knowledge

(nie)Wiedza nauczycieli mieszkających na pograniczu polsko-czeskim o swoich sąsiadach

Author: Anna Szafrańska
Institution: Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 195-206
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2018.02.10
PDF: em/9/em910.pdf

Położenie geograficzne może być czynnikiem sprzyjającym nawiązywaniu bliższych międzysąsiedzkich relacji. Dzisiaj liczne granice – tak jak właśnie polsko-czeska – mają charakter „zdematerializowany” i istnieją w pamięci i świadomości ludzi. Czy jednak rzeczywiście bliskie sąsiedztwo, podobne uwarunkowania społeczne i kulturowe a nawet bliskość językowa powoduje, że poszukujemy wiedzy o swoich sąsiadach? W naszym kraju od kilku lat możemy obserwować swoiste zafascynowanie Czechami. To wszystko ma swój wymiar ogólnopolski. Czy jednak sytuacja na pograniczu, a więc w bezpośrednim sąsiedztwie, jest podobna? W realizowanych przeze mnie badaniach wśród nauczycieli mieszkających na pograniczu polsko-czeskim interesowało mnie, jak respondenci oceniają swoją wiedzę o Czechach i jak opisują swoich sąsiadów.

Lider bezpieczeństwa

Author: Lilla Młodzik
Institution: Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7845-5329
Year of publication: 2018
Source: Show
Pages: 104-116
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20181905
PDF: npw/19/npw1905.pdf

The leader of the safety

Analysis of achievements of theories about the safety and management studies is pointing at resemblances in appearing paradigms. New paradigm associated with such notions is one of them as: boundless organization, flexibility, networks of the value, subjective thinking, deliberate management in the face of the tolerance of uncertainty. All exchanged variables refer to issues of power and conducting which it face is changing in the era information, orientated to computer latest achievements, easiness of communicating, dynamic space. One should rank the confidence, the openness, the credibility and the responsibility among core values of this era. For her representatives are seeking authority, but every authority is a subject of the criticism from their side. The structure of behaviours is never for straights rescuing the described personality model, but the compilation of characteristics of people and of social situations. In such different reality everyone who wants to lead the field must act. In the area of the safety he has a particular dimension. Own development of the leader of the safety, based on exchanged elements is becoming an obvious duty. Elaborating this problem constitutes the subject of the present text.

Pre-service Special Education Teachers’ Knowledge about Autism

Author: Ghaleb M. Al-Hiary
Institution: The Hashemite University, Zarqa
Author: Yusef M Migdady
Institution: Al Albayt University, Mafraq
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 277-289
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2019.55.1.23
PDF: tner/201901/tner5523.pdf

There is a great deal of concern in respect to the increase autism prevalence rates. Teachers are responsible for teaching students in their classrooms. However, research findings suggest that special education teachers are underprepared and express ‘low” to “moderate” levels of knowledge about autism. Analysis of several databases revealed no studies concerning levels of knowledge about autism among pre-service special education teachers. The presented study aimed at investigating pre-service special education teachers’ levels of knowledge about autism. A test was developed for the purpose of this study. Further, a sample of 56 pre-service special education teachers responded to the study test. Participants were enrolled in a training session of 12 hours, 4 times a week. The participants responded to pre- and posttest. Results indicated that the levels of knowledge among the study sample was within the “low” range. However, this shifted toward the “moderate” levels after finishing the training. Additionally, there were no differences between male and female participants and year level in respect to the levels of knowledge about autism either before or after receiving the training. The participants differ in the levels of knowledge on GPA rating in the pretest results, but not the posttest results.

Science and Its Role in Modern Society: Epistemological and Social Aspects

Author: Sevda Akhundova
Institution: Baku Slavic University, Azerbaijan
Year of publication: 2020
Source: Show
Pages: 32-41
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/so2020202
PDF: so/18/so1802.pdf

Science and Its Role in Modern Society: Epistemological and Social Aspects

The main form of human cognition - science - today has an increasingly significant and significant impact on the real conditions of our life, in which we must somehow navigate and act. A philosophical vision of the world presupposes fairly definite ideas about what science is, how it is structured and how it develops, what it can do and what gives hope, and what is inaccessible to it. Talking about modern science in its interaction with various spheres of society and the individual, we can distinguish three groups of social functions that it performs. These are, first, cultural-worldview functions, second, the functions of science as a direct productive force and, third, its functions as a social force, due to the fact that scientific knowledge and methods are now being used more and more widely to solve a variety of problems arising in the life of society.

Społeczno-kulturowe mechanizmy funkcjonowania osoby transpłciowej

Author: Karolina Czerwiec
Institution: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3774-6901
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 344-364
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/em.2021.02.19
PDF: em/15/em1519.pdf

Ze względu na nietolerancję społeczną zachowań związanych z tożsamością płciową, większość osób transpłciowych doświadcza poważnego stresu na różnych etapach swojego życia. Aspekty relacji społecznych są istotne dla godnego i przyjaznego funkcjonowania dziecka transpłciowego w szkole i jego osiągnięć szkolnych, a następnie – już jako osoby dorosłej – ścieżek rozwoju zawodowego i podejmowania relacji społecznych. Podczas gdy niektóre szkoły i miejsca pracy oferują bezpieczne przestrzenie, wiele osób transpłciowych wciąż doświadcza negatywnych, wrogich i niebezpiecznych środowisk. Bez określonych działań mających na celu ochronę osób transpłciowych i szerzenie wiedzy na temat transpłciowości w społeczeństwie, większość osób o nienormatywnej tożsamości płciowej pozostaje podatna na dyskryminację, nękanie i zastraszanie. Dlatego tak ważne jest diagnozowanie trudności w funkcjonowaniu społecznym osób transpłciowych i wskazanie propozycji rozwiązań zmierzających do poprawy ich sytuacji w warunkach wykluczenia.

Kształcenie zdalne studentów pedagogiki w czasie pandemii COVID-19 – rozważania empiryczne

Author: Beata Pituła
Institution: Politechnika Śląska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7691-3821
Author: Barbara Grzyb
Institution: Politechnika Śląska
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3649-4068
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 88-116
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2021.03.05
PDF: kie/133/kie13305.pdf

Distance learning of pedagogy students during the COVID-19 pandemic – empirical considerations

The article presents the results of research conducted in 2020 among students of pedagogy of the Institute of Education and Communication Research of the Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice (Poland) regarding the evaluation of the quality of remote education introduced in response to the situation caused by the global COVID-19 pandemic and compared them with the results obtained by others native and foreign researchers, which made it possible to specify several conclusions for further work on the application of this form of education in academic education. The main method used in the research was a diagnostic survey with the technique assigned to it. The survey, taking into account the current situation of the university, resulting from distance learning during the pandemic, as well as other information disclosed by the media, consisted of two parts. The first part contained four questions (including those relating to demographic conditions). The second part consisted of questions focused on the research issues set out in this study, the main purpose of which was to learn about the opinions and views of students of pedagogy on compulsory distance education, implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic. The results of the research have brought a lot of new information, important for the extended analyzes and measurements of remote education conducted in many countries during the lockdown, which will allow, during possible subsequent epidemic threats, to exclude the diagnosed and identified problems that hinder the implementation of remote education of students.

Analysis of Anxiety, Knowledge, and Beliefs Toward E-Learning During Covid-19: The Case of Science Teachers in Aceh, Indonesia

Author: A. Halim
Institution: Universitas Syiah Kuala
Author: Irwandi
Institution: Universitas Syiah Kuala
Author: Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf
Institution: Universitas Syiah Kuala
Author: M. Yakob
Institution: Universitas Samudra
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 111-121
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.21.64.2.09
PDF: tner/202102/tner6409.pdf

The aim of this research is to analyze anxiety, knowledge, and belief toward e-learning acceptance, especially by science teachers in high schools in Aceh, Indonesia. About 117 teachers were randomly selected for this study. A questionnaire was used to collect data, and analyzed using the Likert scale. The results indicate that most teachers view the use of e-learning in teaching science to be positive. Despite the fact that only half of them are knowledgeable in the use of media and have concerns about some negative effects of e-learning on students, they still believed in the usefulness of e-learning in science education. Hence, more related research is recommended to further corroborate the findings of this study.

Influence of Knowledge Integration on Students’ Professional Competence

Author: Yuriy M. Kozlovskiy
Institution: Lviv Polytechnic National University
Author: Volodymyr L. Ortynskyy
Institution: Lviv Polytechnic National University
Author: Mykhailo V. Pashechko
Institution: Lublin University of Technology
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 124-135
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.19.56.2.10
PDF: tner/201902/tner5610.pdf

Integration of educational processes is fundamental to the modern learning paradigm. It is based on the critical approach to vocational training and gives students an opportunity to prepare well for their future professional life. Ability to solve complex problems is key and knowledge integration is central to the successful development of an independent learner. Research shows that the mastery of a specialist is directly dependent on their ability to solve complex problems. This, in turn, is highly reliant on the ability to apply knowledge to solving interdisciplinary problems. The presented article shows that integrated knowledge is both more encompassing and succinct at the same time. It comprises specific educational problems, the solution of which aids the development of professional competence and optimizes the educational process.

Accounting Training Received in College vs. Labor Market Demands: The Case of Mexico

Author: Javier Montoya-del-Corte
Institution: University of Cantabria
Author: Gabriela María Farías-Martínez
Institution: Technological Institute and Superior Studies of Monterrey
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 168-181
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.14.36.2.13
PDF: tner/201402/tner3613.pdf

The aim of this paper is to analyze the differences that exist in the field of accounting in Mexico between competences training offered by universities and demands concerning the labor market, focused on knowledge, skills and values. The results obtained in this study show a significant degree of separation between competences training received by the accountants newly graduated from the universities and the current demands of the labor market. It is important to note that other education environment variables could be taken into account to be included in future studies following this paper.

Rzeczywistość – poznanie – edukacja w kontekście radykalnego konstruktywizmu Ernsta von Glasersfelda

Author: Jacek Moroz
Institution: Uniwersytet Szczeciński
Year of publication: 2015
Source: Show
Pages: 71-89
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2015.01.04
PDF: kie/107/kie10704.pdf

Constructivism is one of the most popular and fastest growing paradigm in recent pedagogy. The fundamental assumption of constructivism is the thesis that knowledge is always and with necessity human construction. All knowledge about the world around us is the result of our experience. Of course, there are many forms of constructivism, although the Polish educational literature generally mentions two faces of constructivism: the personal (inspired by Piaget’s psychology) and the social (based on the psychology of Vygotski). It appears that radical constructivism has not been given proper discussion in Polish pedagogy. This theory, what is important, is the most famous and important kind of constructivism because of its epistemological and educational assumptions and consequences. Therefore in this article I want to achieve two goals: 1) to present the principal assumptions and the thesis of radical constructivism as articulated by Ernst von Glasersfeld; 2) to discuss selected controversies that this model of knowledge and learning has brought about.

From the Analysis of Pedagogical Discourse to a Reflection on the Integration of Knowledge about Youth

Author: Helena Ostrowicka
Institution: Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 5-23
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.05.01
PDF: kie/105/kie10501.pdf

This paper offers a reflection on educational discourse with particular focus on pedagogical discourse about youth. It begins with terminological and methodological assertions. Making a distinction between the discourse of educational practice and pedagogical discourse, I attempted to identify some types of discourse about youth which have become prominent in pedagogical research. To grasp the characteristics of the discourse I referred to quite a wide selection of pedagogical texts which provide data about the ways of problematisation of the theme of youth. They included monographs devoted to youth, research reports and articles from pedagogical periodicals, published in the last decade. My research tools in the qualitative analysis of the texts were two basic analytical categories: ideological dominants (the concept of youth, dominant values attributed to young age and youth) and interrogative dominants (fundamental practices of formulating questions about youth, problematisation, and typical conceptual categories). The typology of discourses about youth derived from empirical studies was used to construct a theoretical model of the analysis of integration of knowledge about youth. The concluding section poses several questions pointing at some potentially interesting areas for future research into heterogeneous sources of knowledge about youth.

Prawnoczłowiecze aspekty funkcjonowania osób transpłciowych we współczesnym świecie

Author: Magdalena Joanna Leżucha
Institution: Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Techniczno-Ekonomiczna im. ks. Bronisława Markiewicza w Jarosławiu
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5548-559X
Author: Karolina Czerwiec
Institution: Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. Komisji Edukacji Narodowej w Krakowie
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3774-6901
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 60-85
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2022.01.04
PDF: kie/135/kie13504.pdf

Human rights aspects of transgender people functioning in the contemporary world

The gender that is officially assigned at birth (male or female) is based on physical characteristics. However, it may not be compatible with gender identity – this is the way we feel and think about our gender. A transgender person is someone who has or manifests a different gender identity from the gender identity assigned to him at birth. A transgender person may choose to manifest their gender identity in a variety of ways. To make more permanent physical activity it is essential to use surgery and hormone therapy. This is a time-consuming and costly process that does not always involve complete gender reassignment. Transgender people experience transphobia and discrimination because of their gender identity, which is mistakenly associated with sexual orientation. The misunderstood concept of transgender causes that transgender people encounter intolerance, a lack of empathy, and the non-existence of safe social and legal spaces. This is mainly due to a lack of knowledge on the fundamental issues of transgenderism. Complex judicial procedures for sex reassignment, lack of funding for hormonal treatment and surgical genital correction, and the inability to marry are the cause of depression and a still high percentage of suicide attempts and suicides in this social group. Hence, it is important to draw social attention to the problems faced by transgender people and to disseminate knowledge about transgenderism.

Educational Space in a School in Kenya

Author: Tomasz Huk
Institution: University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1082-5826
Year of publication: 2022
Source: Show
Pages: 51-64
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.2022.69.3.04
PDF: tner/202203/tner6904.pdf

The article describes a primary school in Kenya, where the school’s educational space was analysed in two respects: a) safety and comfort; b) knowledge and skills development, as part of ethnographic research. The research results indicate that the school needs a change in physical space, teaching aids, and greater pedagogical awareness among the teachers. The new education system introduced in Kenya requires much more funding to ensure proper learning conditions and continuing education for teachers. If this demand is met, the quality of the education process may improve.

Philosophy and Social Sciences in a Securitological Perspective

Author: Janusz Świniarski
Institution: Military University of Technology (Poland)
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4694-4600
Published online: 3 January 2023
Final submission: 30 September 2022
Printed issue: June 2023
Source: Show
Page no: 23
Pages: 37-59
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy202302
PDF: ppsy/52/ppsy202302.pdf

The inspiration of this text is the belief of the Pythagoreans that the roots and source of complete knowledge is the quadruple expressed in the “arch-four”, also called as tetractys. Hence the hypothesis considered in this paper is: the basis of the philosophy of social sciences is entangled in these four valours, manifested in what is “general and necessary” (scientific) in social life, the first and universal as to the “principles and causes” of this life (theoretically philosophical) and “which can be different in it” (practically philosophical) and “intuitive”. The quadruple appears with different clarity in the history of human thought, which seeks clarification and understanding of the things being cognised, including such a thing as society. It is exposed in the oath of the Pythagoreans, the writings of Plato and Aristotle, who applied these four valours, among other things, in distinguishing the four types of knowledge and learning about the first four causes and principles. This fourfold division seems to be experiencing a renaissance in contemporary theological-cognitive holism and can be treated as an expressive, a “hard core”, and the basis of research not only of social but mainly of global society as a social system. This entanglement of the foundations of the philosophy of the social sciences leads to the suggestion of defining this philosophy as the knowledge of social being composed of “what is general and necessary” (scientific), genetically first, universal (theoretically philosophical) and “being able to be different” (philosophically practical) and intuitive.

Narracja w pedagogice – znaczenie, badania, interpretacje

Author: Mirosława Nowak-Dziemianowicz
Institution: Dolnośląska Szkoła Wyższa we Wrocławiu
Year of publication: 2014
Source: Show
Pages: 7-44
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/kie.2014.02.01
PDF: kie/102/kie10201.pdf

Narration in Pedagogy – Meaning, Research, Interpretations

The author addresses the position of narratives in the field of educational studies, the meaning of narratives, methodological conditions for research into narratives as well as the possibilities and limits of interpretation related to narrative research. The author argues for the importance of narratives for educational studies, because as a field of knowledge and academic discipline it relies on access to particular forms of individual experience. Educational studies need access to experience related to the subjectivities of those involved in educational processes – educators and pupils. Narratives as a departure point for learning about and understanding another person, her relations with others, intentions and course of her educational actions – as an educator or a pupil – is an important area for educational studies, which promises to open new perspectives of knowledge.

Field Qualifications: A Framework Suggestion

Author: Metin Toprak
Institution: Istanbul University
Author: Armağan Erdoğan
Institution: Turkish Council of Higher Education
Author: Ömer Açikgöz
Institution: General Director of Vocational and Technical Education, Ministry of National Education
Year of publication: 2013
Source: Show
Pages: 153-164
DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/tner.13.31.1.13
PDF: tner/201301/tner3113.pdf

Within the last decade the most significant development of the European Union in the education field has been the Bologna Process. The reference point of the Process is the European Qualifications Framework at the international level, and national qualifications framework at the national level. The Bologna term of “sector qualifications” is dealt with in two different meanings. The first is related to the hierarchy of the field of education from programme to broad field in the UNESCO approach. The second is sector standards determined according to the needs of economic sectors. This paper is devoted to developing the field architecture of the scientific family of program qualifications. In this work, while the field qualifications have been developed in Turkey, international standard classifications of education, occupations and industries were taken into account; and moreover, qualifications were developed from the vertically and horizontally hierarchical point of view, and chronological perspective. In this work, it is suggested that EQF-LLL and NQF can also be applied to all types of field qualifications.

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