cross-border cooperation

Polska–Rosja: wybrane gospodarcze aspekty współpracy transgranicznej Abstract

Author: Wioletta Sokół
Institution: Szkoła Wyższa im. B. Jańskiego w Elblągu, Poland
Year of publication: 2017
Pages: 82-92
DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2017205
PDF: npw/13/npw2017205.pdf

The publication presents the point of view on economic relations with one Russian region bordering Poland–Kaliningrad Oblast. This is the point of view of the author, who has been dealing with the practical coordination of the co-operation for many years, and who has been currently dealing with this part of the international relations from the scientific.

The difficult situation in the Polish-Russian border regions is described by the presented data related to trade in the recent years. Other aspects of cross-border cooperation which affect the economic development of border regions are also presented. From the point of view of border regions, the current situation is not favourable. For many years there have been attempts to create conditions for the economically weaker border regions, being also the peripheries of the Eastern border of the European Union, to develop better. This aim was to be achieved by, among others, local border traffic, as well as the Interreg programs: Poland–Lithuania– Russia and the currently developed Poland–Russia. In the present political situation, the voice of the regions bordering with the Russian federation is not particularly taken into consideration. But, in the long term, considering the socioeconomic development of border regions and common problems resulting from them being neighbours across the border, it should be noticed.

Przeciwdziałanie nielegalnej imigracji do Polski na granicy polsko-ukraińskiej w latach 2009-2019

Author: Grzegorz Tutak
Institution: Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4705-0446
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 128-148
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20212807
PDF: npw/28/npw2807.pdf

Counteracting Illegal Immigration to Poland on the Polish-Ukrainian Border in 2009-2019

Illegal migration is one of the most frequently committed border crimes. The cooperation of states and specialized services in the field of combating and counteracting illegal migration is an expression of the implementation of the overriding goal, which is the security of the state and its citizens. As shown by the statistics of the Border Guard, the Polish-Ukrainian border is characterized by the greatest personal traffic. In 2009-2019, most illegal immigration was recorded on this section of the border. The article discusses the scale and scope of the phenomenon of illegal immigration on the Polish-Ukrainian border, and highlights the cooperation of services and organizations competent in this field.

Tożsamościowy wymiar współpracy transgranicznej Polski i Ukrainy. Z badań nad świadomością zbiorową mieszkańców obszarów przygranicznych

Author: Tomasz Peciakowski
Institution: Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II w Lublinie
Author: Wojciech Gizicki
Institution: Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II w Lublinie
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 175-195
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2021.70.11
PDF: apsp/70/apsp7011.pdf

Artykuł ukazuje współpracę transgraniczną między Polską i Ukrainą z perspektywy mikrospołecznej, podkreślającej wymiar tożsamościowy kontaktów społecznych i ich konsekwencje. W przeprowadzonych w grudniu 2019 r. badaniach wśród mieszkańców obszarów przygranicznych Polski i Ukrainy zwrócono uwagę na to, czy współpraca ta stała się wśród mieszkańców terenów przygranicznych ważną perspektywą postrzegania sąsiedzkich relacji, jak mocno wyrażana jest potrzeba jej rozwoju oraz jak postrzegane są jej efekty. W świadomości badanych dominuje perspektywa postrzegania transgranicznych relacji polsko-ukraińskich jako opartych na kontaktach ekonomicznych. Zakorzeniona jest też świadomość asymetrii regionalnych, co wpływa na różnice w postrzeganiu współpracy transgranicznej między mieszkańcami terenów przygranicznych. Mimo różnic badani zwracali uwagę na elementy kulturowe łączące oba narody oraz walory ułatwiające komunikację.

Cross-Border Cooperation within the European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument “Ukraine-Romania-Moldova”

Author: Oleksandr Sokolovskyy
Institution: Lviv Polytechnic National University
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0515-2367
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 48-60
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/CPLS.20221.05
PDF: cpls/1/cpls105.pdf

Under the current conditions of expanding globalization, the role of cross-border cooperation in the life of regions and communities is growing and new opportunities are opening up to intensify economic activity in peripheral areas and increase their competitiveness. Cross-border cooperation is aimed at overcoming the negative aspects of the existence of borders and the consequences that have arisen in the border areas due to their location on the national outskirts of states and aims to improve living conditions. Among the main goals of such cooperation are: overcoming existing stereotypes and prejudices on both sides of the border; removing political and administrative barriers between neighboring nations; creation of economic, social and cultural infrastructure, subject to the formation of joint bodies, economic entities, centers, etc. The article describes the main aspects of cross-border cooperation between Romania, Moldova and Ukraine. Romania is an important partner for the countries of Eastern Europe and, as one of the youngest EU countries, has considerable experience that could help partner countries to carry out effective socio- economic reforms and fight corruption. Ukraine-Romania- Moldova cross-border cooperation is part of the European Neighborhood and Partnership Instrument and plays an important role in developing mutually beneficial relations between states, addressing socio-economic, environmental and security issues, and is an effective means of Ukraine’s European integration. The Joint Action Plan “Ukraine-Romania- Moldova” 2007–2013 of the European Instrument has significantly affected the revival of cross-border cooperation between Ukraine, Romania, Moldova, especially the cooperation of local and regional authorities, communities and civil society institutions. During the program, more than 140 projects were implemented, which contributed to the development of transport infrastructure in border areas, energy networks, water and waste management, funded projects for cooperation between universities, research institutes and local authorities. There are positive dynamics of cross-border cooperation between Ukraine and Romania, in particular, important infrastructure projects are being implemented under the “Joint Black Sea Basin Joint Operational Program 2014–2020” and EU Joint Operational Program Romania-Ukraine 2014–2020”.

The External Border Policy of the European Union – New Theoretical Approach

Author: Monika Trojanowska-Strzęboszewska
Year of publication: 2011
Source: Show
Pages: 81-103
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2011.30.05
PDF: apsp/30/apsp3005.pdf

The paper presents a proposal of a new perspective as regards the way of defining the EU’s policy concerning the functional dimension of its borders. Thus, it comprises a counterproposal to the narrow definition of the whole policy, limited to the issues of border control and the principles of border crossing. In this approach, the EU’s border policy constitutes a kind of political framework for three programmes, implemented under three separate sectors of this policy, programmes of the EU activity oriented towards: cross-border cooperation of local communities; the establishment of tightened control and border protection and finally the stabilisation of the EU outside its borders. This is a three – dimensional, internally diverse policy of the EU, the implementation of which – depending on the dimension – is carried out by means of financial, legal or political instruments. This proposal constitutes a more complex approach to the analysis of the EU policy towards its borders and provides the opportunity to consider a particular EU border from the perspective of the level of isolation of border areas, the degree of permeability of the border control regime and of the “friendliness” or “hostility” of relations with neighbouring countries. It seems that such a perspective can better convey the diverse character of the EU’s external borders and determine their actual level of openness or closeness.

Euroregions, Their Influence on the Development of Polish and Czech Borderlands

Author: Krystyna Łangowska-Marcinowska
Institution: The Higher School Of Management And Administration in Opole
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4330-403
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 114-124
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.04.07
PDF: kie/138/kie13807.pdf

Euroregions, their influence on the development of the Polish and Czech border The Polish-Czech borderland is a system of characteristic social realities and a place where two different cultures meet. The emergence of Euroregions creates opportunities for faster development of border areas and their integration. Cross-border cooperation is located in various frames of the borderland life that affect the everyday life of residents, i.e., in the spheres of the economy (cooperation between entrepreneurs), communication (expansion of the infrastructure and infostructural network), culture, sport and tourism, ecology, education and science (research, joint implementation of EU programmes), combating all crime, and warning and assistance in states of disasters and crises (e.g., in case of a flood, fire, epidemic threats). The research presented in the publication shows that there is still a need for a lasting good functioning of the Euroregions existing on the border of Poland and the Czech Republic. Keywords: Euroregion, borderland, cross-border cooperation, attitude, lifestyle

Euroregion Karpacki jako przykład współpracy transgranicznej w Europie Środkowo-Wschodniej

Author: Marek Żurek
Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1849-3168
Year of publication: 2023
Source: Show
Pages: 31-39
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/PPUSI.2023.04.02
PDF: pomi/11/pomi1102.pdf

The Carpathian Euroregion as an example of crossborder cooperation in Central and Eastern Europe

Cross-border cooperation in Europe began in the 1950s. In Poland, the first Euroregions began to emerge in the early 1990s after the socio-political changes in Central and Eastern Europe. The Carpathian Euroregion, which was established in 1993, was the second Euroregion in Poland and the first in Slovakia and Ukraine. Its creation caused concerns among politicians, mainly at the central level. The reasons for these fears were ignorance of the rules of cross-border cooperation and the political situation - countries in this region were reforming and consolidating and some politicians were afraid of blurring of borders and sovereignty. The Carpathian Euroregion is a diverse region in terms of politics, ethnicity, culture and religion. It consists of the border areas of five countries. Despite political, economic and legal obstacles, local authorities have agreed on forms of cooperation and are implementing projects for the benefit of the region’s cross-border community.

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