Europa Środkowa i Wschodnia

  • Obsadzanie składu sądu konstytucyjnego w Polsce i w innych państwach Europy Środkowej i Wschodniej w kontekście jego niezależności

    Author: Marek Jarentowski
    E-mail: m.jarentowski@uksw.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 201-223
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2017.05.12
    PDF: ppk/39/ppk3912.pdf

    Constitutional courts, in order to perform their function of the constitutional review, should be independent of the creator of that law. Independence can be operationalized as a mechanism for filling and changing the composition of courts as defined in the legislation, and also as a difficulty in changing these rules. In this perspective one can describe the extent of independence of the Polish constitutional court against the background of courts in other countries of Central and Eastern Europe. It can be said that there is a field to increase the independence of the Polish court, eg by increasing the diversity of entities entitled to fill the court or by introducing regular rotation in the positions of the judges at specific dates (instead of individual mandates). But the greatest degree of court independence threatens, compliant with constitution or inconstitutional interference in the composition and constitutional court system, done in the interest of the ruling majority that makes this interference.

  • Źródła trwałości gabinetów rządowych w państwach Europy Środkowej i Wschodniej

    Author: Robert Radek
    E-mail: robert.radek@us.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1674-660
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 57-71
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppk.2019.01.03
    PDF: ppk/47/ppk4703.pdf

    The article is devoted to the analysis of sources of durability of cabinet in selected countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The author focused on those factors that in the trans forming states of the region cause the cabinet to remain in office and stable governance. A few interesting aspects were chosen to illustrate the problem of minority government in these countries. The main thesis is that governments in the transforming Central and Eastern Europe with the support of a parliamentary majority last longer than minority cabinets, and this is mainly influenced by the concentration of political power rather than by dispersion.

  • W Czechach o Polsce w kontekście Europy Środkowej i Wschodniej

    Author: Artur Patek
    E-mail: artur.patek@uj.edu.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 89-98
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso170105
    PDF: hso/12/hso1205.pdf

    Polish studies have a long tradition in the Czech Republic. The Congress of the Polish Studies, held in Prague in 2013, attempted to present the current state of research on Polish issues. Two monographs were published as the proceedings of the congress. This paper discusses the second one, i.e., The Czech studies on Poland in the context of Central and Eastern Europe.

  • New Parties in the Party Systems of Central and Eastern European Countries : the Factors of Electoral Success

    Author: Maciej Marmola
    Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 50-65
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2019.63.04
    PDF: apsp/63/apsp6304.pdf

    The aim of the presented analysis is to identify factors correlated with the proportion of seats obtained by new political parties in party systems of Central and Eastern European countries. The study provides an original approach to success of new parties, offering factors divided into in four groups (political, social, institutional and economic factors). The study results confirmed that a higher proportion of seats obtained by new parties in the investigated area correlated with lower trust in the European Union, lower institutional trust (index based on trust in the parliament, government and political parties), poorer evaluations of the future of the country (illustrated with the prospective voting variable), lower income inequalities in the society (illustrated with the Gini coefficient value), and a higher effective number of parties. No significant relationships were observed in the case of institutional factors (including the electoral system).

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