiady focusowe oraz badanie ankietowe.Wyniki badań wskazują na występowanie dyskryminacji w stosunku do dzieci powracających w polskich szkołach. Przybiera ona różne formy: od nieuwzględniania przez szkołę ich specjalnych potrzeb edukacyjnych, przez etykietowanie, po przemoc słowną albo fizyczną ze strony rówieśników. Badania pokazują również, że często kadra szkolna nie tylko nie reaguje adekwatnie na przemoc stosowaną względem tej grupy dzieci, ale sama dopuszcza sie takiej przemocy w sposób nieświadomy. Sytuacja ta może wynikać zarówno z braku przygotowania nauczycieli do pracy z dzieckiem z doświadczeniem migracyjnym w ramach studiów, a także z braku dostępu do szkoleń na temat edukacji antydyskryminacyjnej.

  • Zagrożenia dla bezpieczeństwa dzieci zamieszkujących w strefie konfliktu na wschodniej Ukrainie

    Author: Tomasz R. Dębowski
    E-mail: tomasz.debowski@uwr.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Wrocławski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9933-8911
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 136-153
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20202407
    PDF: npw/24/npw2407.pdf

    Threats to the safety of children in the conflict zone in eastern Ukraine

    Publications on the conflict in eastern Ukraine rarely describe the situation of children living in the combat zone. More attention is paid to the political, economic and military aspects of this confrontation. The author has set himself two goals. The first one is to check how the war affects the biological and mental aspects of children’s lives. The second is an attempt to answer the question whether there is a possibility of improving the situation of minors. The paper on the problematic system is divided into three parts. The first part draws attention to the following problems: difficulties with access to medical care, increased incidence of infectious diseases, growing drug addiction, drinking water pollution, as well as the threat of unexploded ordnance. The second part describes: threats to mental health of children, socialization problems (pre-school and school education, family crisis, shaping of national identity), as well as participation of child soldiers in the conflict in Donbass. The last section of the article contains conclusions. The considerations were prepared on the basis of carefully verified materials in English, Ukrainian and Polish. Many publications were downloaded from the websites of international organizations, analytical centers and scientific institutions.

  • Dziecięce choroby i urazy w świetle Skarbu Nieprzebranego Dobrodzieystw Boskich Jana Kazimierza Steczewicza (lata sześćdziesiąte i siedemdziesiąte XVII w.)

    Author: Małgorzata Delimata-Proch
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7894-2589
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 64-85
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso200104
    PDF: hso/24/hso2404.pdf

    Skarb Nieprzebrany Dobrodzieystw Boskich by Jan Kazimierz Steczewicz provides an opportunity of analysing children’s health and the consequences of unfortunate accidents. It also allows to take a closer look at the votive practices and rites described in the book of miracles.

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