• Consolidation of the Influence of Federal Security Service in the Perspective of Russian Anti-Terrorist Laws from 2016

    The article is an analysis of strengthening the powers and status of the Federal Security Service. The main context is the new anti-terrorism law adopted in 2016. The main thesis of the article is the belief that the new anti-terrorism law significantly expands the powers, control and a surveillance of the Federal Security Service, which has a dominant role in the system of the Russian secret services. Hypothetical relationship between the new law and the consolidation of influence of Federal Security Service is one of the stages of FSB-fication of power in the Russian Federation.

  • Utworzenie Federalnej Służby Gwardii Narodowej jako dowód FSB-fikacji władzy w Federacji Rosyjskiej

    Artykuł poświęcony jest analizie kompetencji, funkcji oraz politycznego potencjału utworzonej w 2016 roku Federalnej Służby Gwardii Narodowej Federacji Rosyjskiej. Powstanie nowej specsłużby jest konceptualizowane jako sformalizowany przykład ewolucyjnej FSB-fikacji władzy w Rosji. Analizowany w artykule casus utworzenia Federalnej Służby Gwardii Narodowej wpisuje się w rosyjską tradycję służb specjalnych jako strategicznego narzędzia zabezpieczającego reżim przed potencjalną destabilizacją w perspektywie elekcji prezydenckiej w 2018 roku.

  • Znaczenie relacji rosyjsko-czeczeńskich dla współczesnego bezpieczeństwa międzynarodowego

    The significance of Russian-Chechen relations for contemporary international security

    The main purpose of my work is to present the determinants and dependencies that characterize the Russian-Chechen relations for international political and economic security in the former Soviet Union and the Middle East, especially the Russian Federation.
    At the beginning, I intend to trace the process of the Chechen war and consolidate the power of the current leader of the country, Ramzan Kadyrov with the help of the President Russia, Vladimir Putin. At the same time, I will present the geopolitical significance of Chechnya in the international security system. In the following, I would like to present the implications of Russian-Chechen relations for other countries of the former USSR area- Ukraine, where in all probability Chechen “volunteers” participated in the fighting in Donbas. Finally, an important element of this work will be signaling, that President Kadyrov, despite aware of the Kremlin’s dependence on many matters, especially in economic terms, is starting to pursue an increasingly independent policy, as exemplified by the growing islamization of Chechnya, the participation of Chechen the Syrian conflict, Kadyrov active participation in the persecution of the Russian opposition, and finally the defense by the Chechen policy of the Muslim population of Rohingya in Myanmar against Moscow abstemious position. I would like to present the possible consequences of the above actions for the Russian Federation. It is not a secret that President Putin, despite the declared support for Kadyrov, is increasingly disapproving of some of his actions. In addition, it will be reasonable to present the reception of Kadyrov’s activities in other post-Soviet areas.
    In summary, I intend to answer the question whether major changes in the relations of both countries should be expected – and whether and how any changes will affect the architecture of international security.

  • Information Warfare Between Russia and Ukraine: A Cause of War for the West?

    Experts on information competition between Russia and Western countries are convinced that president Vladimir Putin plans a war against the West as a long-term operation. It is directed on two fronts: internal and the more effective external one. Both can be developed in every country of the World; the opponent may be a compatriot but the ally may be a foreigner. Fortunately, in the West the effectiveness of these operations is lower. Confrontation with the West the Kremlin has many advantages: parental and controlled informational space, technical implements, huge experience based on expert knowledge, likewise a longstanding practice in conducting informational operations. Those actions are strongly concentrated and there are widely used digital platforms and also, they popularise the contents in harmony with Russian Federation politics. Their aim is not only forming internal and external public opinion properly and in line with the Kremlin’s interests, because as the annexation of Crimea has demonstrated that their aim is construction of a new reality of the world. Paradoxically, in the Russian Federation’s policy, media freedom and political pluralism are considered as a weakness of the West. Many communities which have different benefits are sensitive to the Kremlin’ s propaganda.

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