Porozumienie regulujące status Morza Kaspijskiego – geneza i znaczenie

Author: Łukasz Wojcieszak
Institution: Politechnika Świętokrzyska
Year of publication: 2019
Source: Show
Pages: 54-70
DOI Address:
PDF: npw/20/npw2004.pdf

The agreement regulating the Caspian Sea status – genesis and meaning

The aim of the article is to analyze the regulations around status of the Caspian Sea, especially considering the agreement signed in August 2018. The ongoing dispute between countries bordering the Caspian Sea is important because the sea is of great economic value, in particular due to the exploitation of the energy resources. The agreement is a significant step forward, although it does not solve all the problems. It is important to define rules for laying pipelines on the seabed to enable implementation of significant investments.

Regulatory and Institutional Support of Public Administration in the Field of Physical culture and Sport in Ukraine

Author: Olena Ivanova
Institution: Leonid Yuzkov Khmelnytsky University of Management and Law
Year of publication: 2021
Source: Show
Pages: 49-64
DOI Address:
PDF: rop/18/rop1803.pdf

The author notes the importance of planning, policy measures and development strategies for the development of physical culture and sports. A large number of current regulatory documents, which reflect the attentive attitude of public authorities to the development and improvement of this area, is indicated. The structural components of the legal administration system in the field of physical culture and sports are characterized. The interpretation of sports legal relations is presented. Specific features of sports legal relations are noted. The main forms of state support for physical culture and sports are also identified. The contribution of local authorities of Ukraine in the implementation of state policy in the field of physical culture and sports is considered. The ambiguity of the legal regulation of the development of physical culture and sports is noted. The need to understand and distinguish between the field of physical culture and professional sports is emphasized. The state regulation of standardization in the researched sphere is considered. The absence of the term “standard” in relation to service quality management in organizations is indicated. The normative-legal acts, which partially determine the evaluation criteria in the field of physical culture and sports, are distinguished. The advantages of implementing a quality management system are indicated. The adopted Standards, the effect of which extends to the field of physical culture and sports, are considered. The principles of quality management system activity are presented and characterized: customer orientation, leadership, employee involvement, process approach, system approach to management, continuous improvement, decision-making based on facts, mutually beneficial relations with suppliers. The main problems and risks in the process of system implementation are noted. Emphasis is placed on the peculiarities of the implementation of the quality management system at the level of local self-government. The requirements for the preparation of mandatory documentation are listed and described. The content of the implementation plan is noted. Emphasis is placed on the expediency of determining senior management and officials on specific examples. The need for local government administration to systematically confirm its compliance with the quality management system has been identified. Requirements to representatives of higher governing bodies are defined. The impossibility of the self-government body to satisfy the requirements of all clients within the framework of the legislation and the approved budget is emphasized. The key task of senior management is described. The components of an important triple task of senior management in the context of implementation, operation and continuous improvement of the quality management system are listed. The importance of emphasizing the consolidation at the state level of tests and standards for assessing the physical fitness of the people of Ukraine was emphasized.

Artificial Intelligence v. Personal Data

Author: Katarzyna Chałubińska-Jentkiewicz
Institution: War Studies Academy (Poland)
Author: Monika Nowikowska
Institution: War Studies Academy (Poland)
Published online: 10 November 2022
Printed issue: 2022
Source: Show
Page no: 9
Pages: 183-191
DOI Address:
PDF: ppsy/51/ppsy202240_11.pdf

The world is constantly changing under the influence of new technologies. Artificial intelligence systems are currently used in many areas of human activity. Such systems are increasingly assigned the tasks of collecting and analysing personal data. The areas successfully using AI include transport, medicine, trade, marketing, and others. The number of these areas increases proportionally with the advancement of technology. We can process vast amounts of data and analyse it using IA. It is, of course, big data that sits at the heart of AI. As computing systems generally have grown in power and capacity, data consumption has grown exponentially.

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