• Terrorism and Media – an Interactive Modelling of a Message: the Research Framework

    The report presents theoretical framework of relationships between terrorist organisations and media, and it describes them as an interactive modelling of a message. It introduces the concept of mediatisation of terrorism, and it offers a definition of this process. Moreover, the report develops it with six theoretical hypotheses related to: influence of media on selection of terrorists’ targets, adaptation of an act of terror to the ‘logic of media communication’, personalisation of terrorism and celebritisation of terrorists, creation of biased and oversimplified stereotypes, transformation of terrorist objectives into catch-phrases, as well as a role of political violence in agenda-setting of main news broadcasts. The presented concept will be verified in the ongoing comprehensive, quantitative-and-qualitative study on mediatisation of terrorism in American television, that will investigate the process between September 11, 2001 and the Boston Marathon Bombing in 2013. 

  • Commercialization of the Media – TVP Case

    In the process of political, economic and social changes that have taken place in Poland since 1989, state radio and television, so far carefully controlled by the communist government, could not remain unaff ected. The establishment of a new order required several years and involved numerous changes in management and the content of programs. It is often said that this process has not been completed yet. What can be observed a$ er twenty years of transformation is the commercialization of media, whose “public” status is present only in their name. This is particularly apparent in the analysis of Polish television. In fact, the activity of this media is based on certain market mechanisms, including the desire to reach high viewership, attract the attention of advertisers and as a consequence, to maximize profit.

  • The Attributes of the Fourth Estate. In the Area of Medial Theories and Politics

    The term “Fourth Estate” is becoming more and more common and acquires various connotations. It seems that processes of mediatisation of politics and tabloidisation of the media greatly contribute to phenomenon. Numerous examples of that sort are provided by the permanent election campaigns in Poland, mutual relationship between different types of media and political public relations, as well as the relationship between the media and the ruling coalition.

  • Forms of Cyber-bullying from the Aspect of Cyber-victims – Elementary and Secondary School Pupils

    The Internet and cyber-space create a platform where a new form has emerged, i.e., bullying, so far occurring mainly within school premises. The study presents results of empirical research conducted at selected elementary and secondary schools in Slovakia in 2017. The aim of the study was to elucidate the most frequent current cyber-bullying platforms and occurrence of individual forms of cyber-bullying with regard to cyber-victims. The research sample consisted of 1004 respondents, aged 10–20 (AM 14.9). Empirical data were collected using the method of questioning in the form of a written questionnaire. We focused on cyber-bullies, electronic platforms and identification of cyber-bullying forms from the point of view of cyber-victims and pupils’ gender and age. It was found out that 24.50% of pupils reported to have been cyber-victimized, girls more often than boys. The most frequent form of cyber-bullying from the point of view of cyber-victims was abusive or offensive language on the Internet and spreading rumours on the Internet.

  • Zaufanie w mediach i w organizacjach medialnych

    Trust in media and trust in media organizations
    Trust in media in the light of the research results is extremely important. Trust is difficult to clearly define, but it’s easy to measure the effects of its activities in media organizations. Building trust in media organization is a long-term process and it’s fragile, needs just a moment to lose it. However, it is a viable because of a lot of benefits of trust. Good reputation and knowledge sharing are examples of the practical benefits of a high level of trust management in media organization. The trust is becoming the economic capital in the new economy that is emerging in the era of transparency. New media, virtual reality and the real world are gradually converging. Trust and transparency will never replace our privacy, so a kind of dichotomy arises here.

  • Współczesny dziennikarz: drapieżna hiena czy ciepły wrażliwiec?

    Modern journalist: warm sensitive person or agressive hyena?
    This question is not only asked by media viewers about the moral condition of people of media. This is also a matter of the direction chosen by editorial offices. Who is a modern journalist and who he should be?

  • Warsztaty dziennikarskie. Studenckie monitorowanie mediów

    Journalism Workshops. Student Monitoring of Media
    Media have become a part of our everyday life over the last years; we use them at work, at school and while taking a rest. Therefore, efforts have been undertaken to provide media education to school students and, what seems to be more effective, to university students. University level education in the field of social sciences have required new methods and tools. The analysis covers the journalism workshops which the author has conducted for 15 years as an academic course for the UAM Polish scholars (journalistic specialisation). Didactic issues and a faculty-based EU project are presented against the background of on-going changes, the Bologna system introduction and the importance of practical preparation based on practical trainings and apprenticeships. However, regardless of the new tools and work methods being required, the proven tasks include the formal and informal monitoring of media. As part of individual projects, students check the contents of newspapers, weekly magazines, radio and television broadcasts. The monitoring projects which have been completed guarantee good preparation for professional trainings and work at editorial staff offices.

  • Bezpieczeństwo w sieci jako element edukacji medialnej

    Network Security as the component of media education
    Abstract: Media literacy is defined as the key to understanding social reality, because to a large extent the media are a reflection and create attitudes, and even views. One of the elements of media education is to develop skills attitudes related to the use of cyberspace and to understand the processes, the situation in the place. The information society requires an appropriate message on the Internet, but often this is limited to technical skills, not awareness of how to safely use the network and move around in the virtual world. The lowest awareness on this issue are children and youth who uncritically utilize network resources without noticing the dangers that may lurk when you are in the network. The article discusses the challenges of media education in the field of network security, risks associated with the use of the Internet, media pedagogy and education to the safe use of the Internet. The author tries to point out shortcomings of education in schools and the way of cooperation with schools, which will optimize the effects of teaching media education on the safe use of cyberspace.

  • Stereotyp mediów w języku polskim a konceptualizacja ich prototypu w procesach recepcji i edukacji

    The stereotype of the media in the Polish language and conceptualization of their prototype in the processes of reception and education
    Abstract: The text of the article is devoted to reflection on the questions: whether there is a stereotype of the media, or as yet mass-media form in their awareness of their prototype, and whether education can support this process. Conclusions drawn from studies carried out in a group of 160 students from two universities: students of journalism and communication at the University of Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin and students of management and production engineering and agricultural engineering and forestry from the University of Life Sciences in Lublin.

  • Media a demokracja w Polsce

    Nowadays, it is more and more often that the decisions of individuals are shaped by the media, and for the permanent dialogue of power and citizens it becomes necessary to apply new information and telecommunications techniques, including the Internet. For a society to be fully called civil society: citizens should be well informed, should be interested in politics, should have equal rights of expression and participation in decision making, all decisions should be subject to public debate. At first glance, it can be seen that virtually none of the points is implemented in practice, but rather are marginalized. And the media has become the leading discussion forum on public and state issues. The author reflects on the influence of democracy and mass media on the course of the election campaign and on the image of the candidate in the election. The media are also presented as so-called the fourth authority (after three forms of power: executive, legislative and judiciary), which controls other authorities and informs the public about possible failures. The role of the fourth power assigned to them seems to be insufficient for the media, more and more often we observe many cases in which the media interfere in the constitutional order. The author notes that it often happens that mass media activities do not serve the good of society and the democratic system. So instead of favorably influencing the development of democracy and social awareness, they limit and deform it.

  • Krajowa Rada Radiofonii i Telewizji jako strażnik wolności słowa w radiofonii i telewizji

    Istotne jest by rozwiązania przyjęte w ramach danego systemu prawnego gwarantowały swobodne korzystanie z wolności słowa. Trzeba jednak mieć na uwadze, że wolność słowa nie ma charakteru absolutnego i dopuszcza się jej ograniczanie, zwłaszcza w zakresie, w jakim wymaga tego ochrona innych praw i wolności. Jak jednak słusznie podkreśla się w doktrynie zwłaszcza w przypadku radia i telewizji limitowanie wolności słowa należy poddać szczególnemu reżimowi. W jego ramach ograniczanie tej wolności powinno następować w wyjątkowo „ostrożny” sposób sprowadzający się do niezwykle drobiazgowej kontroli przyczyn takiego ograniczenia. Organem powołanym do ochrony wolności słowa w radiofonii i telewizji jest Krajowa Rada Radiofonii i Telewizji. Jednocześnie do jej zadań należy stanie na straży interesu publicznego w radiu i telewizji, a więc ochrona również innych praw i wolności. KRRiT nie znajduje się więc w łatwej sytuacji. Nie dość bowiem, że działa w specyficznym sektorze, to jeszcze w jego ramach powinna realizować trudne zadania polegające na ochronie wolności słowa z jednej strony, z drugiej zaś na ochronie innych praw i wolności stanowiących granicę wolności słowa. Ze względu na to, że działania KRRiT mogą prowadzić do ograniczania konstytucyjnych praw i wolności każda z jej decyzji powinna zawierać szczegółową analizę dotyczącą potrzeby wprowadzanego ograniczenia.

  • Świat przedstawiony w emitowanych w Polsce audycjach dla dzieci i młodzieży

    The article is devoted to the content analysis of 19 broadcasts for children and teens in six leading television channels dedicated to minors recipients in Poland. The study has been conducted on the basis of 16 criteria reflecting the positive and negative attributes of the programmes. It has aimed to answer the question of how the world is depicted in these broadcasts, and furthermore what socio-cultural patterns are transmitted to children and adolescents watching their favourite fairy tales and film heroes. The research conducted has proved that it is possible to identify both the best, most valuable from the point of view of the child’s development and socialization channel (it is MiniMini+) and the most harmful, presenting negative values and negative patterns channel (which is Cartoon Network). The text presents the first in Polish media and sociological studies comparative analysis of such a large number of broadcasts for children and youth, and the analysis so widely verifying the content and formal elements of these broadcasts.

  • Edutainment jako przestrzeń edukacji nieformalnej. Edukacyjny potencjał programów telewizyjnych w świetle analizy serialu „Głęboka woda” i wypowiedzi jego odbiorców

    Television is now recognized as a key source of knowledge about the social and cultural reality. TV series is one of the genre with special role on this field. It’s norm-creating properties have been spotted already in the 70’s and used to construct the first, based on narrative, edutainment programs. The article is focused on the series about social workers “Into deep water”. This TV show was creating by Ministry of Labor and Social Policy and it’s first example of education series in Poland. The author analyzes pop culture text based on education-entertainment strategy and educational potential of series. The empirical basis for article are written expression and qualitative research interviews. The aim of the research was verification the educational extent of the “Into deep water” and what it is. The main conclusion that results from the analysis is that the show is more PR tool than educational.

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