modernity

  • Fundamentalism in the Light of Selected Psychological Concepts

    Author: Anna Zasuń
    E-mail: a.zasun@ajd.czest.pl
    Institution: University of Jan Długosz in Częstochowa (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2016
    Source: Show
    Pages: 257-271
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2016020
    PDF: ppsy/45/ppsy2016020.pdf

    The aim of the article is to present the psychological roots of fundamentalism, which can be found in each type of the phenomenon, and also an attempt to show fundamentalism, as the configuration of certain personality traits. As the basis for such an interpretation of fundamentalism, serve the psychological approach, which relate to the personality, cognitive style, refer to the prejudices, as well as to the concept of authoritarian personality and its constitutive characteristics. Article raised the question of so–called “fundamentalist personality” on the basis of diversity of manifestations of this phenomenon and its correlation with the concepts of authoritarianism and dogmatism. Author also addresses psychological category of attitude, which is the starting point in the discussion of the phenomena, such as fundamentalism or nationalism. In the background of considerations is an attempt to organize knowledge on fundamentalism, taking into account the historical roots of the phenomenon, and also, as a complementary reflection, a legitimacy of identifying fundamentalism with terrorism. 

  • Przestrzeń miejska w realiach polskich – współczesne uwarunkowania a perspektywa rozwoju

    Author: mgr Martyna Rajek
    Institution: Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego w Bydgoszczy
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 294-515
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/siip201724
    PDF: siip/16/siip1624.pdf

    Urban space in the Polish reality – contemporary conditions and the prospect of development

    The model of contemporary urban centers is shaped as a result of the influence of a growing number of pejorative urban processes as well as newly emerging global trends on the spatial and social structure of the agglomeration. As a result, urban spaces are transformed into defragmented structures, characterized by much lower readability than their modernist counterparts, which is an important dilemma associated with reality and the environment in which the future man would function. This article is therefore an attempt to diagnose the condition of Polish urban spaces and to indicate the ongoing transformations that require the most urgent actions to stop unfavorable conversions. The essence is also the approximation of the process of urban renewal, as well as the awareness of the prognostic conditions of Polish urban cities in the future.

  • Illuminating Shanghai: Light, Heritage, Power

    Author: Karolina Pawlik
    E-mail: karolinapawlik88@gmail.com
    Institution: USC-SJTU Institute of Cultural and Creative Industry
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1847-9174
    Year of publication: 2020
    Source: Show
    Pages: 54-74
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2020304
    PDF: ppsy/49-3/ppsy2020304.pdf

    This paper explores the complex connection between heritage, light and power in Shanghai since the late 19th Century, and seeks a new understanding of how mutually coupled legacies of modernity, socialism and cosmopolitanism continue to shape this city’s unique identity and image. It focuses on the recent ideological remake of the skyline along the Huangpu River, achieved largely through the flamboyant illumination designed in 2018. Combining a number of visual and textual sources with fieldwork, it reveals the persistent symbolic role the city has played in a triumphant socialist cause, and assesses how past promises of a new Shanghai and a bright future for China have been sustained in the Reform Era. It forms a preliminary attempt to depict what the author argues should be perceived and studied as the engineering of a new propaganda medium which intersects with urban space governance. The implications of this project are discussed in the context of the threats and opportunities for Shanghai in terms of maintaining the city’s unique character and meaning coming from its own history and culture, rather than in terms of Shanghai simply being a vehicle for China’s modernity.

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