cooperation

  • The EU-China Economic Relations: a Harmful Competition or a Strategic Cooperation?

    Author: Maciej Walkowski
    E-mail: maciej.walkowski@amu.edu.pl
    Institution: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 172-189
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017211
    PDF: ppsy/46-2/ppsy2017211.pdf

    The People’s Republic of China currently possesses the second biggest national economy in the world, smaller only to that of the United States. It is also a matter of time for China to become the greatest economic power, at least regarding share in aggregated global GDP and the sphere of international trade. Growing engagement of China in global economic development and its dependence on other participants of trade exchanges have made this country a  more ‘responsible shareholder’ of the international economic system. China has a  great development interest in upholding a  stable world economic situation, and especially in proper economic relations with the United States and the European Union, on whose markets its healthy development largely depends. Whether China will soon become a “mature, responsible and attractive superpower” depends to a significant degree not only on its efforts but also on proper relations with major trade and investment partners around the world. It seems that mutually beneficial economic relations between the PRC and the European Union (founded on mutually beneficial and strategic cooperation and not on serious and opaque competition) constitute one of the key factors determining this scenario’s validity. Unfortunately, for the time being, many problems arise in this relationship. They come from both sides requiring a proper diagnosis, as well as a scientific analysis including both assessment and prognosis. The presented scientific article tries to meet these expectations.

  • Sotrudnichestvo Turcii s subektami Rossijjskojj Federacii v period 2000–2010 gg.

    Author: Ahmet Burak
    E-mail: ahmet83burak@gmail.com
    Institution: Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu, Poland
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 25-42
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016202
    PDF: npw/11/npw2016202.pdf

    In its 90 years of modern existence, Turkish foreign relations with Russia reflect contentious issues with which the two republics have grappled during the twentieth century and following the collapse of great empires, civil wars and radical changes in the international political system. Moreover, it is safe to say that the degree of constructiveness of these relations is directly dependent upon macropolitical processes in Eurasia, and that the success of foreign political contacts reflects the level of political and cultural thinking of state elites in both countries. One of the most important directions of Russian–Turkish bilateral relations is inter-regional cooperation on the subject of the Russian Federation and Turkey. This paper analyzes the main directions and pace of economic cooperation development between Turkey and Russia’s constituent entities, and evaluates the prospects of these relations.

  • Poszerzanie pola bezpieczeństwa energetycznego w ramach Grupy Wyszehradzkiej

    Author: Norbert Obara
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 139-152
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2016107
    PDF: npw/10/npw2016107.pdf

    The Visegrad Group (V4) is an informal, regional form of cooperation: Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. The article is about making intensify cooperation in the field of building energetic safety between four countries and a mechanism of cooperation with third countries in the “V4+” format, building energetic networking with countries outside Group, for example Croatia, Romania, Bulgaria. There were several political declaration about building market coupling to strength energetic safety. The documents sets out the conditions of cooperation in the fields of energetic safety and the reinforcement of energy security in the region. The main problem in the group is Russia. Hungary is seen as having taken a ‘special path’ with relation with Russia. The deal Hungary-Russia about blocks of Paks nuclear power covers constructing the new blocks and fuel supplies for increase Hungary’s energy independence. It could be against main aim of UE energetic policy to making one UE energetic policy, in the V4 group also. The perspective for V4 are not very optimistic because of different geopolitical interest of members Group in spite of political declaration for strengthening Energy cooperation.

  • WHAT RENDERS ENP A VIABLE POLICY OPTION? DISCUSSING THE LOGIC BEHIND THE ENPS LEGITIMACY AND DWELLING ON THE ENP’S SUSTAINABILITY

    Author: Konrad Hanuszko
    E-mail: Konrad.Hanuszko@gmail.com
    Institution: Warsaw School of Economics
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 40-55
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/rop201603
    PDF: rop/2016/rop201603.pdf

    The objective of this paper is to discuss the logic behind the ENP and explore whether it makes the ENP a relevant and sustainable policy-framework. The discussion is structured as follows. First, the rationale behind the ENP is discussed. The second part is dedicated to the challenges that the ENP partner-countries face. Then, the threats that the EU faces due to unsolved problems inherent in the ENP states are examined. Finally, ways of improving the ENP are discussed. Conclusions follow.

  • NSZZ „Solidarność” lat 1980 – 1990 jako czynnik integrujący region kujawsko-pomorski

    Author: dr Stefan Pastuszewski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 393-404
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201719
    PDF: siip/16/siip1619.pdf

    NSZZ “Solidarność” years 1980 – 1990 as an integrated factor of Kujawsko-Pomorskie region

    Independent Self-governing Trade Union “Solidarity” did not accept the disintegration of the state by dividing into 49 small provinces and districts liquidation – both in the program and operations sought to community actions. Similarly happened in the Kujawsko-Pomorskie region, where “Solidarity” unionists in the public and conspiracy activities sought to create a macro-region of their trade union within the limits of the liquidated in 1975 Bydgoszcz-region. By 1989 cooperation between regions: Bydgoszcz, Toruń and Włocławek was very good. The experience of “Solidarity” can now be used in the process of integration of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie region, as an idea of regional solidarity – a sense of mutual dependence and mutual responsibility for the prosperity and development of the entire region.

  • Multi-competent pupils – a challenge for teachers at the time of global cultural transformation

    Author: Agata Popławska
    Institution: University of Pedagogy in Bialystok
    Author: Tatiana Aniskevich
    Institution: Pushkin Brest State University
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 100-115
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/IFforE2017.07
    PDF: iffe/10/iffe1007.pdf

    The purpose of the study was to characterise pupils’ profiles as well as the initiatives undertaken by teachers in order to comply with the dynamically changing world. The first part of the paper presents selected contexts of global cultural transformation. The second part focuses on the characteristics of pupils’ multiple competencies with an aim to identify and reorganize their cognitive axiological, social and emotional competences. The last part points to and analyses developmental potential of pupils’ multiple competences in properly arranged and implemented educational processes. In order to meet the challenges, teachers should make use not only of pupils’ potential, but also of their own resources.

  • Rola GOPR w systemie grup dyspozycyjnych w procesie zapobiegania zagrożeniom w regionach transgranicznych

    Author: Jadwiga Mazur
    Institution: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. KEN Kraków
    Author: Tadeusz Michalczyk
    Institution: Krakowska Akademia im. A. Frycza Modrzewskiego w Krakowie
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 95–115
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2017.53.05
    PDF: apsp/53/apsp5305.pdf

    Celem niniejszej analizy jest wskazanie roli, jaką w systemie zapobiegania zagrożeniom na terenach transgranicznych odgrywa Górskie Ochotnicze Pogotowie Ratunkowe. Kolejno zostaną omówione Górskie Ochotnicze Pogotowie Ratunkowe, jego miejsce wśród grup dyspozycyjnych i strategii bezpieczeństwa państwa oraz rola w procesie zapobiegania zagrożeniom w regionach transgranicznych.

  • Diagnoza i ocena poziomu kapitału społecznego województwa świętokrzyskiego

    Author: Sławomir Pastuszka
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego w Kielcach
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 167–188
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.51.10
    PDF: apsp/51/apsp5110.pdf

    Celem artykułu jest ocena poziomu kapitału społecznego województwa świętokrzyskiego. Analizie poddano takie elementy, jak: zaufanie, odpowiedzialność za dobro wspólne, skłonność do zrzeszania się oraz deklarowaną aktywność społeczną, udział w wyborach władz. Do analizy wykorzystano badanie ankietowe przeprowadzone wśród mieszkańców województwa świętokrzyskiego pod koniec 2014 r. Zdiagnozowany poziom kapitału społecznego badanych osób nie napawa optymizmem – cechuje go niski stopień zaufania ogólnego, stosunkowo niewielkie zaangażowanie w inicjatywy na rzecz dobra wspólnego oraz małe zainteresowanie aktywnością organizacji społecznych. Takie postawy i zachowania prawdopodobnie wpłyną negatywnie na perspektywy rozwoju gospodarki regionalnej opartej na wiedzy, spowolnią postęp społeczny, a w efekcie utrudnią zwiększenie poziomu dobrobytu mieszkańców województwa świętokrzyskiego.

  • Siódme rosyjsko-chińskie spotkanie na szczycie (drugie „nieformalne spotkanie” na szczycie), 9–10 grudnia 1999 roku

    Author: Tadeusz Dmochowski
    Institution: Uniwersytet Gdański
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 56-70
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/cip201804
    PDF: cip/16/cip1604.pdf

    W artykule omówiono podstawowe dokumenty podpisane w czasie siódmego rosyjsko-chińskiego spotkania na szczycie (drugiego nieformalnego spotkania na szczycie) w Pekinie w dniach 9–10 grudnia 1999 r. W trakcie spotkania podpisano wspólny komunikat informacyjny z nieformalnego spotkania oraz wspólne oświadczenie rosyjsko-chińskie, a także trzy porozumienia międzyrządowe – dwa protokoły – opisy linii rosyjsko-chińskiej granicy państwowej w jej wschodniej oraz zachodniej części oraz porozumienie o wspólnym gospodarczym użytkowaniu wyodrębnionych wysp i przylegających do nich akwatoriów rzek pogranicznych.

  • Pedagogika przygody – uczenie się bycia razem, uczenie się wspólnego działania

    Author: Ewa Palamer-Kabacińska
    E-mail: e.palamer@uw.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Warszawski
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6251-0941
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 69-90
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2020.01.05
    PDF: kie/127/kie12705.pdf

    According to EU guidelines, modern education should focus on learning skills. It is anticipated that most of the professions that are known today will disappear in a dozen or so years and new ones will replace them. The labor market will require teamwork skills, creative thinking and problem solving. The formal education system cannot keep up with all these changes and requirements. For several years the movement of activities related to adventure education has been expanding in Poland: organizations operating in this trend are established, cooperate with each other, enter into international structures, and the network of forest kindergartens is expanding. The very concept of “adventure education” is known to a small group of educators and animators for now. Assumptions are associated with scouting - although they should not be equated with it. Adventure education is primarily in the field of non-formal education, but following the example of Slovenia or Great Britain, it is also trying to enter schools in Poland. It is successfully used in sociotherapeutic activities, and is increasingly involved in activities by scout organizations and commercial companies. So what is adventure education? Is it worth investing and why? What are its assumptions? What competences and skills does it teach? This article will attempt to answer these questions in relation to own research carried out as part of the adventure programs implemented in the years 2015.

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