• From Geopolitical Chance to Security Threat: Polish Public Political Discourse on the One Belt One Road Initiative

    Author: Michał Lubina
    E-mail: michal.lubina@uj.edu.pl
    Institution: Jagiellonian University (Poland)
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 221-238
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/ppsy2017114
    PDF: ppsy/46-1/ppsy2017114.pdf

    This article deals with public, political discourse over One Belt One Road (OBOR) initiative in Poland. OBOR has recently become very popular in Poland as it encapsulates the noticeable fascination on China and on geopolitics among parts of Polish society. This article describes this phenomenon and delaminates the mainstream political discourse over OBOR into two main strands: great geopolitical and/or geoeconomic chance (pro-OBOR discourse) and security threat (anti-OBOR). The advocates of the former see the project as a great geopolitical and economic opportunity for Poland; the supporters of the latter find it a threat to Polish security and/or economic interests. This discourse echoes internal divisions within current Polish government on its China policy and can be observed against the background of China’s dynamic enter to Central and Eastern Europe, particularly to Czech Republic, Hungary and Serbia. 

  • Melodia przeszłości czy nowe rozdanie? Szanghajska Organizacja Współpracy w relacjach rosyjsko-chińskich z perspektywy 2017 roku

    Author: Michał Lubina
    E-mail: michallubina@wp.pl
    Institution: Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Poland
    Year of publication: 2017
    Source: Show
    Pages: 31-53
    DOI Address: http://dx.doi.org/10.15804/npw2017302
    PDF: npw/14/npw2017302.pdf

    More than decade ago Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) became a popular theme of analysis and research, evoking polarizing views. It was described as a successful regional, multilateral organization which responds to local challenges (such as terrorism) and represents a good case of Sino-Russian cooperation in Central Asia. On the other hand, SCO was also being portrayed as a geopolitical, authoritarian answer to NATO, stronger in words than in actions. Since than SCO has developed and strengthened Sino-Russian relations. On the other hand, since 2010s SCO has been losing its importance and facing marginalization. India’s and Pakistan’s access in 2017 is bound to reverse this trend and give SCO a new energy.
    The outcome of this enlargement, combined with integration of the One Belt One Road (OBOR) project with SCO will decide about SCO’s future.

  • Three boards: security, economy and the new unknown. The complicated relationship between China and Central and Eastern Europe

    Author: Michał Lubina
    Institution: Jagiellonian University
    ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3342-1763
    Year of publication: 2019
    Source: Show
    Pages: 61-81
    DOI Address: https://doi.org/10.15804/npw20192304
    PDF: npw/23/npw2304.pdf

    Three boards: security, economy and the new unknown. The complicated relationship between China and Central and Eastern Europe

    Two decades ago, when China economically entered Western Europe for the first time, two dominant narratives emerged. The first one claimed that China’s involvement constitutes a great development opportunity for European continent; the other one declared that it’s a serious security threat. Those two discourses on China remain dominant until now and the opportunity vs. threat dichotomy can now also be applied to Chinese’s policy towards Central and Eastern Europe. The answer for the dichotomy is both. China’s engagement means a great opportunity for development for Central and Eastern Europe. The success, however, is uncertain. It may never fulfill due to external factors and the drawbacks may overshadow the benefits.

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