Gruzja

  • Dwoistość doświadczenia: Gruzja w dyskursie postkolonialnym o postsowieckości

    Author: Bartłomiej Krzysztan
    Institution: Polska Akademia Nauk w Warszawie
    Year of publication: 2018
    Source: Show
    Pages: 196-215
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2018.58.12
    PDF: apsp/58/apsp5812.pdf

    Pytanie badawcze tekstu sprowadza się do rozważań nad możliwością aplikacji teorii postkolonialnych w przypadku postsowieckiej Gruzji. Krytyka postkolonialna niemal ominęła sferę postsowiecką, pozostawiając ogromną przestrzeń polityczną w monopolu idei interpretacji przez badania systemowo-tranzycyjne. Przez rozważania nad potencjalnymi limitacjami dla możliwości przepisania teorii w odmiennych uwarunkowaniach politycznych autor próbuje rozwinąć szerszą perspektywę dla interpretacji socjopolitycznych procesów w postsowieckiej Gruzji. Przypadek Gruzji jest interesujący dla teorii postkolonialnych, gdyż zgodnie z hipotezą Gruzja podlega dwoistości postkolonialnego doświadczenia. Z jednej strony podlega procesom dependencyjnym ze strony byłego hegemona, z drugiej w ten sam sposób (jako kolonialny dzierżawca przemocy) postrzegana jest przez mniejszości etniczne w „lokalnym” imperium. Zatem, używając nomenklatury postkolonialnej, tekst stara się zredefiniować transformacyjne i postkolonialne doświadczenie Gruzji.

  • The Republic of Georgia in the Face of a Crisis: The Effectiveness of External Activities

    Author: Joanna Piechowiak-Lamparska
    Institution: Nicolaus Copernicus University
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 117–130
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2016.52.06
    PDF: apsp/52/apsp5206.pdf

    The problem of effectiveness of reaction to external crisis expressed by participants of the international system is very much a live issue. In view of growing military conflicts in many parts of the world, the question how effective the relations between the players are in the international arena is a category worth analysing. This article concerns the Russian-Georgian crisis, whose most important manifestation was the military conflict in August 2008 and most significant result – the loss of Georgia’s territorial integrity and the strengthening of Russia’s position in the post-Soviet area. The analysis, conducted according to the presented scheme, focused on the effectiveness of external activities undertaken by the Republic of Georgia in the face of the Moscow-Tbilisi crisis.

  • Stosunki polsko-gruzińskie w latach 1918 – 1921

    Author: Magdalena Włodarczyk
    Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 452-476
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201623
    PDF: siip/15/siip1523.pdf

    Polish-Georgian relations in 1918 – 1921

    The tradition of Polish-Georgian relations is many centuries old. It manifested itself differently over the course of history, originally based on the ideology of the Sarmatism and a diplomatic alliance in the war against Turkey. Later, when they were annexed by the Russian Empire, it was based on their fight for independence against a common enemy. Their relations have a political and historical background, and are associated with the resettlement policy of Russia. Establishing diplomatic relationships during the short period of the Democratic Republic of Georgia’s existence meant acknowledging Georgia internationally, first de facto, and then de iure. The cooperation was focused mainly on providing safe return for large Polish minority living in Transcaucasia, and on Marshal Józef Piłsudzki’s federalist agenda which supported newly emerged states. Both countries’ relations were reinforced by signing a military alliance and creating Polish-Georgian Industrial and Trade Union. The cooperation was finally ended by Soviet Russia’s assault on Georgia in year 1921.

  • Stosunki Gruzji z Europą Zachodnią i państwem polsko-litewskim

    Author: Piotr Prokopiuk
    E-mail: bolshoiboozepiotr@onet.eu
    Institution: Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 56-70
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/hso170403
    PDF: hso/15/hso1503.pdf

    The article presents the history of contacts between Georgia and Western Europe as well as Georgia and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth between the mid-15th and the end of the 18th centuries. In the article, the role of the Georgian diplomatic missions is emphasized in the process of forging anti-Osman coalitions.

  • Conserving the Past for Today : Politics of Georgian Government towards Cultural Heritage Protection in the Context of Political Uncertainty

    Author: Nikoloz Kavelashvili
    Institution: University of Wrocław
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 199-219
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/athena.2019.63.13
    PDF: apsp/63/apsp6313.pdf

    The protection of cultural heritage does not only have social but political and economic consequences as well. While the contents of a national and personal identity are closely tied to inherited cultural heritage, this heritage, as far as material culture is concerned, requires political support often beyond the means of the countries concerned. International support is rendered by organizations such as UNESCO with its World Heritage List, which includes World Cultural treasures as well as Natural Monuments. Politically, cultural heritage can be either a cohesive force or a divisive one when exploited for political purposes directed towards political hegemony. Economically, the cost of preserving cultural heritage can be a lucrative source of income as a result of the global promotion of cultural tourism. By this research, we can come to the idea that the State should facilitate the community empowerment through preservation and development of the cultural heritage – its organic environment, because without protection of the cultural environment and misusing the opportunities offered by it we cannot achieve the proper – i.e., feasible, sustainable – social and economic development of a country.

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