• Relations between the Europeanization and a Development of Public Policy on the Example of Cohesion Policy

    The article presents basic relations which happen among Europeanization and the public politics on the example of the politics of the cohesion. The author makes the broad exploration objective concepts and also postulates determined conclusions and recommendations.


      The purpose of this article is synthetic analysis of the theories concerning the Security and Defence Policy of the European Union. Author analyses neorealist and neofunctionalist theories and marginally takes into account theory of liberal intergovernmentalism and new institutionalism theory
      Neorealists argued that in order to understand CSDP, one should look at the changing nature of the balance of power and the way in which member states sought profits coming from the negotiation process, which took place between European Union and NATO. Liberal intergovernmetalists, including Andrew Moravcsik, assumed that CSDP is a factor created and driven by the domestic policy of member states, although both NATO and EU institutions influenced this process. Neofunctionalists’ hypothesis assumed that CSDP is a result of the spill-over effect – consequence of the economic integration. They demonstrated, through economic analysis, the impact of economic and monetary union on the process of development of the European security and defence policy. In neoinstitutionalist theory, the emergence of the CSDP is explained by highlighting the impact of international institutions in the foreign policy of the EU and NATO member states.
      Above hypotheses have the objective of finding the causes of the CSDP’s emergence, but are also an attempt to answer the question what is the CSDP. Exitisting theories do not adress the whole issue comprehensively, because they are missing implication of links between supranational, transnational and intergovernmental dimension of CSDP, indicating only the conceptualization of evolution and the role of the various bodies at different levels, particularly in the theories of neoliberalism, neoinstitutionalism and intergovernmental liberalism.

  • Defining mainstream literature: the case of energy policy of the European Union

    Defining mainstream literature: the case of energy policy of the European Union

    Several approaches are available to define the mainstream academic literature in a certain subdiscipline. However the sustainability of the findings of those searches is still an open issue. The paper addresses this problem by examining two approaches to defining the mainstream literature on a certain topic. In the first case, it verifies the approach of creation of the list of the most influential scientific publications using the “times-cited” and H-index as two of the main criteria. In the second case, the study applies a bibliometric approach by examining 90 academic articles on energy policy of the European Union published in 2013–2015. The study shows that former approach may lead to unsustainable search results as they are dependent on time when the search was completed. The search using bibliometric approach ensures sustainable results as they are not time-dependent. It produces the list of the most influential 28 academic sources on the topic that will not change through time if one applies the same sample of articles. The both approaches use the ISI Web of Science database. But as the latter uses the older version of the database, the search is limited to the articles published not later than 2015. The both approaches examine articles in English only. Therefore the paper provides general reflections on objectivity of such findings in a broader context of the study of energy policy of the EU.

  • Europeanization of Slovak Political System During the Accession Process to the European Union

    Europeanization acted at all stages of society development in Slovakia, with varying degrees of intensity and in various forms, since the signing of the association agreement with the European Union. A significant impact was already in the stage of transition, when the consistent implementation of the Copenhagen criteria insist by the EC/EU help to return to the path of democratic development in Slovakia. However, it wasn’t just about the application of the generally accepted principles of parliamentary democracy, but also on the active impact of the EC/EU institutions within the existing opportunities provided by the signing of the Association Agreement. A qualitatively new stage began after completion of the Copenhagen criteria and the opening of negotiations, which was to implement acquis communautaire into the internal legal order of the country. At this stage, clearly dominated the process of Europeanization “top-down”, i.e. the adoption of standards, laws of the European Union, to make country compatible with other countries of the EU. After the entry of the Slovakia into the EU, a two-sided process of Europeanization: “up-down” and “bottom-up” has started.

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